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Local agenda 21

Local agenda 21






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    Local agenda 21 Local agenda 21 Presentation Transcript

    • Ali Emad Jehad P71084 LOCAL AGENDA 21
    • What is Local Agenda 21:  Agenda 21 is a non-binding, voluntarily implemented action plan of the United Nations with regard to sustainable development. It is a product of the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. It is an action agenda for the UN, other multilateral organizations, and individual governments around the world that can be executed at local, national, and global levels. The "21" in Agenda 21 refers to the 21st Century. It has been affirmed and modified at subsequent UN conferences.
    • Structure and contents:  Agenda 21 is a 300-page document divided into 40 chapters that have been grouped into 4 sections:  Section I: Social and Economic Dimensions is directed toward combatting poverty, especially in developing countries, changing consumption patterns, promoting health, achieving a more sustainable population, and sustainable settlement in decision making.  Section II: Conservation and Management of Resources for Development Includes atmospheric protection, combating deforestation, protecting fragile environments, conservation of biological diversity (biodiversity), control of pollution and the management of biotechnology, and radioactive wastes.  Section III: Strengthening the Role of Major Groups includes the roles of children and youth, men, women, NGOs, local authorities, business and workers and strengthening the role of indigenous peoples, their communities, and farmers.  Section IV: Means of Implementation: implementation includes science, technology transfer, education, international institutions and financial mechanisms.
    • Is "sustainable development" the same thing as Agenda 21?  No. Sustainability is a mainstream concept, and sustainability initiatives in government, corporate America, academia, and local communities typically have no connection to Agenda 21. Learn more about.  In other parts of the world, especially the developing world, local governments and other stakeholders have more directly supported the principles of Agenda 21, which inspired their work to define their own sustainability goals based on local priorities. ICLEI has supported these local governments in their efforts.
    • Local level  The implementation of Agenda 21 was intended to involve action at international, national, regional and local levels. Some national and state governments have legislated or advised that local authorities take steps to implement the plan locally, as recommended in Chapter 28 of the document. These programs are often known as "Local Agenda 21" or "LA21“. For example, in the Philippines, the plan is "Philippines Agenda 21" (PA21). The group, ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability, formed in 1990; today its members come from 1,200 cities, towns, and counties in 70 countries and is widely regarded as a paragon of Agenda 21 implementation.  In other countries, opposition to Agenda 21's ideas has surfaced to varied extents. In some cases, opposition has been legislated into several States limiting or forbidding the participation and/or funding of local government activities that support Agenda 21.  Europe turned out to be the continent where LA21 was best accepted and most implemented. In Sweden, for example, all local governments have implemented a Local Agenda 21 initiative.
    • National level  The UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs' Division for Sustainable Development monitors and evaluates progress, nation by nation, towards the adoption of Agenda 21, and makes these reports available to the public on its website.  Australia, for example, is a signatory to Agenda 21 and 88 of its municipalities subscribe to ICLEI, an organization that promotes Agenda 21 globally. Australia's membership is second only to that of the United States. Opposition to Agenda 21 in Australia is not covered in the major media outlets. European countries generally possess well documented Agenda 21 statuses. France, whose national government, along with 14 cities, is a signatory, boasts nationwide programs supporting Agenda 21. The French activist group Nouvelle Force announced in March 2012 that they viewed Agenda 21 as a "sham"
    • Managing and improving the local authority's own environmental performance Integrating sustainable development aims into the local authority's policies and activities Measuring monitoring and reporting on progress towards sustainability Elements of a Local Agenda 21 Awareness raising and education Partnerships Consulting and involving the general public
    • Elements of a Local Agenda 21  1. Managing and improving the local      authority's own environmental performance Corporate commitment Staff training and awareness raising Environmental management systems Environmental budgeting Policy integration across sectors
    •  2. Integrating sustainable development aims into the           local authority's policies and activities Green housekeeping Land use planning Transport policies and programmes Economic development Tendering and purchase/provider splits Housing services Tourism and visitor strategies Health strategies Welfare, equal opportunities and poverty strategies Explicitly 'environmental' services
    •         3. Awareness raising and education Support for environmental education Awareness-raising events Visits and talks Support for voluntary groups Publication of local information Press releases Initiatives to encourage behaviour change and practical action
    •  4. Consulting and involving the general       public Public consultation processes Forums Focus groups 'Planning for real' Parish Maps Feedback mechanisms
    •  5. Partnerships  Meetings, workshops and conferences  Working groups/advisory groups  Rounds Tables  Environment City Model  Partnership initiatives  Developing-world partnerships and support
    •  6. Measuring monitoring and reporting on       progress towards sustainability Environmental monitoring Local state of the environment reporting Sustainability indicators Targets Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Strategic environmental assessment