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Transcript

  • 1. Preview
    • Bellringer
    • Objectives
    • How STDs and HIV Are Spread
    • Facts About STDs and HIV/AIDS
    • Common STDs in Teens
    • Eliminating the Risks of STDs and HIV/AIDS
    • Reducing the Risks of STDs and HIV/AIDS
    Chapter 2 Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS
  • 2. Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS Bellringer
    • What are the most common bacterial STDs that teens get? What can you do to make certain that you don’t get an STD?
    Chapter 2
  • 3. Objectives
    • Describe how sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are spread.
    • Summarize six important facts that a person should know about STDs and HIV/AIDS.
    • Name four STDs that are common among sexually active teenagers.
    Chapter 2 continued on next slide Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS
  • 4. Objectives, continued
    • Identify five risk factors that can lead to an STD or HIV infection.
    • State the best way for teens to eliminate the risk of contracting an STD or HIV/AIDS.
    • List five ways you can reduce your risk of contracting an STD or HIV/AIDS.
    Chapter 2 Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS
  • 5. How STDs and HIV Are Spread
    • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infectious diseases that are spread by sexual contact.
    • Some STDs, such as HIV and hepatitis B and C, can be spread by sharing needles or other drug injection equipment.
    • Many STDs can also be spread from a mother to her baby before and during childbirth. HIV can be transmitted during breastfeeding.
    Chapter 2 Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS
  • 6. Facts About STDs and HIV/AIDS
    • STDs are caused by viruses, bacteria, or protists.
    • STDs are spread by the exchange of bodily fluids, genital-to-genital contact, mouth-to-genital contact, genital-to-anal contact, or direct contact with infected skin lesions.
    • Anyone who engages in high-risk behavior can contract STDs or HIV/AIDS.
    Chapter 2 Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS
  • 7. Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS Facts About STDs and HIV/AIDS
    • HIV/AIDS and many STDs cause few or no symptoms in the early stages of infection.
    • Some STDs, but not all, can be cured by antibiotics.
    • STDs and HIV/AIDS are serious risks to your health.
    Chapter 2
  • 8. Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS Facts About STDs and HIV/AIDS Chapter 2
  • 9. Common STDs in Teens
    • Chlamydia and gonorrhea are common bacterial STDs in teens in the United States.
    • Human papillomavirus (HPV) and genital herpes are common viral STDs in teens.
    • Teen females have a higher risk of getting STDs than teen males do.
    Chapter 2 Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS
  • 10. Chapter 2 Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS
  • 11. Eliminating the Risks of STDs and HIV/AIDS
    • Abstinence completely eliminates the risk of getting STDs and HIV through sexual contact. It is therefore the healthiest choice for preventing STDs.
    • Monogamy is the state of having only one sexual partner.
    • A monogamous and committed relationship is the best choice for couples to eliminate the risk of catching an STD.
    Chapter 2 Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS
  • 12. Reducing the Risks of STDs and HIV/AIDS
    • Delay the age of first sexual intimacy.
    • Limit the number of sexual partners.
    • Avoid using alcohol and other drugs.
    • Avoid sharing needles and other equipment for drug injection, body piercing, or tattooing.
    • Avoid sexual intimacy with high-risk partners.
    • Get tested for STDs and HIV.
    • Use male latex condoms.
    Chapter 2 Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS
  • 13. Chapter 2 Section 1 Preventing STDs and HIV/AIDS
  • 14. Preview
    • Bellringer
    • Objectives
    • Make Responsible Decisions
    • Get Tested for STDs and HIV
    Chapter 2 Section 2 Taking Responsibility for Your Health
  • 15. Section 2 Taking Responsibility for Your Health Bellringer
    • Imagine that you suspect a friend has become infected with an STD. Write a narrative describing you think the friend should do in this situation.
    Chapter 2
  • 16. Objectives
    • Describe how making responsible decisions can help stop the spread of STDs and HIV.
    • State four important topics to address when talking with a health care professional about getting tested for STDs and HIV.
    • Identify five things a person should do if he or she has been possibly exposed to an STD or HIV infection.
    • List four positive decisions or choices you can make to protect your health and the health of others from STDs and HIV.
    Chapter 2 Section 2 Taking Responsibility for Your Health
  • 17. Make Responsible Decisions
    • If every person takes responsibility for his or her actions, the spread of STDs and HIV can be stopped.
    • Talk honestly with your partner about your sexual history and the risks of spreading STDs before you are sexually intimate.
    Chapter 2 Section 2 Taking Responsibility for Your Health
  • 18. Get Tested for STDs and HIV
    • If you think you may have been exposed to an STD or HIV, get tested.
    • Confidentiality is a legal requirement that prohibits healthcare providers from revealing patients’ names or test results.
    • Doctors usually test for several STDs at once. HIV testing may be done separately.
    • If the STD can be treated, the doctor will prescribe medications.
    • Avoid all sexual activity while you are infected.
    Chapter 2 Section 2 Taking Responsibility for Your Health
  • 19. Chapter 2 Section 2 Taking Responsibility for Your Health