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“Rags to Riches” By: Alicia Sotomayor
Overview Thesis Relevance Statistics/Facts Big in the World Causes of homelessness Homeless Children Effects of Homeless Application What YOU can do to help Work Cited Class Activities
Thesis… Homelessness is a problem that is spreading rapidly and affects many people all across the globe today. It affects the mind, body, emotions, and spirit of a person.
Graduation is around the corner. When we graduate we all want to become successful and make something of ourselves. Nobody wants to be here, so, it’s an important topic to look into to be able to avoid it and recognize it. Personal Relevance
Stereotype? Psychological View of Homelessness “Society historically views the homeless as a class of poverty stricken, unemployed individuals hovering in dirty allies.” (T.A Workman). Traditionally “Shopping cart pushers” Living in dirty alleys Some are families living in cars. Some actually HAVE jobs. http://www.ehow.com/about_4572162_psychological-view-homelessness.html
Basic Statistics Any night 672,000 homeless. Families with children Non-family individuals Chronically homeless http://www.endhomelessness.org/content/general/detail/2500
Basic Statistics Cont’ Emergency Shelters Generally Sheltered 44% are completely unsheltered. Approximately 3.5 million United States residents (about 1% of the US population) have been homeless for a lengthy amount of time. Single men cover almost 60% of the homeless population. http://jkwart.blogspot.com/2010/03/homeless-statistics-in-us.html https://www.swivel.com/charts/2298-Homeless-in-America
StatisticsGoing Geographically In 2007 Urban areas. Over 60% of homeless population lives in areas of over 1,000,000 people.
major cities had a rate of 43 people per 10,000 compared with 29 people per 10,000 for all urban places and 22 people per 10,000 nationally.
Statistics Going Geographically Cont’.
Significant changes happened between the years of 2005-2007
U.S Population grew by 4.5%
Homeless in major cities increased by 4%.
Homeless in urban cities (smaller areas) and the rest of the country decreased by almost 10% (9.4%).
Facts… Studies have shown that the homeless spend more time in hospitals and jail then anywhere else. Children of homeless families have been shown to do worse in school compared to other students and have poor attendance. The larger group of homeless people live in the Central Cities of United States. In Rural Cities, the homeless are smaller and usually there for shorter periods of time. Often family homelessness due to domestic violence. http://www.solutionsforamerica.org/thrivingneigh/homelessness.html
Homelessness Across the U.S.Sheltered-Unsheltered
Going GLOBAL… In 2005 it was estimated that about 100 million people were homeless worldwide. 20-40 million alone were from urban areas. Everyday approximately 50,000 people die because of poor shelter, polluted water and sanitation issues.
Big In The World Homeless due to due to Natural Disasters
Going GLOBAL Cont’ Cuba Hurricane Ike 450,000 homes were seriously damaged 200,000 people left homeless (Prime Minister) Approximately 1.25 people across the country remained in shelters from the storm. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/7619274.stm
Going GLOBAL Cont’ Haiti 7.0 Earthquake January 2010 Approximately 1 million homeless Tents President asks for 200,000 tents after destruction. http://www.corydondemocrat.com/Articlesi-2010-03-23-214518.114125_Hearing_Haitis_story.html http://www.foxnews.com/world/2010/01/26/haitis-homeless-plead-tents-quake/
Going GLOBAL Cont’ Chile 8.8 Earthquake 500,000 homes were severely damaged/ destroyed. Uninhabitable living environment Leaving millions of people/families sleeping on the streets http://rochesterhomepage.net/content/fulltext/?cid=159031
How Did We Get Here?... Major cause of homelessness in the US is unaffordable housing. Job loss Since we began this recession six million jobs have been lost. In late 2009, the unemployment rate was at 9.4%
Congress plans to raise minimum wage to $9.50 by 2010.
Foreclosure Increases the number of people in the homeless category. Between 2008 and 2009 reporters found about a 32% jump in the number of foreclosures. http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html
…How Did We GetHereCont’ Poverty Poor people not able to make ends meet. Unable to pay for ways of living. Poverty rate around 13% (37,300,000 million people) of U.S population. Housing Not a lot of affordable housing anymore. As of 2009 a person would need to earn $14.97 to afford a one bed room apartment and $17.89 for a two-bedroom apartment. From 2000-2009 there has been a 41% increase in fair market rent for a two-bedroom unit. http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html
Other Causes of Homelessness Health Care Unaffordable healthcare. Untreated sicknesses. Missing days of work. Loss of job. One in three Americans (86.7 million people) are uninsured. 30.7% are under 18 years old. http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html
Other Causesof Homelessness Cont’ 1. Domestic Violence Often times, abused women who are homeless were forced to chose between homelessness or abusive relationships 50% of cities surveyed (by the U.S Conference of Mayors) proclaimed domestic to be one of the primary cause of homelessness. Approximately 63% of the homeless women population have dealt with domestic violence in their adult lives.
Other Causes of Homelessness Cont’ 2. Mental Illness 20% of single homeless people Incomes and Housing most homeless people with mental illness do not need to be institutionalized, but can live in the community with the appropriate supportive housing options. Addiction Disorders Complex & Controversial People who are poor and addicted to drugs and/or alcohol. NOT just addicted. Once you’re addicted and homeless it’s hard to get a place. http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html
What Else Contributesto Homelessness? Transportation Public Assistance gone down TANF benefits/food stamps Divorce http://www.homelessresourcenetwork.org/causes.html
What Else Contributes to Homelessness? Cont’1 Child Support Low Wages Roommates Tragedy
What Else Contributesto Homelessness? Cont’ 2 Severe Depression Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Natural Disasters/Fires Unfortunate events Tornados Hurricanes Tsunamis/ Earthquakes Floods Fires
What Else Contributesto Homelessness Cont’ 3 Illnesses Families already struggling to make ends meet… Begins with a loss of job No money to pay for care Eviction Disabilities Physically Mentally
Who is homeless? Definition- a person is considered homeless who "lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate night-time residence; Demographically Two groups A growing rate of the unaffordable renting houses. Increase in poverty. Gender More homeless single men than women. 67.5% of 76% singles who are homeless are male. http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/who.html
Who Is Homeless? Cont’ Age Children (under 18 years of age) are accounted for over 39% of the homeless population. About 25% of the homeless population are ages 25-34. About 6% are elders of age 55-64. Families Homeless population with families keeps expanding.
Does race count? (39.6%) (40.6%) (7.9%) (10.9%) (1.0%)
One in 50 American Children ARE Homeless
Sit and watch…
Homeless Children… Orphans. (Compassion) Approximately 15 million children have lost a parent, or both to AIDS… (Compassion) 12 Million children die before age 5… (WomenAID Children of the World Initiative) 100 Million children are homeless, living on the streets… 250,000 Children die every week from diseases and malnutrition… most often from being left on the streets
Effects of Homelessness… Open for abuse (National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty). Families torn apart Boys aren’t accepted as easily Mothers often can’t stay with their children http://money.howstuffworks.com/homeless4.htm
Internal Effects of Homelessness… Illnesses Frost bite Leg Ulcers Infections
Internal Effects of Homelessness… (Cont’) Mental/Emotional
“Does psychology cause homelessness or does homelessness cause psychological disorders?”
Effects on Children… Ear infections Stomach problems Asthma Depression Anxiety Withdrawn Suffer in school
How Can YOU Help? GET INVOLVED! Donate clothes, money, etc. Work at a shelter Help build/fix up houses or shelters Use YOUR skills Job training Share your hobbies/skills Guide the children GET OTHERS INVOLVED!
Tips For Preventing Homelessness… Finish school Go to College Get a degree Associates- $47,000 yr. Battlers- $67,000 yr. Masters- $82,000 yr. Doc- $115,377 yr. Pro- $130,337 yr Stay out of debt Budget money
Conclusion Nobody wants to be in these positions. So, go and further your education and get good jobs/careers that you can count on. Be responsible, think before you act, and be careful.
Work Cited Cont’ http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html http://www.homelessresourcenetwork.org/causes.html http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/who.html http://money.howstuffworks.com/homeless4.htm http://www.ehow.com/about_4572162_psychological-view-homelessness.html Gardner, Chris. The Pursuit of Happyness. New York: Amistad, HarperCollins Publishers, 2006 Hodnicki, Donna R. “Homelessness: Health-Care Implications.” Journal of Community Health Nursing 7.2 (1990): 59-67. JSTOR. Nichelason, Margery G. Homeless or Hopeless? Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 1994