Visual perception images (organisation & interpretation)

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Contains examples of the Gestalt Principles, Depth Cues & Visual illusions

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  • Figure-groundWe see these objects as figures against the background.
  • ClosureHere, gaps are closed to make a complete figure.
  • SimilarityIn these examples, organisation depends on similarity of colour and/or shape.
  • ProximityNotice how differently a group of six or nine objects can be perceptually organised, depending on their spacing.
  • Figure 3.24 a Are the centre dots in both figures the same size? b Context alters the meaning of the middle. (Adapted from Bruner & Minturn, 1955)
  • Figure 3.24 a Are the centre dots in both figures the same size? b Context alters the meaning of the middle. (Adapted from Bruner & Minturn, 1955)
  • Figure 3.16 Pictorial cue:Linear perspective
  • Figure 3.16 Pictorial cue: Relative size
  • Figure 3.16 Pictorial cue: Interposition
  • Figure 3.16 Pictorial cue: Texture gradient
  • Figure 3.16 Pictorial cue: Height in visual field
  • Figure 3.21 Necker’s cube.
  • Visual illusion 1: Is the diagonal a straight line? Check it with a ruler.
  • Visual illusion 2:Is this a drawing of a staircase descending from upper left to lower right, or is it a view from under a staircase from lower right to upper left?
  • Visual illusion 3:Are these lines parallel? Cover some of the slash marks to see.
  • Visual illusion 4:Which line is larger: the horizontal or the vertical line?
  • Visual illusion 5:Notice how the background distorts the square.
  • Visual illusion 6:Which shape is larger?
  • Visual illusion 7:Which column is shortest? Which is longest?
  • Figure 3.29 The Müller-Lyer illusion. Which of the horizontal lines is the longer?
  • Figure 3.31 The Ames room. From the front, as shown in a and b, the room looks normal; the actual right-hand corner is very short and the left-hand corner is very tall. The diagram in c shows the shape of the room and reveals why people appear to ‘grow’ as they cross towards the nearer, shorter right-hand corner. The floor plan in d shows people’s actual positions in the Ames room in relation to the viewer.
  • Figure 3.31 The Ames room. From the front, as shown in a and b, the room looks normal; the actual right-hand corner is very short and the left-hand corner is very tall. The diagram in c shows the shape of the room and reveals why people appear to ‘grow’ as they cross towards the nearer, shorter right-hand corner. The floor plan in d shows people’s actual positions in the Ames room in relation to the viewer.
  • Visual perception images (organisation & interpretation)

    1. 1. Gestalt Principles
    2. 2. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
    3. 3. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
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    7. 7. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
    8. 8. DepthPerception
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    13. 13. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
    14. 14. Visual Illusions
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    23. 23. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
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