Vocational career guidance ad

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Vocational career guidance ad

  1. 1. Vocational & Career GuidanceOne out of every two young people suffer from high vocational anxiety directions andone of the major sources of conflict between adolescents and their parents is vocationalchoice.In fact, every person needs help in choosing a vocation according to his/her aptitudes,interest, personality and aspirations, for which he seeks assistance of a vocationalcounselor.The goal of vocational guidance is to assist people to get the right vocation as per their abilities, personality etc. Guidance and Counseling Vocational guidance is described as fitting round pegs in round holes and square pegs in square holes. But in is an interactive actual life it does not exactly happen. There is no such relationship that takes thing as there is no occupation for a given individual. In fact he/she may be suitable for various occupations. place between the Counselor and that A vocation is a career or calling and the word is derived from the Latin “vocare”, which means "to call." client. Vocational guidance means helping someone find his or her calling or at least a suitable career choice. Vocations or careers can be loosely categorized into areas such asservice, technical, mechanical, creative, health and business.Concept of guidance and counselingGuidance is a process of helping an individual to help himself to develop his potentials tothe fullest by utilizing the maximum opportunities provided in the environment. Everyindividual needs guidance whether he is an infant or an adult, genius or a dullard, welladjusted or a disturbed. For in his course of his growing and developing he is faced witha number of alternative ways of behaving and depending upon his choice he can makeor mar his life.Parsons (1908) is regarded as the founder of the vocational guidance movement. Hedeveloped the `talent matching‟ approach which was subsequently developed into thetrait and factor theory of occupational choice within the evolving discipline ofdifferential psychology.Parsons‟ core concept was that of `matching‟. He suggested that occupational choiceoccurs when people have achieved:First, an accurate understanding of their individual traits (e.g. personal abilities, aptitudes,interests, etc.)Second, knowledge of jobs and the labor marketAlisha Dias Page 1
  2. 2. Vocational & Career GuidanceThird, made a rational and objective judgment about the relationship between these twogroups of facts.A key assumption is that it is possible to measure both individual talents and theattributes required in particular jobs, which can then be matched to achieve a `good fit‟.It is when individuals are in jobs best suited to their abilities, they perform best andproductivity is highest.Two theorists within this broad academic tradition, Rodgers and Holland, have beenparticularly influential so far as guidance practice in the UK is concerned. Like Parsons,both Rodgers and Holland assumed that matching is at the centre of the process.Vocational choice is viewed essentially as rationaland largely devoid of emotions. These choices Educational and Careerwere also regarded to be `one-off‟ events. Counselling aims to provide help to students at their several levels of growth in order to realize theirDefinitions interests, to develop their capabilities and to supportAccording to an educator: vocational guidance their participation in society.may be defined as a process help cope withproblems related to occupational choice; plansand adjustments with due regard to their individual characteristics and needs in relationto occupational opportunities. In other words vocational guidance is to assist individualsto choose an occupation, prepare in it, and enter in it and progress in it.Careers Educations say that it‟s the development of the individual in a holistic way,building awareness of self and of the attributes required for effective career development.Career education comprises the following elements: self-development, career explorationand career management.Careers Guidance or Advice means more specific interventions designed to help youngpeople use their skills to further their interest in particular careers.Super (1949) Guidance is a dual process of helping an individual to understand andaccept him to understand and adjust to society.Ginsberg speaks of vocational guidance as a process of conservation of human resources.Vocational counselling is a process of helping individual to ascertain, accept, understandand apply relevant facts about himself to the pertinent facts about the occupationalworld which are ascertained through incidental and planned exploratory activities.Alisha Dias Page 2
  3. 3. Vocational & Career GuidancePresent workers define vocational guidance as a process of helping an individual to helphimself discover his needs, assess his potentialities, develop life purposes, formulate plansof action and proceed to recognize them under the most favorable conditions providedby home and school. It is described as the process of self-discovery leading to self-actualization.MethodsOne-to-one interviewsInterview is the most frequently used technique for career guidance provision. Guidanceinterviews are semi-directive. They aim to contribute to personal development and tohelp students and young job seekers making career decision. Most often, interviews areconducted in three stages, i.e. problem setting, analysis, and designing objectives forproblem solving.Assessment techniquesSuch techniques as skills assessment, psychological tests and questionnaires are also usedto assess vocational interests and competencies. Increasing use is made of self-help tools,and especially of web-based tools.Career education within the curriculumThis means that individuals have to decide their own way, and are responsible for theirchoice. As a consequence, it is necessary that they have some broad knowledge andunderstanding of curricula and career matters, as well as self-awareness of their ownpersonality. Therefore, the role of career education consists of providing students withlabour market information and of developing their information gathering skills, selfassessment abilities, self-knowledge and self-esteem. Career education courses are comprised of three types of activities: 1. Self-awareness exercises such as describing one‟s interests, values or personality traits 2. Labour market related activities, for example resume writing or gathering information on trades and professions 3. Contacts with professionals through on-the-job training, company visits, or inviting professionals to give talks to schools.Individual counselling. A session that is provided for only one individual; it takes 45 min.It can be a discussion or time for a test, to find out more about his/her objectives in life,main ideas on choosing a vocation.Alisha Dias Page 3
  4. 4. Vocational & Career GuidanceGroup counselling. A session that is provided for 8-12 pupil, it takes 45 min. It can bediscussion on actual topic, a game, or a test for number of people with the same/similarideas.Seminars are provided for 15 to 30 pupils. It takes from 45 min. to 2 hours. Usuallytopics for seminars are connected with very important and new information (forexample: „New Rules for Entering University‟). If it is need seminars can be completedfrom two parts: theoretical and practical. Group vocational information session with the IT background. It takes 45 min. Isprovided for 15 to 30 pupils. It is necessary to have good IT class and Internetconnection at high speed. Using IT system it is fastest way to use links connected withnational Educational system, to provide online test, try to fulfil first CV online.Teachers and parents are used to take part in seminarsCounselling through Internet (World Wide Web)Telephone Distance Counselling (TDC)TechniquesSelf-DevelopmentActivities here focus on identifying and developing personal skills, key skills and personalqualities. One example is the SNIP analysis, where S = Strengths, N = Needs, I =Interests and P = Preferences (the last including such aspects as whether the child wouldprefer working indoors or outdoors).Career ExplorationActivities here concentrate on raising awareness about the possibilities offered bydifferent job types. This can include challenging children‟s acceptance of stereotypes, suchas that certain careers are limited to men or women.Career ManagementThis area of work looks at what may be called life skills in relation to work e.g. managingone‟s money, filling in application forms and doing oneself justice in interviews. There isa strong connection between this aspect and self-development e.g. in cultivating decisionmaking skills.Alisha Dias Page 4

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