Academic Honesty Storyboard Margaret Girgis & Alison Hunt LIS408 User Instruction FOR CLASS USE ONLY
General Idea <ul><li>The main problem: </li></ul>Students have no intrinsic reason to cite sources; it is an imposed requirement that costs time and effort. <ul><li>Students in their late teens are VERY motivated to avoid looking like idiots, at least in front of peers. </li></ul><ul><li>These students also view things through a social lens. </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of this tutorial is to shift students’ ideas, by describing research as a conversation—in essence, an extension of their own social lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism, then, is a problem that can be portrayed in terms of teenage social interactions. </li></ul>
Flirty girl walks by, guy eyes her and his girlfriend gets mad, while guy holding soccer ball watches in background So, I'm boring you now! Well, if you don't trust me, forget it. It's over. Don't worry…I've already forgotten!
Friend approaches Soccer Ball guy… Hey, dude. What was that about?
Soccer Ball guy lipsynchs conversation between the boy and the girl…their voices are what is heard. While Soccer Boy lipsynchs, he switches between the girl & boy by clipping on hairbow (for girl) and putting baseball cap on then off (for boy), or by having their likenesses/voice appear with his face repeating their words. Narrator jumps in: “When you use someone else’s words, it sounds weird and looks wrong. Other people notice. Let’s try this again…” So, I'm boring you now! Well, if you don't trust me, forget it. It's over. Don't worry…I've already forgotten! Uhm…OK. That's just weird. Are you feeling alright?
Soccer Ball guy sums up the conversation in his own words. He makes it clear who said what and adds some of his own information. Narrator: “When you are clear about who said what, and use your own words and ideas as much as possible, it really does explain things a lot better.” Hey, dude. What was that about? Well, Angel looked like he was really into Mala. Then Keisha got mad at him. Now he thinks she doesn’t trust him, so he’s mad, too. They sort of sound like they might be breaking up. Angel’s got a second job now, and Keisha’s just always after him to spend time with her… Yeah. I guess you could see that coming.
Narrator: “What does this have to do with writing a paper? Well, doing research is really just listening to what other people say. And writing a paper is explaining things to your teachers, classmates or coworkers.” Soccer guy throws out his question and a crowd of arguing people emerges from the library stacks; soccer guy picks three people to give him some information. So I have to write about whether we should celebrate Columbus day… Can anyone tell me anything about Columbus Day?
Soccer guy choses three people from the crowd. He gets information from a teacher lady with a textbook, an Italian-looking guy with moustache and a professor type with a bowtie. Columbus Day was established in 19?? by an Act of Congress to…. In my Sons of Italy blog, I say that Columbus is the greatest American hero who ever lived! The imperialist explorer decimated indigenous populations and cultures….
The three sources disappear as a teaching assistant approaches Soccer Ball guy… Hey, how’s the project going? What do you have for your paper so far?
Like before, soccer ball guy just lipsynchs to the voices of the other people. He also puts on their signature items (textbook, moustache, bowtie) or uses their likenesses/voices along with his face again. Columbus Day was established in 19?? by an Act of Congress. He is the greatest American hero who ever lived! The imperialist explorer decimated indigenous populations and cultures….
Just like your friends, your teachers can pretty much tell when you don't sound or act like yourself. Narrator: “What can Kevin do?” Well, that’s interesting but doesn’t really sound like you…by the way, where's your soccer ball?
Narrator: “Well, Kevin has to tell his teacher where he got any information that is not his own. If he uses other people's exact words, he has to quote the words. Kevin can always put their information in his own words, but he still has to give credit.” List of Sources: Kay, Emma. American History Today. Praeger Publishers, 2007. Sons of Italy. www.sonsofitaly.org Blogpost. December 29, 2008 Tenerife, Stone. 2010. The Death of the Americas. Journal of Critical History. Vol. 3 No. 2. pp 171-382. Narrator: “To give credit to his sources, or ‘cite’ his sources, Kevin includes a Bibliography or List of Sources at the end of his paper. His teacher will tell him how to write the credits, using one of several citation styles. Sometimes the teacher will ask for footnotes or notes in the paper itself. Here are a few quick tips to get started.” Columbus Day has been a national holiday since 19??. Italian-Americans are very proud of him, and some even say he is " is the greatest American hero who ever lived." But other people say Columbus helped destroy native Americans.
Info Organization Why? - helps keep sources organized - quick reference to your ideas as you work How? - by hand: notes on paper or note cards ; bookmarked and highlighted pages - electronically: refWorks and other citation software(list at least one more citation software)
Paraphrasing: Use Caution! Why? - dangerous because you must be just as careful to cite as if you used their words verbatim. Remember: Authenticity!!! How? - Work on your paper in sections; think out and address ideas one at a time to keep your own mind clear and minimize the chance of even “accidental” copying of thoughts and words. -use MLA, APA, or other guidelines consistently to address paraphrasing and get to tips on how to appropriately incorporate outside info into your work. Remember “When in doubt, don't”-Benjamin Franklin, http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/b/benjaminfr119121.html , accessed 06/19/11
WHERE TO GET INFO TO HELP YOU WRITE RIGHT AND CITE RIGHT IN CLASS -Talk to your professor or TA. They may have handouts or specific information to assist you. OUT AND ABOUT ON CAMPUS -Stop at the library. The librarians and the writing lab can assist you with your writing and citation issues FROM HOME OR DORM --MLA (PURDUE OWL) -APA -Chicago Manual of Style -etc.
Mention of the style guide is followed by a screen shot of the library website, with citation information, then back to the action: Great first draft, Kevin. For your final paper, I like the MLA citation style. You can go to the library website or talk to a librarian to get the MLA style guide.
Narrator: Being honest about your work keeps the conversation real. You are connecting real people and real ideas--including your own ideas. When you write this way, you get ideas across in a big way. They will have more power, meaning and impact for others. Because people know what you say is for real. By the way, I had no idea that Tenerife wrote about this topic. I met him last year at a conference. Thanks for telling me about his article. I'm going to look it up this afternoon, using the information you gave me…
Activity to follow presentation: Being Yourself Outcome: Students get a visceral feeling for the difference between appropriating someone else’s words and staying true to their own expression. Divide students into two groups Have students in each group pair up and ask each other the following questions: <ul><ul><li>What's your name? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where are you from? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the most exciting thing that goes on in your hometown? </li></ul></ul>Allow 3 minutes or so for this interaction, then have half of each of each group switch places (to allow each person to have a new partner). Have the redivided groups repeat the exercise, only allowing students to parrot back what their previous partners told them (i.e., they are assuming their former partners’ identities). Here they can ONLY use the words used by their previous partners. (allow the same amount of time) (plagiarizing) Repeat the exercise allowing students to ask each other about what they know of their previous partners (rather than trying to be their previous partners). (authentic/original content) Result: Students should find that they feel much more comfortable, spend a lot less effort and get a more positive reaction when they put things in their own words.