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Eating disorders

Eating disorders






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    Eating disorders Eating disorders Presentation Transcript

    • Eating disorders By Alisha Dias
    • What Is a Eating Disorder?An Eating Disorder is a compulsion to eat, or avoid eating, that negatively affects both ones physical and mental health.
    • Types of eating disordersAnorexia nervosaBulimia nervosaCompulsive over eating disorder
    • Anorexia Nervosa
    • It is defined as a psychosomaticdisease that generates dramatic weight loss caused by self- induced starvation.
    • Behavioral signs can be :Obsessive exercise Calorie and fat gram countingStarvation and restriction of foodSelf-induced vomitingThe use of diet pills, laxatives or diuretics toattempt controlling weightBe depressed, lethargic, and feel cold a lotAnd a persistent concern with body image.
    • DSM-IV characterizes anorexia nervosa as: An abnormally low body weight (the suggested guideline ≤ 85% of normal for age and height, or BMI ≤ 17.5). The absence of three consecutive menstrual cycles. An intense fear gaining weight or becoming fat and a preoccupation with body weight and shape.
    • Cause Anorexics set unattainable standards of performance for themselves.When they fail to meet these standards, they look for a part of their lives they can control; Food and Weight become that “Control” for them.Low self-esteem and constant self-criticism cause anorexics to constantly fear losing control, and even consuming a small amount of food could be considered a loss of control.
    • Bulimia Nervosa
    • Bulimia NervosaIt is a cyclical and recurring pattern of binge eating followed by guilt, self- accusation and over compensatory behavior such as crash dieting, over exercising and purging to compensate for the excessive caloric intake.
    • Behavioral signs can be:Recurring episodes of rapid food consumption followed bytremendous guilt and purging (laxatives or self-inducedvomiting).A feeling of lacking control over his or her eating behaviors.Regularly engaging in stringent diet plans and exercise.The misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or diet pills.A persistent concern with body image.Withdraw from social activities, especially meals andcelebrations involving foodMake excuses to go to the bathroom immediately aftermeals. Hiding food in strange places (closets, cabinets, suitcases,under the bed) to eat at a later time.
    • CauseThey feel overwhelmed in coping with their emotions.In order to punish themselves for something they feel they should unrealistically blame themselves for.This can be in direct relation to how they feel about themselves, or how they feel over a particular event or series of events in their lives.
    • Compulsive Over Eating Disorder
    • It is characterized as an "addiction" to food.Food is eaten as a way to hide from their emotions, to fill a void they feel inside, and to cope with daily stresses and problems in their lives.
    • Behavioral SignsFear of not being able to control eating, and whileeating, not being able to stop.Holding the belief that food is their only friend.Frequently out of breath after relatively lightactivities.Excessive sweating and shortness of breath.Leg and joint pain.Weight gain.Decreased mobility due to weight gain.Loss of sexual desire.Mood swings, Depression, Fatigue.Insomnia, Poor Sleeping Habits.
    • Health RiskHeart attackHigh blood-pressure andcholesterolKidney disease and/or failureArthritis and bone deteriorationStroke.
    • Treating Eating Disorders Help them cope with their disordered eating behaviors. Help them to establish new patterns of thinking about and approaching food.This can involve medical supervision, nutritional counseling, and therapy.The professionals will address a childs perception about his or her body size, shape, eating, and food.
    • Famous people who have DIED from Anorexia Nervosa Karen Carpenter (musician)Went on a water diet to lose weight and, as she put it, to appear more attractive. Continued to diet even after losing 9kgs, until her death at the age of 32. She died of cardiac arrest and weighed only 36kgs Ana Carolina RestonBrazilian model, starved herself to death in November2006.
    • Celebrities who have suffered of Bulimia Nervosa Felicity HuffmanActress (Desperate Housewives) battled both bulimia and anorexia from her teens into her 20s. Paula AbdulDancer, choreograph and singer (American Idol Judge) battled bulimia, with compulsive over- exercise and decided to check herself in a clinic, back in 1994.
    • Celebrities with Compulsive Over Eating Disorders. Wynonna JuddThe Country singer had admitted to have been struggling with compulsive over- eating. She has been through rehabilitation, but continues to have problems with her weight. Oprah Winfrey (T.V Host)Was raped at the age of nine by her nineteen year old cousin and repeatedly sexually abused, struggled with compulsive eating. Oprah, who said about her weight "Its always a struggle. Ive felt safer and more protected when I was heavy. Food has always been comforting.”
    • Thank youAlisha Dias (T.Y. B.sc H.D)