Rainforest Deforestation Anaïs Boussié Diane Cazal Aliette Harriz Aymeric Malfait
Where are rainforest located?
The Canopy <ul><li>The canopy may be 100 feet above the ground . </li></ul>
RAINFORESTS HELP STABILZE CLIMATE. Coral reefs off Cancun, Mexico. Rainforests and coral reefs both have critical roles in...
RAINFORESTS HELP MAINTAIN THE WATER CYCLE
RAINFORESTS REDUCE EROSION  Deforestation in Madagascar makes the rivers run red from soil eroded off deforested hills.
WHY ARE RAINFORESTS BEING DESTROYED? <ul><li>LOGGING AND TIMBER HARVESTING </li></ul><ul><li>AGRICULTURE </li></ul><ul><li...
CARBON TRADING AND UN-REDD <ul><li>Tropical deforestation is responsible for approximately 20% of world greenhouse gas emi...
<ul><li>COP3 : 2001, Kyoto Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>COP11, 2005, Montreal Meeting  </li></ul><ul><li>COP13, 2007, Bali U...
MAIN ACTORS <ul><li>Private sector </li></ul><ul><li>NGO’s, </li></ul><ul><li>development agencies, </li></ul><ul><li>rese...
KEY ISSUES <ul><li>The structure of funding mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Setting reference levels to measure the reduction...
HOW TO ADRESS DEFORESTATION? <ul><li>Poor farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Permaculture </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial/commercial d...
How to restore and rehabilitate ecosystems ? <ul><li>increase and sustain the productivity of farms, pastures, plantations...
How to find funds for the rainforest conservation efforts ?   <ul><li>Ecotourism </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-prospecting fees </...
Once funding is in place, the next steps: <ul><li>Increase surveillance of and patrols in protected areas. </li></ul><ul><...
CONCLUSION
Reference <ul><li>UN-REDD </li></ul><ul><li>UNFCCC </li></ul><ul><li>The Economist </li></ul><ul><li>Mongabay </li></ul>
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Présentation1 rainforest

  1. 1. Rainforest Deforestation Anaïs Boussié Diane Cazal Aliette Harriz Aymeric Malfait
  2. 2. Where are rainforest located?
  3. 3. The Canopy <ul><li>The canopy may be 100 feet above the ground . </li></ul>
  4. 4. RAINFORESTS HELP STABILZE CLIMATE. Coral reefs off Cancun, Mexico. Rainforests and coral reefs both have critical roles in the global environment
  5. 5. RAINFORESTS HELP MAINTAIN THE WATER CYCLE
  6. 6. RAINFORESTS REDUCE EROSION Deforestation in Madagascar makes the rivers run red from soil eroded off deforested hills.
  7. 7. WHY ARE RAINFORESTS BEING DESTROYED? <ul><li>LOGGING AND TIMBER HARVESTING </li></ul><ul><li>AGRICULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>CATTLE </li></ul><ul><li>ROAD CONSTRUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>THE ROLE OF POVERTY </li></ul><ul><li>BIOFUELS </li></ul>
  8. 8. CARBON TRADING AND UN-REDD <ul><li>Tropical deforestation is responsible for approximately 20% of world greenhouse gas emissions. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>COP3 : 2001, Kyoto Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>COP11, 2005, Montreal Meeting </li></ul><ul><li>COP13, 2007, Bali UNFCCC Meeting </li></ul><ul><li>COP15, 2009, Copenhagen, Conference of the parties of the UNFCCC </li></ul><ul><li>COP16, 2010, Cancun Summit. </li></ul>
  10. 10. MAIN ACTORS <ul><li>Private sector </li></ul><ul><li>NGO’s, </li></ul><ul><li>development agencies, </li></ul><ul><li>research institutes… </li></ul><ul><li>International organizations: World Banks’s forest Carbon Partnership Facility </li></ul><ul><li>UN-REDD program, Forest initiative </li></ul>The World Bank: created a $300 million fund called Forest Carbon Partnership Facility. UND, UNEP, FAO set up the UN-REDD program allocated to developing countries $48,3 million.
  11. 11. KEY ISSUES <ul><li>The structure of funding mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Setting reference levels to measure the reduction in emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution of benefits </li></ul>
  12. 12. HOW TO ADRESS DEFORESTATION? <ul><li>Poor farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Permaculture </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial/commercial developers: </li></ul><ul><li>use natural pest control and fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>leave strips of forest as corridors linking sections of </li></ul>
  13. 13. How to restore and rehabilitate ecosystems ? <ul><li>increase and sustain the productivity of farms, pastures, plantations, and scrub </li></ul><ul><li>restore species and ecosystems to degraded habitats. </li></ul>
  14. 14. How to find funds for the rainforest conservation efforts ? <ul><li>Ecotourism </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-prospecting fees </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon credits </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate sponsorship </li></ul>
  15. 15. Once funding is in place, the next steps: <ul><li>Increase surveillance of and patrols in protected areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Build research facilities for training local scientists and guides. </li></ul><ul><li>Involve indigenous people </li></ul><ul><li>Compensate displaced people. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish programs that promote sustainable use. </li></ul>
  16. 16. CONCLUSION
  17. 17. Reference <ul><li>UN-REDD </li></ul><ul><li>UNFCCC </li></ul><ul><li>The Economist </li></ul><ul><li>Mongabay </li></ul>

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