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  • 1. The Bard of Avon
  • 2.
    • From childhood to death
  • 3.
    • Baptized in 26 April 1564
    • Birth date is unknown.
    • Died at the age of 52 in 23 April 1616
    • Playwright , poet and actor
    • Married to Anne Hathaway (married from 1582 to 1616)
  • 4.
    • It is unknown exactly when or how Shakespeare started writing, but several of his plays were on London stage by 1592
    • Son of John Shakespeare, successful glover and alderman, and Mary Arden, the daughter of an affluent landowning farmer.
    • William’s social status is quite high as his parents are all very wealthy.
  • 5.
    • Shakespeare’s plays was very well-received because the topics were very universal
    • His plays talked about love, loss, behavior and mannerism.
    • People can always relate the plays to situations in real life.
    • Anyone who had loved someone would have behaved similarly as portrayed in the play.
  • 6.
    • When Shakespeare was in London, he was not really famous for his plays, but for being attacked by playwright Robert Greene!
    • Suicide happens exactly 13 times in Shakespeare’s plays.
    • Shakespeare lived for only 52 years(1564-1616).
    • Shakespeare wrote a total of 37 plays and 154 sonnets.
  • 7.
    • The Shakespearian Time
  • 8.
    • Elizabethan Era (1558-1603)
    • The Golden Age in English history
    • Height of the English Renaissance
  • 9.
    • Anglo-Spanish War (1585~1604)
    • Conflict Between the two kingdoms: Spain and England
    • Started with British expedition to Netherlands
    • Support the resistance of the States General of Netherlands
    • Both parties achieved some of their aims, but lost a lot of their treasuries
    • Ended with the Treaty of London negotiated in 1604 by the representatives of King Phillip III and the new king of England, James I
  • 10.
    • English Reformation
    • A series of events in the 16 th century
    • England broke free of the authority of Pope and the Roman Catholic Church
  • 11.
    • Ruled by Queen Elizabeth
    • Queen Elizabeth enjoyed art, music and plays
    • Encouraged a lot of writers like Shakespeare to develop.
    • The social system was such that if you come from the noble family, you have a high social status.
  • 12.
    • The theatres are usually polygonal in plan to give an overall rounded effect.
    • The balcony provided is used in plays such as Romeo and Juliet.
  • 13.
    • The revival of art and literature
  • 14.
    • Happened during the 14 th century to the 17 th century
    • Renaissance means the revival, rebirth of art and learning
    • In French, ri- “again” and nascere- “birth”
  • 15.
    • Black Death/Plague
    • A pandemic during the 14 th century Europe
    • Changed the views of people
    • People started to care more about their lives on Earth instead of spirituality and afterlife
  • 16.
    • Shakespeare used his knowledge of Greek and Roman classics in his plays, which was suppressed by the Roman Catholics before the Renaissance
    • Since social hierarchy is not longer existing, it allowed Shakespeare the humanity of any character, regardless of their social position.
  • 17.