Financial Plan
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Financial Plan

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Financial Plan Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Financial Plan
    • Your lender wants to know if your business will be financially successful.
    • Your spouse wants to know too!
  • 2. Financial Plan
    • In many cases, the financial plan is the most important part of your business plan.
    • The financial plan is particularly important if you are proposing a major change or a new business.
  • 3. Financial Plan
    • What do you need to include in your business plan to communicate financial viability?
  • 4. Financial Plan
    • Financial viability is generally evaluated from three perspectives:
      • Solvency
      • Profitability
      • Liquidity
  • 5. Financial Plan
    • Solvency evaluates changes in net worth
      • growth in your retirement account
    • Profitability monitor earnings
      • ability to generate income
    • Liquidity estimates cash flow and debt repayment ability
      • paying the bills when due
  • 6. Solvency
    • Compares the assets invested (what you own) in the business with the sources of capital (liabilities – what you owe and your net worth)
    • Requires an up to date balance sheet
  • 7. Profitability
    • Measures the earnings of the business
    • Requires an accrual income statement
    • Optionally use average net income from 3 years Schedule F tax forms
  • 8. Liquidity
    • Measures the ability of the business to generate cash to meet short term obligations
    • Requires a cash flow statement, usually projected for next year or more
  • 9. Financial Plan
    • The tools used to communicate a business’s financial situation are:
      • Balance sheet - solvency
      • Income statement - profitability
      • Cash flow plan – liquidity
  • 10. Balance Sheet
    • A snapshot of how funds are invested in a business (assets) and the financing methods used (liabilities and owner’s equity) at a given point in time.
  • 11. Balance Sheet
    • Most producers have an existing balance sheet because lenders require one annually.
    • If you need to develop or update your balance sheet you can use FINPACK or use the Guide worksheet.
  • 12. Income Statement
    • An income statement measures how much income the business is making in relation to the resources used to produce that income.
  • 13. Income Statement
    • Not all producers have an accrual income statement.
    • Should develop one for your business plan.
    • Can use FINPACK or the Guide worksheet.
  • 14. Cash Flow Plan
    • A cash flow plan is a projection of all sources and uses of cash during a specified planning period.
    • It evaluates the business’s ability to meet loan payments and other financial obligations on time.
  • 15. Cash Flow Plan
    • Most producers have an annual cash flow plan.
    • If you need to develop or update your cash flow plan you can use FINPACK or use the Guide worksheet.
  • 16. Financial Plan
    • Include a balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow plan in your business plan.
  • 17. Financial Plan
    • A written description of the strengths of these three measurements of your financial projections should also be included.
    • Also describe the assumptions you used to make your financial projections.
  • 18. Your Financial Numbers
    • Generating your financial statements from a program like FINPACK will make development of your business plan easier.
    • FINPACK provides not only a balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow, but also financial ratios to help evaluate the meaning of your financial numbers.
  • 19. Asset Management
    • Your financial plan should also describe how you acquire and manage capital assets - purchase, lease, or custom hire.
    • How efficiently are assets being used?
  • 20. Asset Management
    • An analysis of your investment in capital assets relative to the size of your business may be valuable as you plan the future of your business.
    • Asset management is often the best indicator of future net worth growth.
  • 21. Capital Required
    • The final part of your financial plan should describe how much money you need to implement your business plan.
    • Describe the sources of your financing.
    • Present your financing request if you have one.
  • 22. Resources
    • Guide worksheets
      • Balance sheet – worksheet 4.35
      • Projected profitability - worksheet 4.33
      • Cash flow – worksheet 4.34
  • 23. Resources
    • FINPACK Business Plan software
      • Balance sheet
      • Asset management
      • Projected profitability
      • Cash flow
      • Long range projections
      • Historical trends
      • Benchmarks
      • Capital required