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Increasing contemporary security concerns seems to justify the use of innovative technology tools,
such as Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) cameras. However, these innovative tools are also means
for increasing social control by the state. It is postulated that without proper accountability
mechanisms, the use of privacy invading surveillance technologies will contribute to the creation of a
‘panoptic surveillance state’. For that reason this thesis intends to conduce to a more accountable
deployment and use of CCTV cameras, by focusing on proportionate ‘checks and balances’, which
implies that public authorities are held accountable for their laws, regulations, policies, and actions.
The intended approach of this research is to analyse and assess the governmental accountability
mechanisms, which reflect the deployment and use of CCTV by public authorities in public areas, in
the United Kingdom and in the Netherlands.