1. Present simple
2. Present continuous
3. Present perfect: it is not present. it
serves us to talk about the past with
a result in the present!
We use it to talk about routines, habits
or things that are true in general.
DO NOT FORGET to add the "s" or
"es" if it´s the 3rd person of the
In affirmative, we write the subject + a
I work as a doctor in that hospital.
She walks to school every day.
We like comics and poetry so we read them
whenever we have time.
My dog runs very fun because he is still
For the negative form we use the
auxiliary verb do + NOT: don't or
I don't like burgers, I prefer salad.
She doesn't play tennis very well.
We don't study French at school.
To ask questions we also use the
auxiliary verb to do: Do/ does + subject
+ main verb
Do you play the piano?
Does she like Indian food?
Do they read English books in class?
ATTENTION!!!!!!IF THE SUBJECT IS 3RD PERSON OF THE
SINGULAR, THE "S" GOES TO THE AUXILIARY VERB "TO
DO" WHICH TURNS INTO DOES. DO NOT WRITE THE "S"
AGAIN IN THE MAIN VERB.
We use it for things happening at the time
of speaking. The action is not complete.
I´m reading a very interesting book this month.
My mother cannot answer the phone, she is
taking a shower at the moment.
We use it for temporary situations
I´m living in London for this summer.
Your are studying a loot for the exam.
He is working much better this week.
Subject + verb to be + gerund
I am listening to the radio.
My parents are driving home.
Subject + verb to be + NOT + gerund
He is not walking to school.
Ana is not running today, she is sick.
Interrogative: CHANGE THE ORDER:
verb to be + Subject + gerund + ?
Is Lucia having dinner ?
Is that man cleaning the window?
Am I invited to the party ?
We use the present perfect for
an action that started in the
past and has a result now. IT
IS NOT PRESENT. IT IS PAST
WITH A RESULT IN THE PRESENT.
To be able to use this tense, you will have to use the
past participle. If the verb is regular, you just add -ed.
Walk -> walked
jump -> jumped
plant -> planted
However, if it is an
irregular verb you will
have to use you favourite
list in the word: THE
IRREGULAR VERBS LIST
Affirmative : Subject + have/has + past
I have ridden horses since I was 7.
She has studied English for a year.
He has cleaned his shoes.
They are not here. They have gone out.
Negative: Subject + have / has + not +
I haven´t finished the book.
He hasn´t arrived yet.
I haven´t lost the keys. They are here!
Lucia hasn´t worn the new dress yet.
Questions : Have/has + subject +
past participle + ?
Have you finished the exercise?
Has Enrique started his new job?
Have we studied this already?
Have they bought the tickets for the match?
We can use just, already, yet,
since and for
- Just: a short time ago
I have just finished my lunch
- Already: before you expected.
She has already arrived
- Yet: until now
Has Elena bought the car yet?
For /since always
For: period of time
Always use it with past
simple, you cannot use
it with present perfect:
I have waited here for 2 hours ago
I have waited here for 2 hours
I arrived 2 hours ago