History of CALL: Other histories of CALL  The 40s: The war years- Vannevar Bush and Memex The 50s: Preparing the ground Ro...
Other histories of CALL <ul><li>Two categories </li></ul><ul><li>Properly researched, objective historical accounts. </li>...
Other histories of CALL <ul><li>Kurshid Ahmad et al.(1985) – category 1; early history of the field. </li></ul><ul><li>Joh...
Other histories of CALL <ul><li>History of CALL    series of phases led by   technological considerations </li></ul><ul><...
The 40s: The war years- Vannevar Bush and Memex <ul><li>Influence of WW2 in technology </li></ul><ul><li>1st demonstration...
The 40s: The war years- Vannevar Bush and Memex <ul><li>The bases of the computer are established, “First draft of a repor...
The 50s: Preparing the ground <ul><li>The magnetic band of the BINAC – 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>Development of SAGE, militar...
The 50s: Preparing the ground <ul><li>ARPA, development for the Internet and processing standard, USA – 1958 </li></ul><ul...
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History of CALL

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History of CALL

  1. 1. History of CALL: Other histories of CALL The 40s: The war years- Vannevar Bush and Memex The 50s: Preparing the ground Rocío Bolado Alfredo Urbiola September 30, 2008
  2. 2. Other histories of CALL <ul><li>Two categories </li></ul><ul><li>Properly researched, objective historical accounts. </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretative; more subjective conclusions about advances and trends in the field. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Other histories of CALL <ul><li>Kurshid Ahmad et al.(1985) – category 1; early history of the field. </li></ul><ul><li>John R. Russell (1995) – category 1; history of CALL in North America. </li></ul><ul><li>Warschauer (LLT Journal, Hawaii) – category 2; evolution of CALL, three trends </li></ul><ul><li>Mike Levy (2000) – category 1; review of 40 years in the field </li></ul>
  4. 4. Other histories of CALL <ul><li>History of CALL  series of phases led by technological considerations </li></ul><ul><li>linguists </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> never –really– in control </li></ul>
  5. 5. The 40s: The war years- Vannevar Bush and Memex <ul><li>Influence of WW2 in technology </li></ul><ul><li>1st demonstration of communication data at distance (NY – Hannover) – January, 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Memoranding regarding Memex” published by Bush – March, 1941 </li></ul>
  6. 6. The 40s: The war years- Vannevar Bush and Memex <ul><li>The bases of the computer are established, “First draft of a report on the EDVAC” by Von Neumann – June 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>“ A Top US scientist foresees a possible future in which man-made machines will start to think” by Bush – November 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of the Mark 1 –first main-frame computer by Max Newman – 1948; Great Britain </li></ul>
  7. 7. The 50s: Preparing the ground <ul><li>The magnetic band of the BINAC – 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>Development of SAGE, military network </li></ul><ul><li>Development of UNIVAC (fast printer) – 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>IBM 650, first computer sold on large scale – 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>SABRE, commercial network and database by IBM – 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>RAMAC 305, first magnetic disk by IBM – 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>FORTRAN, 1st universal computer language – 1957 </li></ul>
  8. 8. The 50s: Preparing the ground <ul><li>ARPA, development for the Internet and processing standard, USA – 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>First integrated circuit by J. Kilby – 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of the notions of interactivity, interface and the mouse by Douglas Engelbart at the SRI – 1958-1962 </li></ul><ul><li>LISP, 1st language for AI by John McCarthy, MIT – 1959 </li></ul><ul><li>Alleged appearance of the first CALL program – 1959 </li></ul>
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