IMPERIALISM What is Imperialism? European nation’s attempt and success in colonizing as many areas in Africa and Asia as possible for the sole benefit of their home nation. The seizure of a country or territory by a stronger country In the case of Africa, the European nations dominated all aspects of the weaker countries including politics, economics and the social lives of the people.
FACTORS PROMOTINGIMPERIALISM Technology, new weapons, new steam ships, railroads. Africans susceptible to disease, Europeans had quinine for malaria. Europeans played off African rivalries on one another and kept them from becoming unified.
THE DIVISION OF AFRICA The Berlin Conference of 1884 – Fear of War Main purpose to lay down rules for the division of Africa 14 European countries African rulers were not invited to the conference European countries wanted to establish colonies because of Raw materials Diamonds, gold, copper, tin, cash-crops (peanuts, palm oil, cocoa, rubber)
RESISTANCE Zulu fight the Britisho-Shaka the leader of the Zulu formed a welltrained army in an effort to create a bigger state.o-His successors failed to continue his strengthsand British invaders moved in.o-The Zulu bravely fought the British using spearsand shields but eventually were defeated by theBritish weapons at the battle of Ulundi.o-By 1887, the Zulu had fallen under Britishdomination.
THE BOER WARS The Boers were Dutch settlers (farmers) who had arrived in Africa in the 1600’s. They built large farms through the 1800’s until the British arrived. In the 1830’s, they moved north to escape British rule in what is called The Great Trek. The Zulu then found themselves fighting the Zulu and other tribes whose lands they were taking.
THE BOER WARS When diamond was discovered in the late 1890’s. the British sought to create a rebellion. The Boers fought back against the British using guerilla tactics, Britain burned much of the Boer lands in retaliation. The British used concentration camps and killed over 14,000 Africans were killed here. By 1910, the Boers were defeated and the union of South Africa was formed under British rule.
THE EFFECTS OF COLONIAL RULE Negative Positive African people lost their land, Reduced local wars their independence, their Improved sanitation cultures and thousands of lives (due to either disease or Provided hospitals and war). schools Increased life expectancy and literacy rates Division of the continent; Economic growth boundaries created by African products became Europeans posed several valued on the international problems that are still market present today. Although these are all positives, for the most part, they only benefited European business interests.
ASSIGNMENT Individually, you will label a map of Africa. You will be labeling the countries, bodies of water and landmarks. After labeling the map, you will then color code it according to which European nation had control of each area. Use the map on page 361