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Bms dissertation lecture oct 2013
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Bms dissertation lecture oct 2013


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  • Welcome and intros.
  • How to develop an effective search strategy – finding info for a literature reviewThe range of resources available and how to use them to find good quality and relevant informationEvaluating information for quality and relevance
  • April may seem a long time away but there’s a lot to do!
  • They’re looking for primary research to review/appraise. Need data to analyse (although review articles also useful)Evidence of comp. Literature search – should make a good effort and detail it in methodology.Range and quality of references, current and relevant, including evidence of authoritative sources used. Use of correct referencing style, including in-text referencing.
  • E.g. Comparing two treatments for a condition – would need to do several searches.PICO – may help to narrow the search, e.g. looking at one particular outcome, one population.What exactly do you want to include/exclude – methods, populations studied etc. This can be applied later when reviewing the search results.
  • EXAMPLE: The role of bacterial infection in tumour developmentHowyour keywords are combined to make your search effective.Searching for article on X AND YSearching for articles about x OR y OR zHelpful for writing up strategy
  • So far we’ve looked at:Developing a search strategyComing up with useful keywords
  • MDX cookie for off site access – set this on your home computer, laptop etc
  • Google [ordinary search]Familiar and easy to useFinds too much informationFast resultsAccess from any computerAccess to some books and journalsDesigned to sell you things eg. shoesSearch results sponsored…no accident that Wikipedia, Amazon etc at top of search resultsSearches for info from any sourcePay for academic informationSummonEasy to useFinds lots of academic infoFast resultsAccess from any computerAccess to lots of books and journalsDesigned to find you information: up-to-date, focussed/specificSearch results by relevanceSearches quality resources eg. Peer reviewed journal articles, conference proceedings , research etcFree access to full text ie. Information not freely available elsewhere
  • Who’s used Google Scholar before?Better than Google and some good results if you can see what’s available at Middlesex and are logged into UniHub before you start
  • Setting up your library links allows you to see what’s available to you as a MU student
  • But you’ll need to be logged in through My UniHub (My Study-My Library) so that you can access Full Text @ Middlesex resources as a student
  • Abbreviations
  • Variant spellings
  • Don’t bother with Linked full text - will exclude useful articles you can access...see next slide
  • You will need to write this up as part of methods section – no. Of results, filtering limits etc.Can set up alertsAs well as data methodology – software, statistical test etc
  • Inter Library Loan serviceSCONUL Access SCONUL Access Scheme provides reciprocal access and borrowing rights for staff and students to approximately 170 universities and research institutions in the UK.Other libraries (specialist, catalogues etc):British Library COPAC is a catalogue that gives access to the merged online catalogues of members of the Consortium of University Research Libraries (CURL). Search25 across higher education library catalogues in the London area in one search, including journals in the Union List of Serials (ULS).SUNCAT SUNCAT, a union catalogue of serials (journals) for the UK, is a tool for locating serials held in UK libraries. More information: from LibGuide) (info from UniHub)
  • Also ‘Accessing e-resources’ guide.Referencing and Plagiarism guide includes information on how to reference material correctly.Also information about Plato, LDU support and links to helpsheets.Referencing tutorials available on request.BMS SubjectGuide bring together all the resources for your subject area.
  • Appointments available in December and January
  • Transcript

    • 1. Researching the dissertation BI03330 http:// / study / library
    • 2. Today we will look at... • Planning an effective search strategy • Using the databases and other resources effectively • Identifying and accessing relevant journal articles
    • 3. Planning • Be the early bird! • Start gathering your literature as early as you can • Time to deal with the unexpected and seek guidance
    • 4. Getting started... • What do I need to find? • How and where am I going to find the information? • How do I know if the information is good quality?
    • 5. Dissertation marking criteria Analysis What do you need to find? Where will you find it? • Appraisal of primary research sources demonstrates understanding of the methodology and/or theory What keywords will you use? Referencing and Citation • Evidence of a comprehensive literature search which draws on relevant and up to date references • Correctly formatted and accurate citation style throughout the text and in the Bibliography Range and quality of references, evidence that authoritative sources used In-text referencing and use of standard referencing style
    • 6. Planning your search Think about: • Areas of interest • Keywords • Scope of subject
    • 7. Keywords • Define your question – what do you want to know? What are the main concepts? • Identify significant keywords • Identify related terms • Identify broader and narrower concepts • Watch out for spelling & terminology, e.g. UK/US, abbreviations
    • 8. For example... • A topic from last year: “Chances of congenital malformation with the exposure of pregnant women to phenobarbital” • Synonyms: birth defects, congenital abnormalities, phenobarbitone • Related terms: pregnancy complications, risks • Broader terms: Anti-epileptic drugs • US/UK – fetal/foetal outcome
    • 9. A literature search • Start off with a broad review of the literature - should help to develop your ideas and your search strategy. • Having defined / narrowed your search topic, you can then focus on the research / literature that can contribute to your work. • Searching the literature can help you to piece together a picture of the network of citations and then identify the core works to review. • You may need to “kiss a lot of frogs”!
    • 10. The PICO model • Patient / population / problem • Intervention • Comparison • Outcome
    • 11. Brainstorm
    • 12. Planning your search
    • 13. Sources to search • Databases • Summon • Google Scholar • Individual journals specific to your topic
    • 14. Key databases for BMS literature • Medline Database of international biomedical literature • PubMed … + Some full text • Science Citation Index The leading science and technical journals • Science Direct Full-text science journals
    • 15. Summon • Simple database useful as a starting point • Will cross search library resources: books, journal databases, newspaper articles • Remember - NOT subject specific
    • 16. Google vs Summon Google Summon • Familiar and easy to use • Easy to use • Finds too much information • Finds lots of academic info • Fast results • Fast results • Access from any computer • Access from any computer • Access to some books and journals • Access to lots of books and journals • Designed to sell you things • Designed to find you information • Search results sponsored • Search results by relevance • Searches for info from any source • Searches quality resources • Pay for academic information • Free access to full text
    • 17. Better...Google Scholar
    • 18. From Settings, set up your Library Links
    • 19. Ensure you are logged into UniHub to access Full Text @ Middlesex
    • 20. Finding resources myUniHub > My Study > My Library > Summon Use these links to access resources
    • 21. A few search tips... • Search for phrases: (“”) e.g. “polycystic ovarian syndrome” • Broaden your search: (*) e.g. vaccin* (finds vaccine, vaccination, vaccinated)
    • 22. A few search tips... • Widen your search e.g. vaccination OR immunization • Narrow your search e.g. tetanus AND vaccine
    • 23. Limiting your search • Date • Population studied – age, gender? • Type of article / study • Human/animal
    • 24. Keeping track of your searches
    • 25. Citation searching • Allows you to move forwards and backwards in the literature • Use Google Scholar, Summon or Science Citation Index
    • 26. Accessing full text • If using Summon or Science Direct, make sure you have ticked / selected the appropriate limits. • Check the library catalogue – Journal A-Z for Journal title • In MEDLINE, „Check library holdings‟ will do this for you • Check Google Scholar for links to open access papers
    • 27. Access troubleshooting • For best results, set the Middlesex cookie • myUniHub > My Study > My Library • Athens login = UniHub login • N.B. If Middlesex isn‟t mentioned on the screen, choose Alternative login • Troubleshooting guide on library subject pages: esources
    • 28. But it’s not in the Library! • Inter Library Loans • Sconul Access • British Library • Institutional repositories • • More information:
    • 29. Library Subject Guides myUniHub > My Study > My Library > Library Subject Guides ences
    • 30. Previous dissertations • Available to consult in the library • Search the library catalogue for “Biomedical dissertation” to see the full list • Request and collect from the UniHelp desk
    • 31. Referencing • It is vital that your work is properly referenced and you have full bibliographic details of all resources used. • Keep a note of the details as you go along! • RefWorks reference management software available
    • 32. Be an early bird • 1:1 appointments available with your Liaison Librarian here: • alisonrandall#
    • 33. Need further help? Your Librarians are : Alison Randall Adam Edwards Ask a Librarian