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Roadmap for General Accounting - condensed
Roadmap for General Accounting - condensed
Roadmap for General Accounting - condensed
Roadmap for General Accounting - condensed
Roadmap for General Accounting - condensed
Roadmap for General Accounting - condensed
Roadmap for General Accounting - condensed
Roadmap for General Accounting - condensed
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Roadmap for General Accounting - condensed

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  • 1. Commonwealt h of Kentucky MARS Management Administrative and Reporting System Roadmap – General Accounting May 13, 2010
  • 2. NOTE: This document is formatted for duplex reproduction, which is the Commonwealth of Kentucky standard. Blank pages are intentionally inserted throughout the document so that the document will reproduce correctly.
  • 3. Commonwealth of Kentucky MARS Project Roadmap – General Accounting Table of Contents Page 1 ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT ............................................................................ 1 2 GENERAL ACCOUNTING FUNCTIONAL AREA PROCESSES ................... 2 2.1 ACCOUNTING CYCLES ......................................................................................................... 2 2.2 SYSTEM FILE MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................ 2 2.3 REORGANIZATIONS .............................................................................................................. 3 2.4 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT..................................................................................................... 3 2.5 INTER-FUND ACTIVITY .......................................................................................................... 3 2.6 JOURNAL VOUCHERS ........................................................................................................... 3 2.7 GASB COMPLIANCE ............................................................................................................ 4 2.8 CAFR................................................................................................................................. 4 D:ConFacconversion4078705roadmap-for-general-accounting-condensed4981.doc Page i May 13, 2010
  • 4. Commonwealth of Kentucky MARS Project Roadmap – General Accounting This page intentionally left blank. D:ConFacconversion4078705roadmap-for-general-accounting-condensed4981.doc Page ii May 13, 2010
  • 5. Commonwealth of Kentucky MARS Project Roadmap – General Accounting 1 About This Document These Roadmaps provide a summarized document that can serve as a guiding document for Agency System Usage Analysis tasks, with the System Usage Analysis and Implementation Strategy documents serving as backup documentation when needed. Ten Roadmap documents are available, one for each business area outlined in a System Usage Analysis document. The MARS Project Business Analysis and Design team produced numerous documents available to agencies during their implementation efforts. These documents consist of two basic types: System Usage Analysis documents and Setup and Usage documents. The Business Analysis and Design team produced ten System Usage Analysis documents (available on the Internet), one for each business area: 1. Revenue and Receivables 2. Internal Orders and Billings 3. Purchasing and Payables 4. Grants and Cost Allocation 5. Project Billing and Job Costing 6. General Accounting 7. Inventory 8. Fixed Assets 9. Budget Preparation 10. Disbursements Six Setup and Usage documents (also available on the Internet) were produced: 1. Materials Management Setup and Usage Strategy 2. Accounts Payable/Accounts Receivable Redesigned Process Implementation Strategy 3. Budget Setup and Implementation Analysis 4. Chart of Accounts Plan 5. Cost Classification and Reporting Plan 6. Source Document & Transaction Mapping Analysis Generally, these documents contain detailed information about the key business processes and system component setup, and most are fairly large documents. Recognizing that these materials can be overwhelming for agencies to digest, the MARS Implementation Team has taken these materials and condensed both the System Usage Analysis business process information and the Setup and Usage information into Roadmap documents. Each Roadmap consists of two major sections: 1. Functional Area Processes. This section provides an introduction, and information regarding key business process. An overview is given for each process, and diagram is provided where applicable. 2. Agency Setup Requirements. Where applicable, this section summarizes key agency setup requirements and data elements. In addition, some Roadmaps provide data structure diagram for applicable components of the system. These setup requirements work in conjunction with the Data Prep and Setup section (section 6.8) of the Agency Implementation Notebook. 2 D:ConFacconversion4078705roadmap-for-general-accounting-condensed4981.doc Page 1 May 13, 2010
  • 6. Commonwealth of Kentucky MARS Project Roadmap – General Accounting General Accounting Functional Area Processes The Commonwealth of Kentucky seeks to fully automate the processing of General Accounting activity in ADVANTAGE. ADVANTAGE supports several sub-systems that will be used by the Commonwealth. Sub-systems include Internal Orders, Revenue, Fixed Assets, Inventory, Grants and Cost Allocation, Projects and Jobs and Disbursements. Each of the sub- systems is fully integrated with the ADVANTAGE General Ledger. Several business processes were identified and thoroughly reviewed through the Design Analysis process and modifications were defined to enable the system to support the needs of the Commonwealth. Eight processes were identified within the General Accounting function: 1. Accounting Cycles 2. System File Maintenance 3. Reorganizations 4. Financial Management 5. Inter-fund Activity 6. GASB Compliance 7. Journal Vouchers 8. CAFR 2.1 Accounting Cycles This process refers to the regular processing activities that must occur in ADVANTAGE. These processes include Nightly Cycle processing, Month end closing, Year-end closing and rollovers, and New-year opening. Included in the processing cycle job stream are system assurance processes that are designed to help maintain data integrity. System Assurance verifies: Debits and credits are equal for each fund. All processed transactions have been recorded in the General Ledger, Budget Ledger, and the appropriate online tables. The organizational structure is accurately specified for each organization. Base table records are in sync with their associated alternate view. In addition, problems occurring due to system crashes or operational errors will be detected and reported by the System Assurance Process. Systems Assurance (SA1, to balance debits and credits in ledgers) can also be run against monthly and year-end tables. 2.2 System File Maintenance This process refers to the clearing of data from the Financial Database on a regular and scheduled basis. This process also includes the maintenance of user maintained MARS tables, including application security tables. D:ConFacconversion4078705roadmap-for-general-accounting-condensed4981.doc Page 2 May 13, 2010
  • 7. Commonwealth of Kentucky MARS Project Roadmap – General Accounting 2.3 Reorganizations This process refers to the maintenance of Chart of Accounts and budgetary elements within MARS. Included in this process is adding or removing various Agencies or Organizations. The creation or restructuring of an agency may be required by one of three actions: executive order, administrative order, or legislative action. In each case the agency will work through GOPM to request establishment/change of organizational Chart of Account elements. All approved element codes are directed to the Controller’s Office from GOPM. 2.4 Financial Management This process includes several unrelated financial activities such as Imprest Cash, Change Funds, Advances to Sheriffs, loans to outside entities and Investing activity. The Commonwealth is working to limit the use of Imprest Cash accounts among Agencies within the Commonwealth. Decisions will be made on a case by case basis as to whether or not an Agency needs to retain an Imprest Cash account. A new document will be created in ADVANTAGE to record the purchase of investments. The MWI (Manual Warrant – Investment) document will have specific approval levels and approval paths unique to this new document type. The design of this modification was made with specific approvals and routing in mind. The MWI document will need approval by the Controller’s Office before it can post to the system. For investment of state funds (OFMEA) the Treasurer’s Office will also need to apply an approval to this document. 2.5 Inter-fund Activity This process addresses the following activity: Operating transfers. Residual equity transfers. Expenditure reimbursements. Inter/Intra Agency adjusting entries. On-budget cash transfers will be done using Account Type “22”, and off-budget cash transfers will be done using Account Type “24”. All transfers will be completed with the JVT document. 2.6 Journal Vouchers Journal Vouchers record accounting events that cannot be recorded on any other ADVANTAGE Financial document; they can be used to close accounts, move money and adjust balances. Three new Journal Voucher types will be created for the Commonwealth: JVC - the new document type (JVC) will contain edits specific to the Commonwealth’s business practices. The JVC will be used to correct previously posted expenditure or revenue transactions. The JVC document will have security established that will allow the Agencies to process it without Central Finance approval. This is significantly different than current practice. In the event that budget or cash overrides are needed to process a D:ConFacconversion4078705roadmap-for-general-accounting-condensed4981.doc Page 3 May 13, 2010
  • 8. Commonwealth of Kentucky MARS Project Roadmap – General Accounting particular JVC document, Central Finance/GOPM must apply an override to the document on behalf of the Agency. Procedures will need to be developed for agencies to request cash overrides through the Controller’s Office and budget overrides through GOPM. Based on the FUND code for this transaction, if the Bank Account for the transaction is different than the one on the FUN2 table for the coded Fund, then the JVM document will need to be used. JVT - the new document type (JVT) will contain edits specific to the Commonwealths business practices. The JVT will be used to process all cash transfers, both on budget and off budget. Currently, these types of transfers are done on CC (STARS Capital Construction) documents for fund 02 and on JV documents for all other funds. All JVT documents will need approval from GOPM and the Controller’s Office. This is somewhat different than current practices in that non-fund 02 off budget transfers usually do not go through GOPM currently. Any corrections to a cash transfer processed on a JVT document will need to done with a JVM document. Based on the FUND code for this transaction, if the Bank Account for the transaction is different than the one on the FUN2 table for the coded Fund, then the JVM document will need to be used. JVM - the JVM will be the master Journal Voucher document to be used for all other Journal Voucher transactions not applicable to the JVC or JVT. All JVM documents will require approval from the Controller’s Office. 2.7 GASB Compliance Interim adjustments for reporting and compliance for G.A.A.P. A Journal Voucher will be used to process inter-fund activity. Note: Reference the section on Journal Vouchers in this document for more information on the uses and types of Journal Voucher documents. Agency fund (71, 72) activity will be recorded during the fiscal year using operating statement accounts (i.e. expenditures/revenues), and will be adjusted for CAFR reporting at year end. Agencies currently using fund 71 or 72 will need to be informed of this change and new object and revenue source codes may need to be identified and established. 2.8 CAFR The Commonwealth prepares a Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR) consisting of financial statements, notes and statistical information each year. This report is prepared by the Controller’s Office using data from the statewide accounting system as well as audited financial statements from component units. D:ConFacconversion4078705roadmap-for-general-accounting-condensed4981.doc Page 4 May 13, 2010

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