Girls, Sports, and College Alisia Ketchum Gender Roles March 16, 2009
Background When girls enter adolescent their IQ and self-esteem drop Girls participate at a much lower rate than boys in sport activities The Educational Act of 1972 was to stop sexual discrimination in public schools, including equal funding for sports Girls still report that they believe more funding is given to male sports 24.5% of boys reported playing sports was a positive thing about being a boy whereas girls reported it as a negative thing about being a girl 1/3 to ½ girls reported that they did not participate in physical activity other than the required physical education
Positive Benefits for Girls to Play Sports Higher Self-Esteem Supportive Peer Relationships Lower Rates of Sexual Activity Enhanced Social Skills Higher Academic Achievements Less Likely to Use Drugs, Alcohol, or Smoke Positive Attitudes on Life
Hypothesis Girls that participate in high school sports have higher self-esteem rates that will motivate them to attend college.
Methods A survey method was used to gather information from 50 high school girls. Random girls were asked to participate. Participants were found at the local mall, movie theater, and the grocery store. I also received help from a girl that attends Capital High School. She was instructed to ask girls from all different social group, not just her friends. What School Do You Attend? What Grade Are You In? Do You Play Sports? If Yes Please List Do You Plan On Attending College? If Yes, Right After High School? Do Your Parents Encourage You To Play Sports? Do Your Parents Encourage You To Go To College? In A Scale 1-10 How Would You Rate Your Self-Esteem?
ResultsDiversity of Girls
Final Results Girls that rated their self-esteem 5 and under 35.7% played sports and 71.4% said they plan to attend college right after high school. Girls that rated their self-esteem over 5 played sports 48.4% and 71% plan to attend college after high school.
Conclusion My results do not support my hypothesis Girls did report higher self esteem that played sports but their was very little change if they wanted to attend college right after high-school Some girls may have been more academic even though not involved in sports, therefore would still want to go to college and lack of social activities could effect self-esteem There could have been some problems with having girls measure their own self-esteem, they may have changed their results if they thought their friends would see
Encouraging Equality Teachers can encourage equality by having the same expectations for both boys and girls to participate in the classroom and after school activities. This would show students that boys and girls are more similar than different. Parents also need to treat their daughters and sons equally. They should both be encouraged to be active and healthy.
References Kimmel, Michael. 2008. The Gendered Society. Third Edition. New York. New York Oxford Zittleman, Karen. 2006. Being a Girl and Being a Boy: Voices of a Middle Schooler. Paper presented at the Annual American Educational Research Association