• The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh
• Official languages are English , Recognised regional language Scottish
• The motto "In My Defens God Me Defend“
• The national flags of Scotland are: Saint Andrew's Cross,
Government head of state is the monarch of the
To the east of Scotland is the North
Sea, which divides the country from
Norway and the rest of Scandinavia.
Across the North Sea to the south-east
is Denmark and further south still is
Germany. Separated by the North
Channel, the island of Ireland lies 30
kilometres from the southwest tip of
the Scottish mainland.
North and west of Scotland’s mainland
is the Atlantic Ocean.
The total land area of Scotland is
Political division of Scotland
Aberdeen City and Shire
Argyll and the Isles
Ayrshire and Arran
Dumfries and Galloway
Dundee and Angus
Edinburgh and the Lothians
The Kingdom of Fife
Greater Glasgow and the Clyde
9. The Highlands and Moray
10. Stirling and the Trossachs
11. Orkney and Shetland
12. Outer Hebrides
14. Scottish Borders
The highest mountain is Ben Nevis (stands at 1,344 m.
above sea level).
The largest lake is Loch Lomond (56 km.)
The longest rive is River Tay (193 km.)
Scotland is one of the world’s wildernesses because
hear you can find different animals.
Climate of Scotland is temperate.
January and February are generally the coldest months in
Scotland (5° to 7 °C)
July and August are normally the warmest months in
Scotland, with temperatures of an average 19 °C.
Population of Scotland
Around 5.2 million
Edinburgh - 486,120
Glasgow - 592,820
88.09% white Scottish