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    Assessmentpep Assessmentpep Presentation Transcript

    • ABJECTIVESList teaching strategies that pave the way for assessmentDefine assessmentDifferentiate between assessment and evaluationDefine and differentiate between formative and summative assessment
    • WHAT ARE SOME TEACHING STRATEGIES THAT AREUSED IN THE CLASSROOM?ProjectsCase studyRole playField tripsSimulationsDiscussionsLectureAssignments
    • WHAT IS ASSESSMENT?Assessment can be defined as a systematic ongoing process ofmonitoring learning• Assess progress toward outcomes, by and for both teacher and learner,continually during learning.• Measurement of student learning at the micro level
    • WHAT IS EVALUATION?This is a broad process and seeks to make judgment about the worth andeffectiveness of the learning programme.• Evaluate attainment of outcomes rigorously as each learning opportunityconcludes.• Evaluation is geared at the macro or holistic level of the learning event.
    • WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ASSESSMENTAND EVALUATION?Dimension of Difference Assessment EvaluationTiming Formative SummativeFocus of Measurement Process-Oriented Product-OrientedRelationship Between Administrator and RecipientReflective PrescriptiveFindings, Uses Thereof Diagnostic JudgmentalOngoing Modifiability of Criteria, Measures ThereofFlexible FixedStandards of Measurement Absolute ComparativeRelation Between Objects of A/E Coöperative Competitive
    • WHAT IS FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT?Ongoing assessment to improve qualityAssessment for learning (progress made during learning)Taken at varying intervals throughout the course to provide informationand feedback that will help improve: The quality o student learning The quality of the course itself
    • WHAT IS FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT?-CONTINUEDProvides information on what an individual student needs to: Practice Have re-taught Learn nextLooks forward; future achievementProcess orientedReflectiveFlexible
    • WHAT ARE SOME TYPES OF FORMATIVEASSESSMENT?Question and AnswerShort test and quizzesObservation of performanceProjectsSimulationsConferencesAssignmentsHomework exercises
    • WHAT IS SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT?Assessment of learning (knowledge and skills)Generally taken by students at the end of a unit and geared to demonstrate thesum of what was learned.Looks at past achievementsSeparated from teachingProduct orientedJudgmentalPrescriptive
    • SUMMARYFormative SummativeWhy? Purpose used as feedback to improve theprocess of learningused to measure the learning thathas taken placeReportTo whom?the learner receives feedback feedback is often in the form of areport to a third party e.g. theHead of Department or parentWhen? this generally happens during thelearning processthis generally tends to be the finalassessment after the learningprocess and is normally linked torewards (pass or fail)How?ExamplesIn the classroom:1. An educator assesses a teamexercise and intervenes afterdiscovering that some members arebeing left out. The result is that theteam functions better.2. A teacher marks an essay andgives comments and advice. Thestudent re-writes the essay inresponse to the comments beforebeing finally assessed.Everyday example:TV programme popularity ratings (ifprogrammes are rated poorly theyknow they must improve)In the classroom:Learners write exams at the end ofthe year to determine who passesand who failsEveryday example: Oscar awards foractors (the little Oscar statue is thereward for excellent performance