Punjab comes from the Persian words panj (five)
and ab (river) and means "Land of the Five Rivers.“
It is the name used for the lands to the east of the
Indus River that are drained by its five tributaries
(Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej).
Punjab during Mahabharata times was known as
Panchanada.Punjab was part of the Indus Valley
Civilization, more than 4000 years old.
In 1947 the Punjab province of British India was
divided along religious lines into West Punjab and
East Punjab. Western Punjab was assimilated into
the new country of Pakistan, while East Punjab
became a part of modern-day India.
Since the 1950s, Punjab industrialized rapidly. New
factories were established in Lahore, Multan,
Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Wah.
In the 1960s the new city of Islamabad was built near
Agriculture continues to be the largest sector of Punjab's
economy. The province is the breadbasket of the country as
well as home to the largest ethnic group in Pakistan.
Punjab witnessed major battles between the armies of India and
Pakistan in the wars of 1965 and 1971. Since the 1990s Punjab
hosted several key sites of Pakistan's nuclear program such as
“Kahuta”. It also hosts major military bases such as at Sargodha
and Rawalpindi. The peace process between India and
Pakistan, which began in earnest in 2004, has helped pacify the
situation. Trade and people-to-people contacts through the
Wagah border are now starting to become common. Indian
Sikh pilgrims visit holy sites such as Nankana Sahib.
Starting in the 1980s, large numbers of Punjabis
migrated to the Middle East, Britain, Spain, Canada
and the United States for economic opportunities.
The Government of Punjab is a provincial
government in the federal structure.
The Provincial Assembly of the Punjab is a
unicameral legislature of elected representatives of
the province of Punjab.
The Assembly was established under Article 106 of
the Constitution of Pakistan as having a total of 350
seats, with 62 seats reserved for women and seven
reserved for non-Muslims.
The Chief Minister of Punjab (CM) is elected by the
Provincial Assembly of the Punjab to serve as the
head of the provincial government in
The current Chief Minister is Shahbaz Sharif.
205,344 sq km
-2° to 40° C
Cotton, Wheat and Rice
The main language of the province is
Punjabi.Sairaki and Hindko.
There are more than 20 language speaks in
Majhi, Pothohari, Pahari, Dhani, Shapuri,
Jhangochi, Jangli, Chenavari, Thalochi, Hindko,
Chhachi, Jandali,Multani, Derawali,Riasti,
Ghebi,Dogri,Mevati,Urdu and English as well.
In Punjab there is five borders
First on north east touch the Indian state of Jammu
Second on the east touch the Indian states of Punjab
Third on south touch Sindh province.
Fourth on west touch Balochistan and Khyber
Fifth on north touch Islamabad federal capital area
and Azad Kashmir
Punjab has the largest economy in
Pakistan, contributing most to the national GDP.
The province's economy has quadrupled since 1972
Its share of Pakistan's GDP was 54.7% in 2000 and
59% as of 2010. It is especially dominant in the
Service & Agriculture sectors of the Pakistan
It is also major manpower contributor because it has
largest pool of professionals and highly skilled
(Technically trained) manpower in Pakistan
The literacy rate has increased greatly since
independence. Punjab has the highest Human
Development Index out of all of Pakistan's
provinces at 59.6% in 2009
Punjab is also known as “The Land Of River”.
Punjab having five major rivers.
Jhelum River is the largest and most western of the
five rivers of Punjab, and passes through Jhelum
District. It is a tributary of the Indus River and has a
total length of about 480 miles ( 774 kilometers )
Chenab River is a major river of Jammu and
Kashmir, India and the Punjab of Pakistan. The
water of Chenab are allocated to Pakistan under
terms of the Indus Water Treaty.The total length of
river is 597 miles ( 960 kilometer)
The Ravi is the shortest river of Pakistan.The water
of Ravi River drain in to the Indian Ocean through
the Indus River.
Punjab has numerous large industrial concentrations
in sectors such as textiles, leather, and light
It also has geographically distinct industrial
clusters, the most well known of which is the
“industrial triangle” comprising Gujranwala,
Sialkot, and Gujrat.
In total, there are seven industrial zones/clusters in
Punjab: Lahore, Gujranwala, Faisalabad, Sialkot,
Sheikhupura, Wazirabad, and
Punjab is the second largest province in
Pakistan.Today, we are going explore some famous
places of Punjab.
The Lahore Fort, locally referred to as Shahi Qila
It is located in the northwestern corner of the Walled
City of Lahore.
The existing base structure was built during the
reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar between 1556–
It has two gates one is known as Alamgiri Gate
build by Emperor Aurangzeb which opens towards
Badshahi Mosque and other older one known as
Maseeti which opens towards Masjidi Gate Area of
Walled City and was built by Emperor Akbar.
The Badshahi Mosque or the 'Royal Mosque' in
Lahore, commissioned by the sixth Mughal
It is the second largest mosque in Pakistan and
It is the fifth largest mosque in the world.
the four minarets of the Badshahi Mosque are
13.9 ft (4.2 m) taller than those of the Taj Mahal.
The Lahore Museum was originally established in
1865-66 on the site of the hall or building of the
It was later shifted to its present site located on The
Mall in 1894
John Lockwood Kipling, was one of the earliest and
most famous curators of the museum.
The Museum contains large collection of
paintings, musical instruments, ancient
jewellery, textiles, pottery, and armory.
The Shalimar Garden sometimes written as
Shalamar Gardens, was built by the Mughal
emperor Shah Jahan in Lahore.
It was Construct in 1641 AD.
The project management of it was carried out under
the superintendence of Khalilullah Khan.
It contains three terraces and 410 fountains.
Minar-e-Pakistan ("Tower of Pakistan") is a public
monument located in Iqbal Park.
The tower was constructed in the 1960.
The All-India Muslim League passed the Lahore
Resolution on 23 March 1940.
The tower was designed by Naseer-ud-din Murat
The structural design was given by a civil engineer
Abdur Rehman Khan Niazi
The traditional dress for Punjabi men is the Punjabi
Kurta and Tehmat which is being replaced by the
Kurta and Pajama.
The traditional dress for women is the Punjabi
Salwar Suit which replaced the traditional Punjabi
Bhangra is one of the many Punjabi musical art
forms that is increasingly being listened to in the
west and is becoming a mainstream favourite.
Punjabi music is being used by western musicians,
in many ways, such as mixing it with other
compositions to produce award-winning music.
Punjabi Classical music is increasingly becoming
popular in the west.
The culture of Punjab derives its basis from the
institution of Sufi saints. The Sufi saints spread
Islam and preached and lived the Muslim way
Religious fairs are held on special days of
Islamic significance like Eid ul-Adha, Eid-ulFitr, Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi, Ashura, Laylat alQadr and Jumu'ah-tul-Wida
The main activities on these special occasions are
confined to congregational prayers and rituals.
Melas are also held to mark these occasions.
Basant is also a big festival celebrate in Punjab.
The Punjabi folk tales do not pine away, but rebel
against the conventional norms of society and
sacrifice everything for love.
There are four popular tragic romances of the
Heer Ranjha, Mirza Sahiba, Sassi Punnun, and
One of the main features of Punjabi cuisine is its
diverse range of dishes. Home cooked and
restaurant Punjabi cuisine can vary significantly,
with restaurant style using large amounts of ghee
(clarified butter) with liberal amounts of butter and
cream, with home cooking concentrating on mainly
upon preparations with whole wheat, rice and other
ingredients flavored with masala.