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# Visual perception images (organisation & interpretation)

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Contains examples of the Gestalt Principles, Depth Cues & Visual illusions

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• Figure-groundWe see these objects as figures against the background.
• ClosureHere, gaps are closed to make a complete figure.
• SimilarityIn these examples, organisation depends on similarity of colour and/or shape.
• ProximityNotice how differently a group of six or nine objects can be perceptually organised, depending on their spacing.
• Figure 3.24 a Are the centre dots in both figures the same size? b Context alters the meaning of the middle. (Adapted from Bruner &amp; Minturn, 1955)
• Figure 3.24 a Are the centre dots in both figures the same size? b Context alters the meaning of the middle. (Adapted from Bruner &amp; Minturn, 1955)
• Figure 3.16 Pictorial cue:Linear perspective
• Figure 3.16 Pictorial cue: Relative size
• Figure 3.16 Pictorial cue: Interposition
• Figure 3.16 Pictorial cue: Texture gradient
• Figure 3.16 Pictorial cue: Height in visual field
• Figure 3.21 Necker’s cube.
• Visual illusion 1: Is the diagonal a straight line? Check it with a ruler.
• Visual illusion 2:Is this a drawing of a staircase descending from upper left to lower right, or is it a view from under a staircase from lower right to upper left?
• Visual illusion 3:Are these lines parallel? Cover some of the slash marks to see.
• Visual illusion 4:Which line is larger: the horizontal or the vertical line?
• Visual illusion 5:Notice how the background distorts the square.
• Visual illusion 6:Which shape is larger?
• Visual illusion 7:Which column is shortest? Which is longest?
• Figure 3.29 The Müller-Lyer illusion. Which of the horizontal lines is the longer?
• Figure 3.31 The Ames room. From the front, as shown in a and b, the room looks normal; the actual right-hand corner is very short and the left-hand corner is very tall. The diagram in c shows the shape of the room and reveals why people appear to ‘grow’ as they cross towards the nearer, shorter right-hand corner. The floor plan in d shows people’s actual positions in the Ames room in relation to the viewer.
• Figure 3.31 The Ames room. From the front, as shown in a and b, the room looks normal; the actual right-hand corner is very short and the left-hand corner is very tall. The diagram in c shows the shape of the room and reveals why people appear to ‘grow’ as they cross towards the nearer, shorter right-hand corner. The floor plan in d shows people’s actual positions in the Ames room in relation to the viewer.
• ### Visual perception images (organisation & interpretation)

1. 1. Gestalt Principles
2. 2. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
3. 3. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
4. 4. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
5. 5. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
6. 6. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
7. 7. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
8. 8. DepthPerception
9. 9. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
10. 10. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
11. 11. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
12. 12. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
13. 13. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
14. 14. Visual Illusions
15. 15. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
16. 16. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
17. 17. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
18. 18. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
19. 19. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
20. 20. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
21. 21. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
22. 22. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
23. 23. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
24. 24. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009
25. 25. Nelson Psychology VCE Units 1 & 2: Teacher Resource CD 9780170185202© Cengage Learning Australia 2009