Strategies about successful listening and speaking skills Assignment

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Strategies about successful listening and speaking skills Assignment

Strategies about successful listening and speaking skills Assignment

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  • 1. Strategies about successful listening and speaking skills In day to day life proper listening and well speaking is most important part of our education because without these both things we cannot get our destination or aim of life or goal of life. Following are some tips to improve your speaking and listening.  Speaking: Speaking is an important part of our personality. Therefore we should try to improve our speaking .In School,Home or office we spend much time in speaking. Because most of us speak much more than we write, we are judged more by our speaking or speech than our writing, No doubt it is a great and important part of our success. Following are some of the Strategies for improving speaking, 1 > PREPARE WELL A skilled speaker has tremendous advantage over others. You must know what to say. Do your homework. If youare wellprepared, the listeners will feel satisfied. This thing will add to yourrespect andreputation. 2 > CREATE A POSITIVE IMPRESSION Effective speaking contains many things other than words. The proper atmosphere is the first essential step. The place should be neat, well lighted, well ventilated and free from disturbances. An impression is the sum total of many factors, such as dress, posture, facial expressions, manners etc. Proper care should be given to all these factors 3 > ORGANIZE LOGICALLY If you are going tospeak about a person,idea or event etc. . . .Think carefully about what is involved. Your audience will understand you best if the ideas are presented in a good order. Put yourself in theposition of a person who does not know the subject. Decide what he will need to know first . If you present ideas in an order, your listener will beable to understand easily. 4 > BE INTERESTING Too many speakers are satisfied merely to present the information. It is the duty of the speaker to make the speech interesting. Especially important is an interesting opening. You may have noticed that very young children seldom talk together; rather they talk at each other. Avoid this thing. Guide the people by intelligence,humor, and courtesy.
  • 2. 5 > SPEAK CLEARLY You must speak very clearly. Learn some ways of improving voice and speech skills. The clearness with which you speak depends greatly upon how you utter words. If your voice is pleasing to others, it has a warm quality and is free from unwantedsounds. Make sureyou can be heard easily. 6 > ESTABLISH EYE CONTACT Eye contact plays a vital role in speech and speaking. Look directly into your audience’s eyes, but do not stare at them. Spread your attention over all selections of the audience equally. With a large group,maintain eyecontact withthose in firstrows. Eye contact keeps the audience attentive. 7 > PRONOUNCE WORDS CORRECTLY Good pronunciation means correctly knowing how to utter words. No one can pronounce correctly all the words in English language. There are too many of them, and English spelling is not always a reliable guide to pronunciation. Therefore, consult a person or a dictionary to pronounce words.  Listening:We spend more time in listening than we spend speaking, reading or writing in schools and colleges. Then we can improve our general skills by improving our listening skill. Anyone can become a good listener by practicing a few strategies Some of them are below. 1 > IGNORE DISTURBANCES Too often, external or internal disturbances take us away from the speaker’s message. We must therefore work hard at becoming active listeners. We should focus on the message. Listening is an excellent way to learn. 2 > MAKE USE OF LAG TIME We should use lag time well. Lag time means the difference between speaking speed and listening speed. Most of us speak 82 to 160 words a minute. But we can listen at least four times faster. Often, we begin to miss the speaker’s point we should use lag time carefully. 3 > AVOID ANTICIPATION
  • 3. Sometimes we do too much anticipating .This practice is called” Jumping to Conclusions”. We think we know what the speaker is going to say. Then we stop listening. We should allow the speaker time to make the point. 4 > BE OPEN -MINDED We all have biases. While listening, we may be misled by theirbiases. We should suppress there biases. We should give the speaker a chance to make to make the point. We may learn a new thing that may remove a bias. 5 > HAVE EMPATHY We should try to be a good listener. We should visualize matters from the speaker’s point of view .Some peoples have a difficult time expressing their feelings about a matter . We should be courteous to them. 6 > DON’T PLAY JUDGE Sometimes we judge the speaker how he looks, talks or delivers. We should concentrate on the message not on the speaker’s dress,sex, or mannerisms. I have this problem in listening. 7 > LISTEN TO ALL MESSAGE Sometimes we have to hear message that are difficult to understand. If we are poor listeners, we would stop listening. In such a situation, we should rely on the skills required for critical listening. 8 > DON’T AFTER THE MESSAGE At times, we distort the speaker’s message. We twist it to our needs and beliefs. We do not have to agree with the message, but we should listen. 9 > TAKE NOTES We should take brief notes. We should get main points and write them down. We should focus on facts and ideas if we try to take down everything, we shall miss most of the message 10 > PRACTICE LISTENING Most of us do not pay attention to listening skills. We should attend lectures or presentations that require attentive listening. We shall find that” Practice Makes Perfect” with listening.