Musical Classicism. Alicia Magdalena Cuesta


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Musical Classicism. Alicia Magdalena Cuesta

  1. 1. Musical Classicism 1750-1820
  2. 2. Social & Historical Context Era of inventions Isaac Newton 1705 Máquina de vapor 1714 Termómetro de mercurio Fahrenheit 1719 Impresión en colores 1738 Teoría de los gases Bernoulli, Daniel Suiza 1742 Grados centígrados o celsius 1752 Pararrayos 1776 Submarino “Tortuga” (Primero de la historia) 1780 Lentes bifocales 1783 Globo aerostático Montgolfier 1784 Refrigerador (primitivo) Cullen 1785 Paracaídas Blanchard 1785 Telar mecánico Cartwright 1790 Lámpara de gas Murdoch 1795 Prensa hidráulica Bramah 1796 Litografía Senefelder 1800 Pila eléctrica Volta
  3. 3. Peaceful period: there were no major wars in Europe, but across the ocean took place the War of American Independence.
  4. 4.  Middle class expanded, result of the Industrial Revolution = − increasing number of amateur musicians − public concerts became popular
  5. 5.  The Enlightenment or Age of Reason (Ilustración, Siglo de las Luces). Cultural movement of intellectuals rather than tradition. Voltaire emphasizing reason and individualism Rousseau
  6. 6. Aesthetic principles  Beauty ideals of the Ancient Classicism: simplicity, clarity, functionality, proportion.
  7. 7. - melodies are recognizable, symmetrical and simple (and happier! ): Harmony and rhythm are also clear and stable.  Activity: Listen to the Sonata KV 545 by Mozart and try to distinguish themes A and B.
  8. 8. - this melody allows to create well defined schemes: A – transition - B / Development / A – transition - B
  9. 9. Most important musical forms: Sonata (2 or 3 instruments) Mozart Piano Sonata in C, K. 545  Symphony (orchestra) Mozart Symphony no. 40, K.550 Concert (orchestra and soloist) Mozart Flute Concert, K.314
  10. 10.  'Opera buffa' (comic opera) becomes very popular. Seek information about the argument of the Magic Flute, by Mozart
  11. 11.  Musical center: Viena (Austria)
  12. 12. Musical Instruments  Appear (click on the images to listen the instruments): Clarinet Pianoforte
  13. 13. Disappear Viola da gamba  Harpischord Recorder
  14. 14. Composers:  Joseph Haydn (1732 – 1809, Austria) "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet“ He was friend of Mozart and teacher of Beethoven Family Esterhazy was his most famous patron Haydn had a great sense of humor, evident in his love of jokes which often appear in his music Some of his most famous compositions: Surprise Symphony, Toy Symphony Small biography in spanish, click here
  15. 15.  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 – 1791, Austria) He was born in Salzburg Wunderkind: infant prodigy His father was a violinist and composer He was restless, he worked and loved games and animals He died at 35. He wrote more than 600 compositions= 200 hours of music
  16. 16.  Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 1826, Germany) He was born in Bonn Last of the classics and first of the romantics His father wanted him to be an infant prodigy At 17, he went to Viena and met Mozart At 22, he started to get deaf He suffered heartsbreaks but never got married His most famous works are his 32 piano sonatas and his 9 symphonies BBC The genius of Beethoven (click) Inmortal Beloved trailer