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  1. 1. CONTENTS 1.0 Introduction. 2.0 Scope of application of Charter. 3.0 Definitions 4.0 Macroom-e project mission statement. 5.0 Policy Statement 6.0 General requirements 6.1 Macroom-e Policy 6.2 Macroom-e Charter 6.3 Steering Committee 6.4 Initial review 6.5 Audit 6.6 Environmental and business support programs (ESBPs). 6.7 Environmental tool development. 6.8 Metrics system 6.9 Training and awareness program. 6.10 Promotional literature 6.11 Environmental legislation / business opportunity interaction 6.12 Standard environmental building and infrastructure requirements. 7.0 Expected Economic and Environmental results. 7.1 Economic 7.2 Environmental 8.0 Implementation and operation of Macroom e. 8.1 Steering committee members 8.2 Structure and responsibility 8.2.a Steering Committee 8.2.b Signatories of Charter 8.3 Stakeholder Review 8.4 Environmental Industrial Park guidelines and specifications 9.0 Environmental tool development and utilisation. 9.1 Integrated business and environmental development. 9.2 Design for Environment (DfE) 9.2.a Training, awareness and promotion of DfE. 9.2.b Analyse opportunities- Review products and markets 9.2.c Resources 9.2.d Identification of Design for Environment opportunities 9.2.e Identification of Design for Environment benefits. 9.2.f Integrated DfE and Business Strategy
  2. 2. 9.2.g Application of Design for Environment tools to the selected products. 9.2.h Design for Environment and Business Support Programs. 9.2.i Product development. 9.2.j Product marketing. 9.2.k Continual improvement through evaluation and modification. 9.3 Eco-efficiency including Cleaner Technology implementation. 9.3.a Reduction in material utilisation. 9.3.b Reduction in energy utilisation. 9.3.c Toxics reduction 9.3.d Recyclability. 9.3.e Renewable resources. 9.3.f Review potential for extending product durability. 9.3.g Review the product use. 10.0 Performance evaluation. 10.1 Metrics system, 10.2 Cost of environment 10.3 Continuous improvement through integrated business and environmental audit 1.0 INTRODUCTION. Macroom-e seeks to provide sufficient resources to provide awareness, training, controls and tools to establish a sustainable industrial environment in Macroom both with the existing
  3. 3. industrial base and new locating enterprises to the innovative Environmental Industrial Park (EIP). Along with the adoption of a sustainable environmental approach by the local Town Council the project wishes to develop a range of tools which, through the development of this Voluntary Charter with the industrial base of the area, can be incorporated into the standard practice of these producers to lead them to greater efficiencies, enhanced economic performance, reduction in resource consumption and waste generation and better overall environmental and business performance. 2.0 SCOPE OF APPLICATION OF CHARTER. This charter specifies requirements for an integrated business and environmental system which shall through its implementation lead to improved environmental sustainability, business performance and socio-economic development. The charter will enable the steering committee of Macroom-e in association with the signatories to; a) Implement, maintain and improve environmental sustainability through application of environmental tools such as Design for Environment, Eco-Efficiency, Clean Technology, Cost of Environment, Life Cycle Analysis and Environmental Legislative trending. b) Increase the skills base and utilisation of the tools in the development of products, improved process efficiencies and extended and new markets so as to support the growth and profitability of companies. c) Empower companies to align business strategies with environmental sustainability. d) Allow development of Macroom-e along structured, predefined and delineated guidelines. e) Develop Macroom-e for future transfer of project materials and results. f) Incorporate environmentally sustainable building and operational practices into companies. All the requirements of this Charter are intended to be incorporated into the operations of signatory companies participating in Macroom-e. 3.0 DEFINITIONS. Cleaner Technology: is a process which by its nature or intrinsically reduces effluent and other waste production, maximises product quality, maximises raw materials and energy and any other input use.
  4. 4. Continual improvement: The process of enhancing business and environmental performance and sustainability in fulfilment of the policy of Macroom –e. Design for Environment: A process of designing products or services to be Eco-efficient and with reduced environmental impacts within their life cycle. Eco-efficiency: product, process or service design that minimises energy, resources and waste. Environment: Surroundings in which an organisation operated including air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna, humans and their interaction. Environmental aspect: element of an organisations activities, products or services which can interact with the environment. Environmental impact: any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organisations activities, products or services. Environmental and business audit: a systematic and documented verification process of objectively obtaining and evaluating evidence to determine whether an organisation conforms to the criteria set out in the Macroom-e Charter. Environmental and Business Support Program Objective: overall environmental and business objective arising from the policy of Macroom-e that a signatory company in agreement with Macroom-e sets itself to achieve and which is quantifiable where practicable. Environmental and Business Support Program Target: a detailed performance requirement, quantified where practicable applicable to Macroom-e and the signatories of this Charter and based on the Environmental and Business Support Program Objectives which shall result in the formulation of the Environmental and Business Support Programs. Prevention of pollution: use of processes, practices, materials or products that avoid, reduce or control pollution which may include recycling, treatment, process changes, control mechanisms, efficient use of resources and material substitution. Life cycle assessment: an analysis that traces the impacts of material and non-material inputs to the product or system (e.g. equipment used in manufacturing and operating the system, and disposing or recycling at the end of the products life). Sustainability: the ability of future generations to achieve the same level of natural, social and cultural resources enjoyed by the current generation. Waste: anything which, from one perspective and point in time, is no longer seen as useful to some set of practices. Something that might be considered waste from one perspective or at one time may be considered useful from another perspective or time. 4.0 MACROOM-e PROJECT MISSION STATEMENT.
  5. 5. •Establish a sustainable industrial environment in Macroom both with the existing industrial base and new locating enterprises in Environmental Industrial Park (EIP) •Develop a range of tools which, through the development the of this Voluntary Charter with the industrial base of the area, can be incorporated into the standard practice of these producers to lead them to greater efficiencies, enhanced economic performance, reduction in resource consumption and waste generation and a better overall environmental performance. 5.0 POLICY STATEMENT Macroom e aspires to sustainable development based on its three essential pillars – environmental improvement, economic wealth and social responsibility. It is the Policy of Macroom e to operate in a manner which propagates an integrated Environmental and Business sustainability for continuous improvement of environmental performance and economic growth of participating stakeholders. Excellence in integrated Environmental and Business sustainable development is essential to our continued success and is, therefore, a shared responsibility and a common goal for all stakeholders. GUIDING PRINCIPALS OF MACROOM-e 1. Will comply with environmental, health and safety laws and regulations and with Company standards and procedures established to protect human health and the environment. 2. Shall assess opportunities for integrated sustainable environmental business and Eco-efficiency within its activities and take steps to implement these for environmental and business development and growth. 3. Identify, develop and support business, product, process and marketing strategies based on utilisation of environmental tools to increase economic development, profitability and marketability of stakeholders and the Macroom district in an environmentally sustainable manner. 4. Initiate, encourage and support communication that will foster responsible environmental management and business development. 5. Ensure that all stakeholders have the knowledge, resources, incentive and authority to implement these guiding principals. 6. On an ongoing basis Macroom e will measure its adherence to these guiding principals and implement business support tools, programs and strategies to continually improve business and environmental sustainability and socio-economic development of the district of Macroom. 7. Support the principals of sustainable development and responsible environmental management in its use of energy and raw materials and in the design and operation of its facilities.
  6. 6. 6.0 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS. This section represents the framework components for the system of integrated business and environment implementation of which provides the basis of Macroom-e. PROJECT FRAMEWORK AND COMPONENTS 6.1 Macroom-e Policy. All signatories of the Macroom-e Charter shall comply with the requirements of the Macroom-e Policy. 6.2 Environmental Charter This Environmental Charter includes the Environmental Policy and defines the aims and structure of the project. It sets out the criteria for recognition of environmentally sustainable practices within businesses and also includes component sections detailing structure and responsibilities, training awareness and competence, communication, objectives and targets, environmental / business support programs, business support tools, sustainable business and environmental strategies, the audit system and steering committee project review. The company shall be a signatory to and comply with the requirements of the Macroom-e Charter. The company shall make resources available and commit to integrate the principals of environmental sustainability into business operations. These shall include; a. Application of environmental tools such as Design for Environment to products and services and Cleaner Technology methodology to operations and processes. b. Implement waste minimisation and resource utilisation reduction. c. Apply a metrics system to operations to enable compilation of data on resource utilisation, waste production and the cost of environment. Parameters to be monitored shall include power, water, waste generation, units of production and other metrics, which through review with the EIP Committee are deemed applicable to the companies operation. d. Facilitate audits to identify areas for improvement and opportunities in improving environmental and business sustainability. f. Allow for the use of project results in the transfer of the project methodology. g. Co-operate with Macroom e on the development of green marketing and business strategies. 6.3 Steering committee. The signatory company shall appoint a management representative to participate on the Steering Committee for Macroom-e.
  7. 7. The steering committee shall be comprised of representatives from stakeholders such as industry representatives, local authority and business and environmental experts. The committee will meet on a regular basis to review the project and the attainment of the objectives and targets. 6.4 Initial review The initial review of signatory companies shall facilitate identification of the stakeholders and produce a perspective of the environmental performance and opportunities for project development. The initial review shall also enable the project management to be completed and a metrics system to be designed and implemented. 6.5 Audit. Signatory companies shall as a means of identifying areas for business and environmental improvement, areas for application of environmental tools and cleaner production facilitate an audit of the companies operations. The audit process is central to the compilation of the objectives and targets upon which the environmental and business support programs for continual improvement are based. 6.6 Environmental and business support programs (ESBPs). The E.B.S.P’s shall be compiled with a view to meeting the objectives and targets set out by the Steering Committee and included in the Environmental Charter. The objectives and targets shall be set from review of the audit findings, workshop results, evaluation of environmental aspects and metrics, analysis of business and product development strategies, legislation review, communication submissions, and benchmarking of business opportunities. 6.7 Environmental tool development.
  8. 8. Business and environmental support tools such as Design for Environment and Life Cycle Assessment, Eco-efficiency, Clean Technology, Build for Durability, legislative tracking etc will be developed and applied to stakeholder companies. The audit system has been developed so as to interact with business strategies and environmental sustainability. This shall involve development of environmental accounting databases so as to ascertain the cost of environment and facilitate tracking of this cost for each of the stakeholder companies. 6.8 Metrics system A metrics system shall be developed for implementation at each of the stakeholder companies so as environmental performance and the cost of environment may be tracked. 6.9 Training and awareness program. Training programs shall be developed in areas such as Design for Environment, Life Cycle Analysis, Resource and Waste Management, Environmental Management Systems and Cleaner Production. These training programs will be given in workshops to the participants in the project. The workshops will also act as a conduit for development of the Environment and Business support programs. 6.10 Promotional literature Promotional literature shall be compiled to enable awareness of the project and its strategy, aims and objectives to be disseminated. 6.11 Environmental legislation / business opportunity interaction As future environmental legislation will impact on markets analysis of legislative trends shall be completed and applied to the stakeholders business strategy and products. 6.12 Standard environmental building and infrastructure requirements. Signatories shall apply Eco-design guidelines for buildings as set out in the section on Environmental Industrial Park. Building specifications for E.I.P buildings shall be included in the planning permission of all new buildings within the park. Signatory companies outside the E.I.P shall with the assistance of the Steering Committee of Macroom-e assess and where practicable implement and integrate Eco-design into buildings and company practices. 7.0 EXPECTED ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESULTS. 7.1 Economic The expected economic outcomes will be demonstrated ;
  9. 9. 1. Through the application of Cleaner Production methodologies companies will have improved process efficiencies which will have a direct financial payback. 2. Resource conservation and waste reduction will also have positive financial paybacks to companies. 3. It is envisaged that application of environmental tools will allow companies to examine their supply chain, make process and product changes and provide a tool for new product and services development. These actions will enable expansion of product marketing bases such as in promotion of “green products” as well as the developing new products with integrated environmental strategies. 4. Identification of Macroom as a centre of environmental excellence with a developed infrastructure of an integrated environmental and business support system will be advantageous both to Macroom and its hinterland in its socio-economic development and also to prospective industries setting up in the area. 5. Companies who sign up to the Environmental Charter will be able to utilise this in their marketing and customer relations. 6. Companies who partake in the program will gain valuable training and increase the management skills set. 7. Identification of environmental legislative trends and integration of these into market and product development will aid companies diversification. 8. Support of the gross margin and the environmental and business viability of the companies. 9. Support risk management and contingency planning of the companies. 7.2 Environmental Environmental improvements and outcomes shall be demonstrated by; 1. Raising business awareness of the substantial advantages of integrating environment into business operations and strategies. 2. Reduction of resource consumption and waste production through application of Cleaner Production methodologies and the environmental tools. 3. Production of greener products through environmentally sustainable processes. 4. Integration of environmental sustainability into the research and development programs of the companies. 5. Increasing consumer awareness of environmentally sustainable products and processes. 6. Improvement of the environmental management of the partaking companies. 7. Transferability of the project and tools to other areas and companies. 8. Identification of areas for improvement and development and formally setting up programs which companies can utilise for environmental improvement. 9. Environmental improvements will also be seen in Supply Chain Environmental Management as propagation of the project and the Environmental Charter will lead to an environmentally sustainable supply chain. Outcomes will be measured and evaluated based on the metrics system as well as on the level of implementation of Cleaner Production and the financial and operational advantages which companies report through the project.
  10. 10. 8.0 IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATION OF MACROOM-e 8.1 Steering committee The Steering Committee of Macroom-e shall be composed of stakeholders from the representative groups these shall include where applicable representatives from;  Companies participating in Macroom-e.  Companies resident in the Environmental Industrial Park.  Cork County Council Development Section.  Cork County Council Energy Office.  Cork County Council Environmental Department.  Macroom Town Council.  Clean Technology Centre.  Lee Valley Eco Label Project.  South Cork Enterprise Board.  Lee Valley Enterprise Board.  Private Consultants ( Environmental, Engineering, Architecture etc). 8.2 Structure and responsibility 8.2.a Steering committee.  It shall be the responsibility of the Steering Committee to ensure the implementation of the policy of Macroom-e and to maintain continual improvement, suitability and effectiveness of Macroom-e.  The Steering Committee shall elect a chairman, secretary and assign responsibilities to members of the committee.  The Steering Committee shall meet on a regular basis and all meetings and decisions taken shall be recorded and delegated.  The Steering Committee shall undertake review of each of the components of the General Requirements of this Charter and undertake actions to ensure the effectiveness of the Charter requirements. This review shall include the objectives and targets of the Environment and Business Support Programs . 8.2.b Charter Signatories. All Charter Signatories shall agree to comply with the requirements of this Charter. All signatories shall in order to comply with this Charter assign objectives and targets to each of their Environmental and Business Support Programs. These shall be in written form and reviewed by the Steering Committee on a regular basis. 8.3 Stakeholder review The Steering Committee and the Signatories of this Charter shall on an annual basis undertake a review of the effectiveness Macroom-e to ensure its continued suitability, adequacy and effectiveness. This review shall be documented and shall address the need for changes to the
  11. 11. Macroom-e policy, environmental tools, environmental and business support programs objectives and targets and management of the E.I.P. 8.4 Environmental Industrial Park. Signatory companies of the E.I.P shall in the design, construction and operation of E.I.P Buildings abide by the conditions of the planning permission for their respective E.I.P building. These conditions shall include construction specifications as set out in the J. Leahy and Associates report titled, An Environmental Industrial Complex For Eco-Park Macroom. The Steering Committee of Macroom –e shall decide at their discretion on the applicability of any such planning permission conditions on a case by case basis. These conditions shall include at a minimum; a) The company shall ensure that all timber used in the construction of the building shall be low gaseous emission and from environmentally sustainable sources. b) All water and electricity shall be metered and the company shall log and track consumption on a monthly basis for compilation of metrics. c) The company shall install mobility sensors and energy saving light bulbs throughout the office areas. d) A waste storage area with segregated waste storage for different wastes shall be installed and all surface water runoff from this area should discharge to the surface water feature. The company should also compile within 3 months of taking residence a waste management and waste minimisation plan. e) All surface water runoff from the waste storage area and the paved surface areas is to be diverted to the surface water feature. The surface water feature shall include a reed bed for treatment of surface water runoff, retainment of any spills and to provide water for fire fighting if needed. (This feature acts as a buffer should an incident occur and as such would limit surface water contamination.) f) The company shall landscape the areas adjacent to the building with native berry / fruit bearing trees and shrubs. The density, species and layout of planting should be agreed with the Steering Committee. g) The company shall provide for public environmental education tours of the building. h) Where economically practicable the company shall procure and use local sourced construction materials. i) The company shall provide an outdoor plaza area for employees which shall be integrated with the landscaping. j) The company shall construct a composting site for landscaping waste etc and practice composting / vermiculture. k) The company shall minimise hazardous materials in furniture, walls and carpeting to facilitate toxics reduction in the workplace.
  12. 12. l) All roof water shall be recovered and is to be used as grey water for toilets, washing floors etc. All urinals shall be fitted with sensors to only allow flushing once used. All toilet cisterns shall be of low water usage type. m) The company in its purchase of furniture shall apply design for durability. n) All electrical equipment shall be high efficiency. o) The company shall where practicable install in the building of the unit a solar water heating system. p) The company shall where practicable install a geothermal heating system for the heating of the office areas. q) All windows shall be double glazed but be capable of being opened to allow ventilation when required. r) The building shall where practicable incorporate south facing windows to allow for passive solar heating. s) The building roof shall where practicable incorporate north light roof lights to increase natural daylight and decrease the dependence on artificial lighting. t) Building shall be sufficiently insulated so as to optimise control of heat loss. 9.0 ENVIRONMENTAL TOOL DEVELOPMENT AND UTILISATION. Introduction. Macroom-e requires the implementation of environmental tools to generate a continuous improvement in business and environmental performance. These tools are recognised as business and environmental support mechanisms which have been proven globally to facilitate a process of integrated business and environmental improvement. The tools selected for incorporation into Macroom-e include; 1. An integrated Business and Environment Management System. 2. Design for Environment including a Life Cycle Assessment element. 3. Eco-efficiency including Clean Technology implementation. 9.1 Integrated Business and Environment Management System. The integrated business and environmental management systems forms the platform upon which the environmental tools are utilised. This system is specified in the General Requirements. The Integrated business and environmental development shall assess through the audit and review scheme ;  Identify and seek to mitigate environmental aspects of business and community activities. (infrastructure, products, resource consumption, waste management.)  Identify cost benefit aspects of improved environmental sustainability and incorporate
  13. 13. these into business operations.  Identify legislative controls and ascertain opportunities for signatories based on legislative trends and future environmental legislation .  Review the implementation of objectives and targets in accordance with the policy of Macroom-e.  Review the appropriateness of the environment and business support programs to this Charter. 9.2 Design for Environment (DfE) Design for Environment incorporates a life cycle review of a product so that environmental considerations may be incorporated into the life cycle, product design or the manufacturing process. Macroom-e utilises a methodological approach to the incorporation of DfE into signatories operations. The DfE process outlined within this Charter forms the basis upon which the DfE system shall be built. Additional tools such as matrices, checklists, workshops and a consultative resource system shall be developed by Macroom-e to support the signatories in the effective utilisation of DfE for improved business and environmental sustainability. The DfE process involves the following steps which signatory companies shall utilise to implement DfE within their operations. 9.2.a Training, awareness and promotion of DfE. In order for an organisation to be competent in the utilisation of DfE competent personnel are required within the organisation with an understanding of the principals of DfE. In order for the DfE program to succeed senior management needs to be committed to its implementation and to the allotment of resources such as personnel and time. Macroom –e will support the training awareness and promotion of DfE within the participating companies through the provision of training tools and consultative resources. 9.2.b Analyse opportunities- Review products and markets Signatory companies shall;  Investigate the product development process within the company and the product market and incentives for adopting design for environment within the company.  Identify drivers behind product design for example are product specifications driven by engineering or marketing.  Identify individuals in the company product development process.  Research the product market and the competitive climate  Review future environmental regulations which may affect the market or the product. 9.2.c Resources. Assessment should be completed of the capability of the internal resources of the company to support DfE. Information should be compiled on existing management systems that can support inclusion of DfE into company operations. Personnel should be identified who can take a lead role in the integration of DfE into the company operations such as research and development, marketing and the quality areas.
  14. 14. 9.2.d Identification of Design for Environment opportunities The company shall list which products may be applicable to application of design for environment. These products may be at the research and development stage, be currently on the market but under commercial, legislative or technical pressure or indeed the product and marketing may directly benefit through application of DfE. Attention should also be given to the product process within the areas of improvement of resource consumption e.g. power, water, raw materials, toxics substitution and packaging redesign. 9.2.e Identification of Design for Environment benefits. In assessment of the of the benefits four main areas shall be assessed, these are; 1. Identify and quantitate the cost of implementation of the DfE initiatives and the potential cost benefit. 2. Identify points to ways in which the product may need to change to comply with future regulatory requirements. This is particularly important with respect to future marketing of the product in regulated markets. 3. Market research should be completed to determine if there are potential benefits from DfE such as marketing a Green Product as a means of differentiating the product. 4. Benchmark DfE initiatives undertaken or planned by competitors. 9.2.f Integrated DfE and Business Strategy Companies in association with Macroom –e will examine the companies business strategy and identify synergetic strategies for the integration of DfE and Business Plans. This process will build on;  DfE skill set development within the companies.  Analysis of the DfE opportunities  The existing Business development plan.  Opportunities identified for application of DfE  Identification of environmental and economic advantages of application of a DfE program. 9.2.g Application of Design for Environment tools to the selected products. Companies in association with Macroom-e will apply the environmental tools to the products selected in integrating DfE and Business strategy. These tools will facilitate the undertaking of a simple Life cycle and DfE assessment. The objectives of which will be to;  Identify significant environmental impacts, inputs and outputs of the product throughout its life cycle  Identify areas where material substitution or product redesign can result in significant environmental performance improvement or reduced impact.  Identify process changes which may reduce resource utilisation or waste production.  Identify areas where Cleaner Technology may be applied.  Identify areas where financial expenditure has been increased through poor environmental performance and non application of DfE. The results of these assessments will be used to formulate the Environmental and Business
  15. 15. Support Programs (EBSPs) 9.2.h Design for Environment and Business Support Programs. Companies will utilise EBSPs for the development of products this may for example involve;  Designing or redesigning a product.  Completing process or management procedural changes which improve product or process efficiency.  Putting in place programs to compile information on product life cycle performance.  Formulation of marketing strategies. 9.2.i Product development. Completion of the previous section of DfE allows for the development of the product. To allow for optimum development the company shall; Incorporate into the product and / or the business development plan of the company the strategies to be pursued. For instance is there a need for new suppliers or raw materials to be sourced. Does packaging need to redesigned. Should the marketing strategy be changed. These all need to be addressed to optimise development and sales of the product. The company should also detail the design including environmental performance parameters, constituents and design parameters which set the product apart from other similar products. If applicable the company should utilise this information and seek to patent the product. 9.2.j Product marketing. It is critical that the company capitalises on the value added component that the DfE process brings to the product through its marketing strategy. The DfE process will have resulted in the assimilation of environmental performance criteria. This criteria to be utilised in marketing the product must be credible, accurate and substantiated through the DfE process. Application of this DfE process when coupled with performance metrics of the companies production process and product performance allows for the comparison of the product against competitors products. This information should be directly incorporated into the marketing of the product. The company may also utilise this information in the education of customers and the expansion of the market base of the product. 9.2.k Continual improvement through evaluation and modification. No market is stable, as such product development and the DfE process is a cyclic process of continuous improvement through evaluation and modification of the product, the business and the marketing strategies. The company should install a feedback process whereby internal personnel or external customers may communicate product deficiencies, unidentified environmental aspects (both positive and negative), product design modifications, process changes or proposals for business and marketing strategies. This process may be integrated into any existing Quality Management System (QMS) which operates within the company. Full utilisation of the internal company metrics performance system and data on product performance should be made in the evaluation of the environmental performance of the product, process and company environmental performance. This should be fully considered when evaluating the product to ascertain if modifications are required to product or process.
  16. 16. The company should on a regular basis evaluate with Macroom-e that the objectives and targets of the Environment and Business Support Programs have been met. 9.3 Eco-efficiency including Cleaner Technology implementation. Signatory companies shall seek to assess and implement through the Environment and Business Support Programs a system of Eco-efficiency. This system shall integrate with the DfE process and shall seek to implement measures which shall minimise resources, waste and power in the products and processes of the companies. The Eco-efficiency process shall involve the application of Cleaner Technologies and methodologies for the improvement of process efficiencies, reduction of resource utilisation and waste minimisation. Environment and Business Support Programs may be formulated under the following headings. 9.3.a Reduction in material utilisation. Companies shall examine processes to evaluate if material consumption may be reduced, if more sustainable materials are available, if wastes materials may be recovered and reused and if the product may be recovered or reused. 9.3.b Reduction in energy utilisation. Companies shall review the potential for reduction of energy consumption by direct means and through utilisation of alternate materials and processes which are less energy intensive, through more efficient raw material production, less energy intensive distribution of product and ultimately in the energy efficient end fate of the product. The review shall also consider the utilisation of energy in the Companies shall also assess the potential for energy recovery and reuse. 9.3.c Toxics reduction Companies shall endeavour and implement programs to reduce and substitute with non-toxic components the toxic components of all raw materials, products and waste materials. Where toxic materials are utilised or produced through the end fate of the product or wastes their dispersion into the environment shall be evaluated and minimised. 9.3.d Recyclability. Companies shall review the recovery and recycling potential of all wastes and the production processes of wastes with a view to increasing this potential for recovery and recycling. The end fate of wastes shall be examined to give the most cost effective and environmentally compatible means of elimination, reduction, recovery or disposal. Through the DfE process products shall be reviewed with the aim of increasing the potential for recovery and recycling of all or component parts of the product. Companies shall evaluate if recovered or recycled materials may be utilised as a substitute for virgin raw materials. All packaging shall be evaluated in order to increase its recovery, reuse or recycling potential. 9.3.e Renewable resources.
  17. 17. Companies shall through the process of Life Cycle Analysis and DfE ascertain if renewable resources may be utilised as raw materials, in production processes or in office areas. Companies shall incorporate into their purchasing procedures a means purchasing renewable resource materials where competitive with non-renewable resources. 9.3.f Review potential for extending product durability. Companies shall assess if durability of the products, processes and materials may be extended. 9.3.g Review the product use. Companies shall ascertain if the usage of the product may be improved through more effective use and if the environmental impact of the ultimate fate of the product may be minimised through improved disposal or return programs. 10.0 Performance evaluation. Macroom-e supports a cyclic improvement process which through review between the Steering Committee and the Signatory Companies facilitates continued evolution of the development of environmental and business sustainability. In order to evaluate progress and continual improvement with the Charter of Macroom-e the following systems shall be utilised. 10.1 Metrics system. A metrics system shall be implemented in each participating company to track usage of materials, energy, water and other consumables. The metrics system shall also track the cost of wastes, energy and waster. Metrics systems shall be designed to apply suitably to the operations, processes and products of each company and use shall be made to proportioning the tracked parameters to units produced, expenditure, production run time or other unit allowing historical tends for comparison to be compiled. 10.2 Cost of environment The metrics system shall be utilised to integrate with the financial management of the company. Costs shall be ascertained and assigned to raw materials wasted, cost of waste treatment and disposal, water, power, labour requirements for environmental activities, packaging utilisation, distribution of product, product take-back and recovery operations and the cost of complying with environmental management and legislative requirements. The cost of environment shall be integrated into the financial metrics system of the company where it shall be utilised in product and process cost evaluation allowing for business strategies for new product development and existing product and process modifications to be evaluated. 10.3 Continuous improvement through integrated business and environmental audit. A business and environmental auditing system in accordance with IS EN ISO 14011 , Guidelines for Environmental Auditing shall be implemented in each signatory company. This shall involve development of an audit protocol and the completion of the audits shall be facilitated by Macroom-e. Macroom –e shall agree an audit schedule with each signatory
  18. 18. company and provide an audit report to each company upon completion of the audit. The audit protocol shall examine the integration of business and environmental through the application of the policy and the contents of this Charter. Audit findings shall be confidential and remain the property of the signatory company and Macroom-e.