Dwg 2012-oct-07 - european commission open data and public sector information

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  • 1. Strategy to open Europes data Eurostat Dissemination Working Group Luxembourg 25.10.2012 Szymon Lewandowski Legal/Policy officer - "Data Value Chain" Unit European Commission, DG CONNECT 1
  • 2. EUROPEAN COMMISSIONThe Communication Networks, Content & Technology Directorate General Directorate Media and Data G1: Converging Media and Content G2: Creativity G3: Data Value Chain G4: Inclusion, Skills and Youth G5: Administration and Finance As from July 1st 2012 2
  • 3. Open (public data): why does it matter for Europe?1. 1. Untapped business and economic opportunities: data is the new gold; possible direct and indirect gains of €140bln across the EU272. 2. Better governance and citizen empowerment: open data increases transparency, citizen participation and administrative efficiency and accountability3. 3. Addressing societal challenges: data can enhance sustainability of health care systems; essential for tackling environmental challenges4. 4. Accelerating scientific progress: e-science essential for meeting the challenges of the 21st century in scientific discovery and learning. 3
  • 4. Commission Open Data Policy in EU context A strategy for smart,  One of the seven flagship "The Commission issustainable and initiatives of Europe 2020, set invited to make rapidinclusive growth out to define the key progress in key areas of enabling role that the use the digital economy to A vision to achieve of ICTs will have to play if ensure the creation ofhigh levels of Europe wants to succeed in its the Digital Singleemployment, a low ambitions for 2020. Market by 2015,carbon economy, including […] theproductivity and social  The overall aim […] availability of publiccohesion, to be is to deliver sustainable sector Information."implemented through economic and socialconcrete actions at EU benefits from a digital Conclusions of theand national levels. single market […] European Council (4 February 2011)  Action 3: Open up public data resources for re-use 4
  • 5. Open Data Strategy: 3 complementary strandsi. Communication on Open Dataii. Revision of the Public Sector Information (PSI) Directive & update of Commission decision on re-use of its own informationiii. Financing and support measures: support from FP7, Connecting Europe Facility and Horizon 2020 (2014- 2020) 5
  • 6. Virtuouscycle ofdata 6
  • 7. Main elements of the data cycle (1)Creation of "data value chain friendly" policy environment:- Fostering of (Open) Data policy- Adoption of the revised Directive on the re-use of Public Sector Information (PSI) and the Commission decision on re-use of its own information- Implementation of PSI policy across Europe by ensuring compliance and the development of soft law instruments (e.g. guidelines on licensing and charging)- Stakeholder involvement and engagement 7
  • 8. Revision of the Commission re-use decision Since 2006 public Commission information is open, free and re-usable without constraints Since 2011:+ Inclusion of the research data produced by the JRC under the re-use regime+ Measures to improve the implementation of the Decision+ A provision on the move towards machine-readable formats The Commission invites other EU institutions to adopt a similar re-use policy 8
  • 9. PSI Directive: current rules & current problems A minimal set of rules on fair competition, transparency and practical requirements but no right to re-use public data  Lack of information about available data, about terms of re-use, complicated licensing procedures; data available in formats hindering re-use A very permissive charging ceiling  instances of prohibitive charging Since 2003 much improvement but "PSI culture" still in the making 9
  • 10. Revision of the Directive – main proposed changes Creation of a genuine right to re-use public data: all public data not specifically excluded from re-use is to be re-usable Charging rules are amended: • Tariff ceiling lowered to marginal costs • In exceptional cases  possibility to recover costs and claim a reasonable return on investment if duly justified • Burden of proving compliance with charging rules shifts to public bodies Independent supervision (at MS level) of application of the rules is required Limited extension of scope  application of the minimal set of rulesof the 2003 Directive with additional safeguards 10
  • 11. How to re-use government data? • Combination of different types of data (e.g. geo, traffic and tourism) • EU-wide applications and services • Capitalise on the size of the internal market • Apps • Systems that facilitate decision making by companies 11
  • 12. Main elements of the data cycle (2)Multilingual (Open) Data infrastructure- Development of European Digital Service Infrastructure and fostering new services in relation to - Open Data portals at local, regional and national and European level - "Multilingual access to online services"- Leading by best practice examples … 12
  • 13. … the European data portals• European Commission data portal (2012)• Pan-European open data portal (2013) • Multilingual access point to data from across the EU, to be funded through CEF (Connecting Facility for Europe)• Benefits • Scale • Interoperability of datasets • Easy to find across languages • Similar basic use conditions 13
  • 14. https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/open-datahttps://webgate.ec.europa.eu/open-data/ 14
  • 15. 2012-2020: EU wide Open Data Infrastructures 2014-2020: progressive CEF: Sustainable model 2013:prototype implementationAccess to digital resources for financing the of a pan-European of the CEF of European Heritage EU public digital Open Data Portal Open Data “Europeana” library Europeana Infrastructure 15
  • 16. Financing and support measures for open datainfrastructures • Hackatons and competitions to foster setting up of data portals and applications: prizes, FP7 and CIP funding • Pan-European data portal: single access point to datasets from across the EU, expected launch 2013 (building upon FP7 funded R&D work) • Support for inception phase (2012-2013): CIP calls • Progressive implementation of Open Data Infrastructure (2014-2020): Connecting Europe Facility 16
  • 17. CEF* digital service infrastructure for data • “Core service platform” • Distributed system • Query and visualization tools • Open source • Governance model involving the data providers • “Generic services” • Aggregation of datasets • Interoperability of datasets • Interface to open data infrastructures in third countries • Data repositories and long-term preservation services*expected total funds for ICT/Digital: €9.2 billion 17
  • 18. Main elements of the data cycle (3)Supporting Research and innovation which fosters theintelligent use, management and reuse of complex and largeamount of data for- better decision making- efficiency- knowledge management- extraction of embedded intelligence and data insights.including- R&D in Multilingual data and content analytics- Innovation in Data driven intelligence and knowledge management in data intensive sectors 18
  • 19. Financing and support measures of R&Denhancing new data-handling technologies:• 2011-2013: ~ € 100 million• one of priority areas envisaged for ICT in Horizon 2020 (2014-2020)• Support of community building and exchange• Initiation of European Data Forum and roadmapping to foster the growth of the data economy 19
  • 20. Outlook - Horizon 2020• Period from 2014 until 2020• 40% budgetary increase (Commission proposal)• Administrative simplification: simpler funding rules; Open, light and fast schemes• Higher integration between R&D and innovation• "Data" will have even more importance 20
  • 21. Conclusion • ‘Big data’ has the future: OGD is part of it • Applications and services + re-use • Open data strategy: towards a better use of publicly funded data in Europe • European digital service infrastructure for data will help unleashing the potential 21
  • 22. Thank you!E-mail: CNECT-G3@ec.europa.eu 22