Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
WORKING WITH AN INTERPRETER THE DRAMATHEREAPY ANGLE
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

WORKING WITH AN INTERPRETER THE DRAMATHEREAPY ANGLE

544
views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Education

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
544
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Working with an Interpreter the Dramatherapy angle6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 1
  • 2. The Refugee Asylum Seeker Or Non-English Speaker In a Mental Health Setting6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 2
  • 3. Some of the issues faced by Refugees and Asylum seekers: •Frightened that they will be sent back to a difficult sometimes life threatening situation. •They have no status. •They have probably left their families at home or don’t know where they are. •They may have been victims of torture and abuse . •They may have seen members of their families killed or injured. •Sometimes people are afraid to speak their own language .They may be afraid that they will be judged and/or persecuted within their own culture. •For any number of these reasons this client is very vulnerable. 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 3
  • 4. I am introducing the idea of: The Theatre Arts Therapist As opposed to the known: Dramatherapist6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 4
  • 5. In order to work in a Theatre Arts Therapist form we have to be familiar with the terminology of the theatre. This is the metaphor of the therapeutic medium in this instance.6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 5
  • 6. Actor - Audience – Text / script The story/action / plot story – Subtext /metatext - Director – Stage Manager – Costume – Lighting/Colour – Music – Character – Role – Set / Staging and Set design –6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 6
  • 7. There will be three people in the room for this session.6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 7
  • 8. 1. Actors2. Audience3. Text /script – the story4. Subtext5. Director The Actors are the6. Stage Manager people in the room7. Costume ………8. Lighting9. Music10. Character11. Role12. Set / Staging and Set Design 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 8
  • 9. The Actors ……………………….. 1. Therapist / Client / Interpreter 2. Therapist / Client / Interpreter 3. What is spoken in the room 4. What is not spoken 5. The therapist and the client 6. The therapist and the client 7. What the people bring to the room 8. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist 10. The therapist / the client / the interpreter 11. The therapist 12. The Therapist and the client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 9
  • 10. The clinical team are thepeople in the roominclusively …………… why 1. The clinical teamwould you include the 2. The clinical teamclient as part of the clinical 3. The interactions 4. Transference andteam? Countertransference. 5. Who is guiding the session 6. The therapist 7. All the participants 8. The therapist 9. The therapist 10. The nature of the intervention 11. Transactional Analysis 12. All in the room6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 10
  • 11. 1. Actors2. Audience3. Text / script – the story 1. The clinical team4. Subtext 2. The clinical team5. Director 3. The interactions6. Stage Manager 1. Therapist / Client / 4. Transference and7. Costume Interpreter Countertransference.8. Lighting 5. Who is guiding the session 2. Therapist / Client /9. Music 6. The therapist Interpreter10. Character 7. All the participants 3. What is spoken in the room11. Role 8. The therapist 4. What is not spoken12. Set and Set 9. The therapist 5. The therapist and the client Design 10. The nature of the 6. The therapist and the client intervention 7. What the people bring to the 11. Transactional Analysis room 12. All in the room 8. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist 10. The therapist / the client / the interpreter 11. The therapist 12. The Therapist and the client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 11
  • 12. So number 1 in all three columns are grouped together as a unit. i.e. 1.Actors 1.Therapist /client/interpreter 1.Clinical team. So actors are the therapist the client and the interpreter.6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 12
  • 13. We are starting to layer skills ………..Actor Therapist, client and Interpreter. Clinical team6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 13
  • 14. By containing all the layers together we can create a sense of holding internally. A form of grounding.6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 14
  • 15. We are actualizing and internalizing our inner therapist - actor - interpreter - client –clinical teamAlthough these people are going to be in the session in the room. We can think about thegroup as an inner drama. When we talk about inner drama, it is like an internal theatrespace.Somewhere to sit the players / actors in 3D. So that we can create a platform a stage, inour minds eye.We are somehow creating balance in the equation, we are fictionalizing our actors in asense, getting a feel for the dynamic. They are just bodies in our own equation so we canmake the dynamic simple.We can kind of get a feel of the archetypes that we want to activate in our group.They are the different levels of the archetype of the helper.We are all on stage at the same time with a mission of helping in different ways. 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 15
  • 16. In this scenario we have three actors ……. 1. The Client – the helpless 2. The Interpreter – the helpful 3. The Therapist – the helper We all will have different levels of these archetypes depending on how much we have explored them coupled with our life experience. 1 2 36/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 16
  • 17. Obviously this is all put into place in the imagination of the therapist ………. This would utilise another theatrical term. That of improvisation. Internal improvisation6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 17
  • 18. 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 18
  • 19. The greatest gift of the helper is the ability not to help …..6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 19
  • 20. The Beginning …………..6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 20
  • 21. The Therapeutic The Group in the room The theatre Arts‘ through line structure 1. Therapist / Client / 1. The clinical team 2. The clinical team Interpreter 3. The interactions1. Actors 2. Therapist / Client / 4. Transference and2. Audience Interpreter Countertransference.3. Text – the 3. What is spoken in the room 5. Who is guiding the session story 4. What is not spoken 6. The therapist4. Subtext 5. The therapist and the client 7. All the participants5. Director 6. The therapist and the client 8. The therapist6. Stage Manager 7. What the people bring to the 9. The therapist7. Costume room 10. The nature of the8. Lighting 8. The therapist and the client intervention9. Music 9. The therapist 11. Transactional Analysis10. Character 10. The therapist / the client / 12. All in the room11. Role the interpreter12. Set and Set 11. The therapist Design 12. The Therapist and the client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 21
  • 22. The actors prepare…………………………..6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 22
  • 23. 1. Actors 1. The clinical team2. Audience 2. The clinical team3. Text / script – 3. The interactions the story 4. Transference and4. Subtext Countertransference.5. Director 1. Therapist / Client / 5. Who is guiding the session6. Stage Manager Interpreter 6. The therapist7. Costume 7. All the participants8. Lighting 2. Therapist / Client / 8. The therapist9. Music Interpreter 9. The therapist10. Character 3. What is spoken in the room 10. The nature of the11. Role 4. What is not spoken intervention12. Set and Set 5. The therapist and the client 11. Transactional Analysis Design 6. The therapist and the client 12. All in the room 7. What the people bring to the room 8. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist 10. The therapist / the client / the interpreter 11. The therapist 12. The Therapist and the client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 23
  • 24. The people in the room are both participators and are observers at the same time ………… Actors and Audience6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 24
  • 25. 1. Actors 1. The clinical team2. Audience 2. The clinical team3. Text / 3. The interactions or Script – relationships the story 4. Transference and4. Subtext 1. Therapist / Client / Countertransference.5. Director Interpreter 5. Who is guiding the session6. Stage Manager 2. Therapist / Client / 6. The therapist7. Costume Interpreter 7. All the participants8. Lighting 3. What is spoken in the 8. The therapist9. Music 9. The therapist room 10. The nature of the10. Character 4. What is not spoken11. Role intervention 5. The therapist and the client 11. Transactional Analysis12. Set and Set 6. The therapist and the client Design 12. All in the room 7. What the people bring to the room 8. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist 10. The therapist / the client / the interpreter 11. The therapist 12. The Therapist and the client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 25
  • 26. The Story of the Client and the journey of the therapist …….. Witnessed by an interpreter in this case ……… All are witnesses I am saying that the interpreter is the witness because the interpreter is often not a constant as they are brought in on a sessional basis within services. …………………. This does not aid continuity ……….6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 26
  • 27. 1. Actors2. Audience 1. The clinical team3. Text – the 2. The clinical team story 3. The interactions4. Subtext 4. Transference and5. Director 1. Therapist / Client / Countertransference6. Stage Manager Interpreter7. Costume . 2. Therapist / Client / 5. Who is guiding the session8. Lighting Interpreter9. Music 6. The therapist 3. What is spoken in the room 7. All the participants10. Character11. Role 4. What is not spoken 8. The therapist12. Set and Set 5. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist Design 6. The therapist and the client 10. The nature of the 7. What the people bring to the intervention room 11. Transactional Analysis 8. The therapist and the client 12. All in the room 9. The therapist 10. The therapist / the client / the interpreter 11. The therapist 12. The Therapist and the client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 27
  • 28. The unconscious material that is passing between the three people in the interaction: Depending how the room is laid out will influence the subtext ……….. The proximity of the participants to each other as actors on stage ………..6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 28
  • 29. 1. Actors 1. The clinical team2. Audience 2. The clinical team3. Text – the 3. The interactions story 1. Therapist / Client / 4. Transference and4. Subtext Interpreter Countertransference.5. Director 2. Therapist / Client / 5. Who is guiding the6. Stage Manager Interpreter 3. What is spoken in the room session7. Costume 6. The therapist8. Lighting 4. What is not spoken 7. All the participants9. Music 5. The therapist, the 8. The therapist10. Character interpreter and the 9. The therapist11. Role 10. The nature of the12. Set and Set client. intervention Design 6. The therapist and the client 11. Transactional Analysis 7. What the people bring to the 12. All in the room room 8. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist 10. The therapist / the client / the interpreter 11. The therapist 12. The Therapist and the client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 29
  • 30. Time …………….. Space ………… Action ………………….. Conventionally the Director dictates these ideas within the theatre ……… In this therapeutic context the Directors role is softened to allow for a more subtle approach. The Director becomes the therapist…….. There is still some level of direction……..6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 30
  • 31. The Random Event syndrome Frustration If things don’t work out Apathy De: skilling yourself …………. Making apologies for your work ………………… Finding fault with your management ability ……………. And any other combination of these …………………… unfortunately all of these can then be carried into the next session which you may have straight after this, especially if it is a unit of some kind ……………..6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 31
  • 32. We often have sketchy information about a client due to the complexity of a situation and the limited information we have at the start. Especially if the previous agency linked in with the client has false information. The client may have done all sorts of things to conceal there identity. For various reasons. The case then becomes difficult. The tendency can be to invent or fantasize………. The what if ?/who if ? scenario. Most important is to be really present with the humanity of that person. We can at this point think / or feel that we are inadequate to deal with the situation in some way especially if we are not familiar with cultural issues of the client……. The negative aspects of the helper archetype …….. Leading to the ……………… Random Event Syndrome6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 32
  • 33. One thing is certain every human being experiences........ This is what we share in common ..............6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 33
  • 34. These types of sessions require a lot of energy and concentration so best dealt with at a time of day when you are most able to concentrate for a length of time and when you are least likely to be disturbed. Not wise to run these type of sessions back to back ……….. Wind down ………. Rest if possible ……….. Go into a dark space with a hot drink for 10 minutes ………….6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 34
  • 35. 1. Actors2. Audience 1. The clinical team3. Text – the 2. The clinical team story 3. The interactions4. Subtext 4. Transference and5. Director Countertransference.6. Stage 5. Who is guiding the 1. Therapist / Client / Manager session Interpreter7. Costume 6. The therapist 2. Therapist / Client /8. Lighting 7. All the participants Interpreter9. Music 8. The therapist 3. What is spoken in the10.Character 9. The therapist room11.Role 10.The nature of the 4. What is not spoken12.Set and Set intervention 5. The therapist and the Design 11.Transactional Analysis client 6. The therapist and the 12.All in the room client 7. What the people bring to the room 8. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist 10.The therapist / the client / the interpreter 11.The therapist 12.The Therapist and the 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 35 client
  • 36. In this scenario we have three actors ……. 1. The Client 2. The Interpreter 3. The Therapist 1 3 26/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 36
  • 37. Slide 1 Types of Staging/positioning 1 3 Client Therapist 2 Interpreter 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 37
  • 38. Slide 2 Therapist 1 3 Client 2 Interpreter 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 38
  • 39. Slide 3 Client 1 3 Therapist 2 Interpreter 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 39
  • 40. Slide 4 Therapist 2 3 Interpreter 1 Client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 40
  • 41. Slide 5 Therapist 2 3 2 2 a Interpreter – dual cultures 1 Client – dual cultures 1a In this case …….. 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 41
  • 42. We want the staging to influence how we connect as a group in the room. We want to enable our humanity to meet …..6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 42
  • 43. 1. Actors 1. The clinical team2. Audience 2. The clinical team3. Text – the 3. The interactions story 4. Transference and4. Subtext Countertransference.5. Director 5. Who is guiding the session6. Stage Manager 1. Therapist / Client / 6. The therapist Interpreter7. Costume 2. Therapist / Client / 7. All the participants8. Lighting Interpreter 8. The therapist9. Music 3. What is spoken in the room 9. The therapist10. Character 4. What is not spoken 10. The nature of the11. Role 5. The therapist and the client intervention12. Set and Set 6. The therapist and the client 11. Transactional Analysis Design 12. All in the room 7. What the people wear and bring to the room 8. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist 10. The therapist / the client / the interpreter 11. The therapist 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM 12. The Therapistalix harrow client and the 43
  • 44. The Hot Potato What is appropriate to wear? We want to look professional but accessible ……… We don’t want to overpower the client or the interpreter …. We need to get the best out of both …………… A heightened emotional situation possibly ………….6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 44
  • 45. 1. Actors2. Audience 1. The clinical team3. Text – the 2. The clinical team story 3. The interactions4. Subtext 4. Transference and5. Director Countertransference.6. Stage Manager 1. Therapist / Client / 5. Who is guiding the session7. Costume Interpreter 6. The therapist 2. Therapist / Client /8. Lighting Interpreter 7. All the participants9. Music 3. What is spoken in the room 8. The therapist10. Character 4. What is not spoken 9. The therapist11. Role 5. The therapist and the client 10. The nature of the12. Set and Set 6. The therapist and the client intervention Design 7. What the people bring to the 11. Transactional Analysis room 12. All in the room 8. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist 10. The therapist / the client / the interpreter 11. The therapist 12. The Therapist and the client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 45
  • 46. In an inpatient service it maybe that wesee the client at different times of the dayand night so the lighting conditions change…………Lighting has a profound effect on thetherapeutic process ……………So the therapist may manipulate thelighting to suit the nature of theintervention at any time ………e.g. an assessment process will be verydifferent from the 10th session ……….Seeing a client during the night ………. Hasobvious connotations ………………6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 46
  • 47. The human psyche behaves very differently at different times of the day……… the day being that of a 24 hour cycle ………6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 47
  • 48. A lot of early work I did was done in the middle of the night whilst the client was experiencing flashbacks which was acted out …………. This was non –verbal and only required me to be with ……….. Do we take someone out of a disturbing memory or do we allow a person to experience their own process when it arises? ……………6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 48
  • 49. 1. Actors 1. The clinical team2. Audience 2. The clinical team3. Text – the 3. The interactions story 4. Transference and4. Subtext Countertransference.5. Director 5. Who is guiding the session6. Stage Manager 1. Therapist / Client / 6. The therapist7. Costume Interpreter 7. All the participants8. Lighting 2. Therapist / Client / 8. The therapist Interpreter9. Music 3. What is spoken in the room 9. The therapist10. Character 4. What is not spoken 10. The nature of the11. Role 5. The therapist and the client intervention12. Set and Set 6. The therapist and the client 11. Transactional Analysis Design 7. What the people bring to the 12. All in the room room 8. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist 10. The therapist / the client / the interpreter 11. The therapist 12. The Therapist and the client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 49
  • 50. Music may be used but it has influence ……….. Just as in theatre or film …………………. What are the connotations of this ???????6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 50
  • 51. 1. Actors2. Audience3. Text – the story4. Subtext 1. The clinical team5. Director 1. Therapist / Client / 2. The clinical team6. Stage Manager Interpreter 3. The interactions7. Costume 2. Therapist / Client / 4. Transference and8. Lighting Interpreter Countertransference.9. Music 3. What is spoken in the room 5. Who is guiding the session10.Character 4. What is not spoken 6. The therapist11. Role 5. The therapist and the client 7. All the participants12. Set and Set 6. The therapist and the client 8. The therapist Design 7. What the people bring to the 9. The therapist room 10.The nature of the 8. The therapist and the client intervention 9. The therapist 11. Transactional Analysis 10.The therapist / the 12. All in the room client / the interpreter 11. The therapist 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM 12. The Therapistalix harrow client and the 51
  • 52. The person you bring with you to the session: •Who are you today? •What have you experienced on the way to work? •What is left over from yesterday? •What happened at home? •Did you sleep well? All these things will inform the way you are – your character – Of course you have no idea what the other characters in the scenario will have brought with them to the session….6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 52
  • 53. Transactional Analysis: parent – adult – child Different cultures have different hierarchies within the given norms of human development. That of elders being of different ages. Older people being given certain status between themselves. For example I have just become an auntie to my Malaysian cousins child which makes my title culturally as: CousinAuntie. These things can influence how people treat each other. Although I am sure that the interpreters are trained to be impartial.6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 53
  • 54. 1. Actors2. Audience3. Text – the story 1.The clinical team4. Subtext 2.The clinical team5. Director 3.The interactions6. Stage Manager 1. Therapist / Client / 4.Transference and7. Costume Interpreter Countertransference.8. Lighting 2. Therapist / Client / 5. Who is guiding the session9. Music Interpreter 6. The therapist10. Character 3. What is spoken in the room 7. All the participants 4. What is not spoken 8. The therapist11.Role 5. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist12. Set and Set 6. The therapist and the client 10. The nature of the Design 7. What the people bring to the intervention room 11.Transactional 8. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist Analysis for example. 10. The therapist / the client / 12. All in the room the interpreter 11.The therapist 12. The Therapist and the client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 54
  • 55. Our roles are defined as : •Therapist •Client •Interpreter In this instance6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 55
  • 56. 1. Actors2. Audience3. Text – the story4. Subtext 1. The clinical team5. Director 2. The clinical team6. Stage Manager 1. Therapist / Client / 3. The interactions7. Costume Interpreter 4. Transference and8. Lighting 2. Therapist / Client / Countertransference.9. Music Interpreter 5. Who is guiding the session10. Character 3. What is spoken in the room 6. The therapist11. Role 4. What is not spoken 7. All the participants 5. The therapist and the client 8. The therapist12.Set and 6. The therapist and the client 9. The therapist Set Design 7. What the people bring to the 10. The nature of the room intervention 8. The therapist and the client 11. Transactional Analysis 9. The therapist 12.All in the room 10. The therapist / the client / the interpreter 11. The therapist 12.The Therapist and the client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 56
  • 57. The size of the room and the way the room is set out have an impact on the relationships ………………………..6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 57
  • 58. Obviously we are governed by what is available for our meeting to take place. But when we are booking the meeting we can also book the space as well just as in theatre spaces or rehearsal rooms. You wouldnt usually hold auditions in the kitchen ....................6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 58
  • 59. Slide 4 Therapist Interpreter 3 2 1 Client 6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 59
  • 60. So this is the layout that I prefer to work with. Although you obviously also have to take into account the others in the room but ultimately the director sets the scene this instils confidence in the room and a ready place to begin. I sat with the client and we sat as if we were talking to each other and the interpreter sat a bit away from us facing us both but in-between. So I would face the client and not look at the interpreter. It is the client that Im ultimately interested in. I watch the client and she/he watches me and the interpreter mediates. As the session progresses the norms are established. The client looks at me and not at the interpreter through gentle encouragement. We observe each others humanity.6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 60
  • 61. The End6/25/2012 1:43:00 PM alix harrow 61