Toxicity effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in marine

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The International Institute for Science, Technology and Education (IISTE). Science, Technology and Medicine Journals Call for Academic Manuscripts …

The International Institute for Science, Technology and Education (IISTE). Science, Technology and Medicine Journals Call for Academic Manuscripts

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  • 1. Journal of Natural Sciences Research www.iiste.org ISSN 2224-3186 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0921 (Online) Vol.4, No.13, 2014 – Special Issue 55 Selection and peer review by the scientific conference committee under responsibility of the Australian Society for Commerce, Industry and Engineering Toxicity Effects of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles in Marine Algae Choong Siew-Ling 1 , Kok Yih-Yih 2 , and Chu Wan-Loy3 1 International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 2 International Medical University, Department of Human Biology, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 3 International Medical University, Department of Post Graduate and Research Studies, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia *Email address of corresponding author: nicolechoong18@hotmail.com Abstract Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2) are mineral compounds that had been manipulated to its nano-scale dimension, approximately 1 to 100nm. Nano-scaled TiO2 are claimed to have better chemical, physical and biological properties which make them enormously applied in industrial manufacturing. However, this has become a big threat to the environment due to the increase disposal of TiO2 into the environment whereby both human and other living organisms could be adversely affected. The aim of this study was to study the effects of TiO2 nanoparticles on two marine microalgae Dunaleilla tertiolecta and Pavlova gyrans. The change in photosynthetic pigments chlorophyll a and carotenoid content was used to measure the response of algae species towards the presence of TiO2 nanoparticle. The results showed Dunaleilla tertiolecta was more susceptible to TiO2 nanoparticles with lower effective concentration of 50% (EC50) at 31.25 mg/L compared to Pavlova gyrans. In addition, TiO2 was found to aggregate and adsorb on algal membrane and reduced its motility. In conclusion, TiO2 nanoparticles caused an impactful effect to the ecosystem and the post production wastes should be managed appropriately.
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