(Quote)- In reality, the description of a homeless person can change DRASTICALLY from person to person.(Living in dirty alley ways)- These are how the homeless are often portrayed through television scene/films.
Of America’s huge population, a HUGE portion of them are homeless. The portion of homeless people that have families hit homelessness the worst and grows at the most increasing rate of all homeless people. As much as people in families become homeless, single individuals take up even more of the homeless population. While the chronically homeless people account for a little less then both other categories. Chronically homelessness is when you have absolutely nothing and almost have nothing to get out of.
Although people are homeless, some shelters are available. Some are fortunate to be able to get some sort of shelter on some nights. Actually, more homeless people are living in shelters than non sheltered. There are more homeless men then women.
More homeless people live in the Urban areas then anywhere else. In 2007, was the most homeless people in both Urban areas and Major cities.
During the years of 2005 to 2007 the change in homelessness was significantly increased. As population in U.S alone grows extensively homelessness grew as well. However, the homeless population shrinks in urban cities by a greater amount.
Homeless people often suffer major affects, especially children and their learning abilities. Most end up in hospitals from diseases and illness or in jail for stealing and because they would rather be there than on the streets. Most homeless people live in the bigger cities where things are more expensive to make a living. They are also often homeless there for longer periods of time then in the rural cities. Sometimes pushed in that position due to domestic violence.
Graph shows the difference in homeless people across the U.S who live in shelters and who don’t live in shelters.
The estimation of homeless people across the world is increasing to larger numbers than it is already at. People across the world are dying all the time from living in these conditions.Some places across the world are finding more homeless people than others.
September 2008, Hurricane Ike happened. Leaving many families homeless from the disaster.
Bad earthquake hits Haiti killing over 150,000 people and leaving half of the population homeless from houses being completely destroyed. Haiti President comes up with the “tent idea”. Asking for other countries and areas all over the world to donate tents for these people to live in.
8.8 Earthquake happened this past February 2010 leaving hundreds of thousands of homes useless.
I have found multiple articles and documents on the actual history of homelessness, however, when I went down to talk to REAL homeless people in the city they’ll tell you themselves. NOBODY knows where all of this has come from.
Unaffordable housing is a number one cause in homelessness because of people not being able to afford a place to live in. Job losses also contribute to this cause however, because with no job you can’t pay the bills and rent for a house. With the economy today people are losing their jobs everyday causing them to lose their houses.
As we continue into the recession we are in people are becoming more and more poor. With people entering into poverty ends get hard to meet. Which then leaves them unable to pay for ways of living (housing, education, childcare, healthcare). When it comes to compromising for money a lot of people are eager to give up their house first. The pricing of housing keeps going up so the income of people to go up as well in order to be able to afford it.
Other expenses such as health care also have an effect on the issue of homelessness. People who cannot afford healthcare and get sick cannot get help or treated which will then cause them to miss days of work which may cause a loss in a job if pushed far enough. Then, once one loses their job how would they be able to pay to live in a house. There is a great number of American’s who are not insured and a lot of them are children under the age of 18.
Domestic violence in a relationship often pushes one to have to decide between the abuse or living on the streets. Most surveys test that domestic violence is a key cause to homelessness. A great portion (more than half) of the homeless women living on the streets have experienced with domestic violence at some point during their adult lives.
People with mental illnesses often end up on the homeless because the proper housing they need is not becoming available to them. People often mistake people with mental illnesses for having to be in some sort of home or institutionalized not knowing that most can truly live If there were appropriate supportive housing options. Addictions and homelessness often become an uprising. Some can become homeless from giving all their money to drugs. But also, it is important to realize that the people who become homeless and do drugs is because they were already poor and chose the street life because they might not have gotten help for their problem.
TANF- Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
(Child Support)- When one person isn’t paying child support it leads to a decrease in income which can lead to not being able to pay bills, rent, ect. (Low Wages)- Not getting paid enough has put the option of housing out of reach for some. (Roommates)- If a roommate fails to “pull their end” in the deal than one could be left with unaffordable housing costs and be then kicked out. (Tragedy)- Loss of a family member or loved one can cause some people to totally lose their mind making them unstable to be able to keep a job and support themselves.
Severe Depression can make it near impossible for one to maintain a stable life. Having Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is very common with Veterans who were once at war, also people who have spent a time period of their life in violent situations can suffer from this disorder. These things can also make it very hard to maintain a stable life.
In often cases of homelessness people end in these positions because of financial reasons, however, a great deal of homeless people are left that way because of their mental disabilities; Physical Disabilities- These people might not be able to work to receive an income to be able to pay for housing and such. Some people receive a Social Security Income (SSI) but these people are often thrown from one home to another. Mental Disabilities- The people might often can’t get the appropriate help they need so they end up going on the street for people think they are crazy.
Basically, a homeless person is someone who does not have a permanent place to sleep at night and live in. The two main causes of homelessness are unaffordable housing and the increasing poverty rate. Both genders can obviously be homeless but it is said that there are most likely to be more homeless men than women.
The age of homeless people vary, however, homeless children take up a great deal of the homeless population. And almost half of the homeless children are under 5 years old. A less percentage of the homeless is people in their mid ages. The homeless population of families continues to grow faster than any other category. Over 23% are families and most of these families are from rural areas.
Here is a break down of the homeless races. Whites taking up the biggest percentage, then blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, and “others”.
(Abuse)- The homeless are often abused with things such as baseball bats, chains, and other weapons. Women are often raped.
Sgp Power Point 1st Submission
“Rags to Riches”<br />By:<br />Alicia Sotomayor<br />
Thesis…<br />Homelessness is a problem that is spreading rapidly and affects many people all across the globe today. It affects the mind, body, emotions, and spirit of a person.<br />
Stereotype? <br />Psychological View of Homelessness<br />“Society historically views the homeless as a class of poverty stricken, unemployed individuals hovering in dirty allies.” (T.A Workman).<br />Traditionally<br />“Shopping cart pushers”<br />Living in dirty alleys<br />Some are families living in cars.<br />Some actually HAVE jobs.<br />http://www.ehow.com/about_4572162_psychological-view-homelessness.html<br />
Basic Statistic<br />it was recorded that on any night 672,000 men, women, and children are homeless, just in the United States alone. <br />People in families with children account for 37% of the total homeless population.<br />Are the fastest growing group of homeless people.<br />Non-family individuals account for 63% of the total homeless population. <br />Chronically homeless people account for 29% of individuals and 18% of the total homeless population.<br />Unsheltered people account for 42% of the homeless population.<br />http://www.endhomelessness.org/content/general/detail/2500<br />
…Basic Statistics Cont’<br />People counted in emergency shelters are accounted for the other 52% of the homeless population.<br />56% of the homeless are living in shelters.<br />44% are completely unsheltered.<br />Approximately 3.5 million United States residents (about 1% of the US population) have been homeless for a lengthy amount of time.<br />1.35 million of these people were children.<br />Single men cover almost 60% of the homeless population. <br />http://jkwart.blogspot.com/2010/03/homeless-statistics-in-us.html<br />https://www.swivel.com/charts/2298-Homeless-in-America<br />
Statistics-Going Geographically…<br />In 2007 <br />approximately 77% of homeless were counted in Urban areas.<br />Over 60% of homeless population lives in areas of over 1,000,000 people.<br />major cities had a rate of 43 people per 10,000 compared with 29 people per 10,000 for all urban places and 22 people per 10,000 nationally.<br />Urban areas had the highest homeless population<br />29 people, per 10,000.<br />Major Cities also had the highest population in 2007<br />43-44 people, per 10,000.<br />http://www.endhomelessness.org/section/data<br />
Statistics- Going Geographically Cont’.<br /><ul><li>Significant changes happened between the years of 2005-2007
Homeless in urban cities (smaller areas) and the rest of the country decreased by almost 10% (9.4%).</li></li></ul><li>Facts…<br />Studies have shown that the homeless spend more time in hospitals and jail then anywhere else.<br />Children of homeless families have been shown to do worse in school compared to other students and have poor attendance.<br />The larger group of homeless people live in the Central Cities of United States.<br />In Rural Cities, the homeless are smaller and usually there for shorter periods of time.<br />Often family homelessness due to domestic violence.<br />http://www.solutionsforamerica.org/thrivingneigh/homelessness.html<br />
Homelessness Across the U.S.Sheltered-Unsheltered<br />
Going GLOBAL…<br />In 2005 it was estimated that about 100 million people were homeless worldwide.<br />20-40 million alone were from urban areas.<br />Everyday approximately 50,000 people die because of poor shelter, polluted water and sanitation issues.<br />
Going GLOBAL Cont’<br />Cuba<br />Hurricane Ike<br />450,000 homes were seriously damaged<br />200,000 people left homeless<br />80% of homes destroyed (says Prime Minister)<br />Approximately 1.25 people across the country remained in shelters from the storm.<br />http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/7619274.stm<br />
Going GLOBAL Cont’<br />Haiti<br />7.0 Earthquake<br />January 2010<br />Approximately 1 million homeless<br />Tents<br />President asks for 200,000 tents after destruction.<br />http://www.corydondemocrat.com/Articlesi-2010-03-23-214518.114125_Hearing_Haitis_story.html<br />http://www.foxnews.com/world/2010/01/26/haitis-homeless-plead-tents-quake/<br />
Going GLOBAL Cont’<br />Chile <br />8.8 Earthquake<br />500,000 homes were severely damaged/ destroyed.<br />Uninhabitable living environment<br />Leaving millions of people/families sleeping on the streets<br />http://rochesterhomepage.net/content/fulltext/?cid=159031<br />
History of the Homeless…<br />Studies will show certain things…<br />The actual homeless people will show another. <br />
How Did We Get Here?...<br />Major cause of homelessness in the US is unaffordable housing. <br />Job loss<br />Since we began this recession six million jobs have been lost.<br />In late 2009, the unemployment rate was at 9.4%<br /><ul><li>Congress plans to raise minimum wage to $9.50 by 2010.</li></ul>Foreclosure<br />Increases the number of people in the homeless category.<br />Between 2008 and 2009 reporters found about a 32% jump in the number of foreclosures.<br />http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html<br />
…How Did We Get HereCont’<br />Poverty<br />Poor people not able to make ends meet.<br />Unable to pay housing, food, education, childcare, and healthcare. <br />Most give up housing as a sacrifice.<br />Poverty rate around 13% (37,300,000 million people) of U.S population. <br />Housing<br />Not a lot of affordable housing anymore.<br />As of 2009 a person would need to earn $14.97 to afford a one bed room apartment and $17.89 for a two-bedroom apartment. <br />From 2000-2009 there has been a 41% increase in fair market rent for a two-bedroom unit. <br />http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html<br />
Other Causes of Homelessness<br />Health Care<br />Unaffordable healthcare.<br />Untreated sicknesses.<br />Missing days of work.<br />Loss of job.<br />One in three Americans (86.7 million people) are uninsured. <br />30.7% are under 18 years old. <br />http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html<br />
Other Causes of Homelessness Cont’ 1.<br />Domestic Violence<br />Often times, abused women who are homeless were forced to chose between homelessness or abusive relationships<br />50% of cities surveyed (by the U.S Conference of Mayors) proclaimed domestic to be one of the primary cause of homelessness.<br />Approximately 63% of the homeless women population have dealt with domestic violence in their adult lives.<br />
Other Causes of Homelessness Cont’ 2.<br />Mental Illness<br />About 20% of single homeless people suffer from a mental disease. <br />Incomes and housing began to quickly disappear.<br />most homeless people with mental illness do not need to be institutionalized, but can live in the community with the appropriate supportive housing options.<br />Cannot be accessed.<br />Addiction Disorders<br />Complex & Controversial <br />People who are poor and addicted to drugs and/or alcohol.<br />NOT just addicted.<br />Once you’re addicted and homeless it’s hard to get a place.<br />http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/why.html<br />
What Else Contributes to Homelessness?<br />Transportation<br />Broken down car, not having insurance, over abundance in tickets.<br />Public Assistance gone down<br />TANF benefits/food stamps combined are lower then the poverty level in every state.<br />Divorce<br />Often leaves one of the spouses homeless.<br />http://www.homelessresourcenetwork.org/causes.html<br />
What Else Contributes to Homelessness? Cont’1<br />Child Support<br />Low Wages<br />Roommates<br />Tragedy <br />
What Else Contributes to Homelessness Cont’ 3<br />Illnesses <br />Families already struggling to make ends meet and have some sort of illness can create a straight path to homelessness<br />Begins with a loss of job<br />No money to pay for care<br />Eviction<br />Disabilities <br />Physically <br />Mentally <br />
Who is homeless?<br />Definition-<br />a person is considered homeless who "lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate night-time residence;<br />Demographically <br />Two groups<br />A growing rate of the unaffordable renting houses.<br />Increase in poverty.<br />Gender<br />More homeless single men than women.<br />67.5% of 76% singles who are homeless are male.<br />http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/who.html<br />
Who Is Homeless? Cont’<br />Age<br />Children (under 18 years of age) are accounted for over 39% of the homeless population. <br />42% of these children are under the age of five.<br />About 25% of the homeless population are ages 25-34.<br />About 6% are elders of age 55-64.<br />Families<br />Homeless population with families keeps expanding.<br />Approximately 23%<br />Most common in rural areas<br />
Does race count?<br />(40.6%)<br />(39.6%)<br />(7.9%)<br />(10.9%)<br />(1.0%)<br />
Homeless Children…<br />Many Homeless Children are orphans. (Compassion) <br />Approximately 15 million children have lost a parent, or both to AIDS… Leaving them homeless. (Compassion)<br />12 Million children die before age 5… (WomenAID Children of the World Initiative)<br />100 Million children are homeless, living on the streets…<br />250,000 Children die every week from diseases and malnutrition… most often from being left on the streets<br />
Effects of Homelessness…<br />Open for abuse<br />Over the past 10 years, there have been more than 600 attacks against homeless people (National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty).<br />Families torn apart<br />Boys aren’t accepted as easily<br />Mothers often can’t stay with their children<br />http://money.howstuffworks.com/homeless4.htm<br />
Internal Effects of Homelessness…<br />Illnesses<br />Being exposed to different elements in unsanitary living conditions<br />Frost bite<br />Leg Ulcers <br />Infections<br /><ul><li>HIV/AIDS</li></ul>Diabetes <br />Tuberculosis<br />
Internal Effects of Homelessness… (Cont’)<br />Mental/Emotional<br /><ul><li>Emotional Breakdowns
Effects on Children…<br />Ear infections<br />Stomach problems<br />Asthma <br />Depression<br />Anxiety<br />Withdrawn<br />Suffer in school<br />
How Can YOU Help?<br />GET INVOLVED!<br />Donate clothes, money, etc.<br />Work at a shelter<br />Help build/fix up houses or shelters<br />Use YOUR skills<br />Job training<br />Share your hobbies/skills<br />Guide the children<br />GET OTHERS INVOLVED!<br />
Tips For Preventing Homelessness…<br />Finish school<br />Go to College<br />Get a degree<br />Associates- $47,000 yr.<br />Battlers- $67,000 yr.<br />Masters- $82,000 yr. <br />Doc- $115,377 yr.<br />Pro- $130,337 yr<br />Stay out of debt<br />Budget money<br />