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Computer Engineering and Intelligent Systems www.iiste.orgISSN 2222-1719 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2863 (Online)Vol 3, No.5, 2012 Land Vehicle Tracking System Using Java on Android Platform Ramesh Chandra Gadri* Bhagyshree Alhat Ankita Chavan Sujata Kamble Reema Sonawane Computer Engineering Department, Pune University, MAE, Alandi Pune, Maharashtra 412105, India * firstname.lastname@example.orgAbstractAs urban living environment is becoming more and more complex, the road condition is becoming worsebecause of heavy traffic, increase of traffic accidents and high ratio of empty vehicles. It increases the cost oftransportation and wastes time of vehicle movement. To solve such problems, a land vehicle tracking system hasbeen developed. A land vehicle tracking system determines the position of land rover with a terminal withembedded GPS receiver or PCS phone and displays the position on a digital map. Recently, vehicle trackingtechnologies have brought some breakthrough in these areas: commercial vehicle operations, fleet management,dispatching, emergency rescue, hazard material monitoring, and security.Keywords: Android, Java, Eclipse, GPS, AGPS, Land Vehicle Tracking, Internet.1. IntroductionA vehicle tracking system combines the installation of an electronic device in a vehicle, or fleet of vehicles, withpurpose-designed computer software at least at one operational base to enable the owner or a third party to trackthe vehicles location, collecting data in the process from the field and deliver it to the base of operation. Modernvehicle tracking systems commonly use GPS or GLONASS technology for locating the vehicle, but other types ofautomatic vehicle location technology can also be used. Vehicle information can be viewed on electronic maps viathe Internet or specialized software. In case of our software the device that we are going to use is an androidphone and the vehicles will be watched by an administrator using a web application.2. Objectives of the Proposed ProjectWe are going to use GPS for locating the position of vehicle. We will also find the speed of the vehicle in realtime to find whether a driver is adhering to the speed limits.• We can track vehicles through android application using GPS to find out where a bus is using a web application which requires login of administrator.• We can also find out speed and if driver breaks speed then we can fine them accordingly.• Parents can also see the current location of their kids through real time update.• When a stop comes we can intimate the administrator and the people sitting in bus to come in front for their stop.3. Actual Working of Project3.1 Client Mobile Module at Bus:1. Create Bus account.2. Collect Bus Data(like GPS location and speed of bus)3. Post Bus Data.3.2 Server Module:1. Read Bus location API.2. Save Bus Location API.3. Create Bus API3.3 Admin Mobile Application / Parent Mobile Application:1. Select Bus Screen2. Map view with live bus marker.3. Set alert for bus reaching at particular location.4. AndroidANDROID (Automated Numeration of Data Realized by Optimized Image Detection) Android is an operatingsystem for mobile devices such as Smartphone and tablet computers. It is developed by the Open HandsetAlliance led by Google. Android consists of a kernel based on the Linux kernel, with middleware, libraries and 88
Computer Engineering and Intelligent Systems www.iiste.orgISSN 2222-1719 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2863 (Online)Vol 3, No.5, 2012APIs written in C and application software running on an application framework which includes Java-compatiblelibraries based on Apache Harmony. Android uses the Dalvik virtual machine with just-in-time compilation torun Dalvik dex-code (Dalvik Executable), which is usually translated from Java bytecode.4.1 ADT Plug-in for EclipseAndroid Development Tools (ADT) is a plug-in for the Eclipse IDE that is designed to give you a powerful,integrated environment in which to build Android applications.ADT extends the capabilities of Eclipse to let youquickly set up new Android projects, create an application UI, add components based on the Android FrameworkAPI, debug your applications using the Android SDK tools, and even export signed (or unsigned) .apk files inorder to distribute your application. Developing in Eclipse with ADT is highly recommended and is the fastestway to get started.4.2 Android Open Source ProjectThe Android Open Source Project (AOSP) is led by Google, and is tasked with the maintenance anddevelopment of Android. According to the project “The goal of the Android Open Source Project is to create asuccessful real-world product that improves the mobile experience for end users.”AOSP also maintains theAndroid Compatibility Program, defining an “Android compatible” device “as one that can run any applicationwritten by third-party developers using the Android SDK and NDK”, to prevent incompatible Androidimplementations.4.3 Linux KernelAndroid’s kernel is based on the Linux kernel and has further architecture changes by Google outside the typicalLinux kernel development cycle. Android does not have a native X Window System nor does it support the fullset of standard GNU libraries, and this makes it difficult to port existing Linux applications or libraries toAndroid. Certain features that Google contributed back to the Linux kernel, notably a power management featurecalled wake locks, were rejected by mainline kernel developers, partly because kernel maintainers felt thatGoogle did not show any intent to maintain their own code.5. Location TechnologyNowadays, a substantial number of smart phone have multimedia ability and geo-locating ability. While somepeople may get confused with GPS and AGPS here we provide a brief background study about them.5.1 Global Positioning System (GPS)Global Positioning System is composed of satellites and GPS receivers.GPS receivers receive signals from thesatellites orbiting in space in 6 different planes 20 kilometers away from Earth (Porcino, 2001). There are 24satellites orbiting in space at present originally owned by United States government for military purposes and arenow opened for commercial use. The GPS receiver installed in the mobile handsets will receive radio signalsfrom satellites and compare with the local duplication of geo data to calculate its actual location on Earth. Toincrease the accuracy, data received from three satellites can perform the calculation of two- dimensionallocation, including the longitude and latitude. For three- dimensional location information, consisting longitude,latitude and altitude, data from at least 4 satellites are required.5.2 Assisted Global Positioning System (AGPS)AGPS is sometimes known as Aided Global Positioning System. As it stated, the positioning mechanism behindit requires assistance data together with the satellites. (Karunanayake et al., 2007) illustrates an AGPS system inbrief. As mentioned by Karunanayake et all assistance data helps to increase sensitivity, so that allowing thedevice to function well in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) signal environment, such as urban canyons and indoors.Traditional GPS receivers are designed to function under line-of-sight (LOS) environment, therefore when thereare inadequate signals detected, AGPS can get help from assistance data. However, when there is no assistancedata from network, normally data are came from cellular network nowadays, AGPS architectureallows GPS receivers to work on solely so as to increase system flexibility.6. Product Perspective6.1 OverviewThe system will be basically a project that consists of client part, server part and GPS part. Also will look at theinformation’s of routes, drivers and give the most optimal options to the user. Moreover, user may see and searchthe users’ and vehicles’ information in to the system repository. The most important component of our system isGPS. The coordinates of the vehicles that incoming build up the system’s treatment. The purpose of this 89
Computer Engineering and Intelligent Systems www.iiste.orgISSN 2222-1719 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2863 (Online)Vol 3, No.5, 2012document is to model and design the project with the requirements defined in the SRS document. We are goingto use GPS for locating the position of vehicle. Vehicle tracking systems are devices used for tracking location ofvehicles in real time.6.2 Applications• Vehicle tracking systems are commonly used by fleet operators for fleet management functions such as fleet tracking, routing, dispatch, on-board information and security.• Vehicle tracking systems are also popular in consumer vehicles as a theft prevention and retrieval device. Police can simply follow the signal emitted by the tracking system and locate the stolen vehicle.• Asset tracking: Companies needing to track valuable assets for insurance.• Field service management: Companies with a field service workforce for services such as repair or maintenance, must be able to plan field workers’ time, schedule subsequent customer visits and be able to operate these departments efficiently.• Field sales: Mobile sales professionals can access real-time locations.• Trailer tracking: Haulage and Logistics companies often operate Lorries with detachable load carrying units.7. ConclusionVehicle tracking system resulted in improving overall productivity with better fleet management that in turn offersbetter return on your investments. Better scheduling or route planning can enable you handle larger jobs loadswithin a particular time. Vehicle tracking both in case of personal as well as business purpose improves safety andsecurity, communication medium, performance monitoring and increases productivity. So in the coming year, it isgoing to play a major role in our day-to-day living.8. AcknowledgmentWe would like to express our gratitude towards a number of people whose support and consideration has been aninvaluable asset during the course of this work9. References Mi Hyun Eom, Eun Young Han and Hee Soon Chang. (2001), “Implementation of Internet-basedLand Vehicle Tracking System using Java” Chia-Chi Teng and Richard Helps. (2010), “Mobile Application Development: Essential New Directionsfor IT” Agung Dewandaru, Abas M. Said and Abdul Nasir Matori. (2007), “A Novel Map-matching Algorithm toImprove Vehicle Tracking System Accuracy” Feng Liu, Jan Sparbert and Christoph Stiller. (2008), “IMMPDA Vehicle Tracking System usingAsynchronous Sensor Fusion of Radar and Vision” 90
Computer Engineering and Intelligent Systems www.iiste.orgISSN 2222-1719 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2863 (Online)Vol 3, No.5, 2012 Figure 3. Global Positioning System 92
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