Bridging the Digital Divide
 Through an E-business
  Development Strategy

            Zhongzhou Li
          Officer-in-C...
This presentation
•   E-business: what changes?
•   Digital opportunities
•   National E-commerce strategies
•   UNCTAD’s ...
E-business: What changes?
• ICT applications to business are a major
  factor in the globalisation of the
  economy
• ICT ...
Digital opportunities
• Productivity and competitiveness, new
  markets, new sectors
• Changes in industries of specific
 ...
The Costa Rican case

                  75'000
                  60'000
        US$ 000




                  45'000

    ...
The Indian case
                                                                                                          ...
National e-business
           strategies
Developing countries need to put in place
  national strategies to:
• Raise awar...
Designing e-strategies
• They should be integrated in the overall
  national economic development
  strategy
• Adapted to ...
Basics of e-business
           strategies
• Adapt legal framework: trust and security,
  IPRs, consumer protection, priva...
UNCTAD’s initiative
  on e-commerce strategies
       for development
• Global policy dialogue on e-strategies
• Regional ...
E-business in the WSIS
• E-business should received more attention in
  the preparations for WSIS
• E-business, essential ...
E-business issues for the
      Plan of Action (I)
• Support design and implementation of
  national e-business strategies...
E-business issues for the
      Plan of Action (II)
• Support for development and
  implementation of ICT applications in
...
Conclusion
• The contribution of ICT to economic
  development should be a key component of
  the outcome of WSIS
• Nation...
Thank you
      E-commerce and Development Reports
                 2002, 2001 and 2000
             can be freely downloa...
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Bridging the Digital Divide Through an E-business Development ...

  1. 1. Bridging the Digital Divide Through an E-business Development Strategy Zhongzhou Li Officer-in-Charge Division for Services Infrastructure and Trade Efficiency
  2. 2. This presentation • E-business: what changes? • Digital opportunities • National E-commerce strategies • UNCTAD’s initiatives • E-business in the WSIS • Elements of a plan of action
  3. 3. E-business: What changes? • ICT applications to business are a major factor in the globalisation of the economy • ICT enhances productivity and competitiveness, abroad and at home • ICT helps emerge new ways to organize enterprises and to interact with outside players: new forms of collaboration
  4. 4. Digital opportunities • Productivity and competitiveness, new markets, new sectors • Changes in industries of specific interest to developing countries: e- tourism, e-services • Business process outsourcing • Examples of Costa Rica and India
  5. 5. The Costa Rican case 75'000 60'000 US$ 000 45'000 30'000 15'000 - 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 S o urc e : Balance of Payments Department, Central Bank of Costa. Rica Exports of computer-related services
  6. 6. The Indian case 16.3 14.0 10.8 7.8 5.0 2.4 3.3 7780 1.9 6217 3962 1759 2600 754 1100 489 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 2E 94- 95- 96- 97- 98- 99- 00- 1 -0 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 200 US $ m illion Share of India's total Exports (%) Software and services exports
  7. 7. National e-business strategies Developing countries need to put in place national strategies to: • Raise awareness about e-business, its benefits and requirements • Create an enabling environment for e- business: access, regulations, payments… • Build capacity and skills for the digital economy
  8. 8. Designing e-strategies • They should be integrated in the overall national economic development strategy • Adapted to local needs and context, but • Based on international best practice • Strategies should be technology-neutral and based on effective competition.
  9. 9. Basics of e-business strategies • Adapt legal framework: trust and security, IPRs, consumer protection, privacy • Competiton in support services: telecom, payments • Education and training • E-government: incentives, transparency • Benchmark and monitor: develop internationally comparable indicators • Participate in international discussions with potential impact on commercial uses of ICT
  10. 10. UNCTAD’s initiative on e-commerce strategies for development • Global policy dialogue on e-strategies • Regional high-level seminars to generate awareness and political support for e- commerce strategies for development • Indentify and share best practices • Build broad international consensus about the role of e-business in bridging the digital divide
  11. 11. E-business in the WSIS • E-business should received more attention in the preparations for WSIS • E-business, essential for the benefits of ICT to spread across developing economies • E-business helps overcome traditional limitations to competitiveness and forge new trade links • E-business can help economic diversification: new e-services • Adopting e-business makes developing economies more attractive to FDI
  12. 12. E-business issues for the Plan of Action (I) • Support design and implementation of national e-business strategies • Support benchmarking and monitoring of e-business adoption • Support adaptation of legal framework • Support participation in international discussions on e-business
  13. 13. E-business issues for the Plan of Action (II) • Support for development and implementation of ICT applications in sectors of specific interest to developing countries • Support the adoption of e-government applications which enhance business efficiency
  14. 14. Conclusion • The contribution of ICT to economic development should be a key component of the outcome of WSIS • National strategies are needed to address bottlenecks and to realize the potential of e- business in developing countries • The WSIS should set the course for international support for e-business strategies for development
  15. 15. Thank you E-commerce and Development Reports 2002, 2001 and 2000 can be freely downloaded at www.unctad.org/ecommerce or http://r0.unctad.org/ecommerce/ecommer ce_en/edr02_en.htm Contact: Zhongzhou.li@unctad.org

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