Black history

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Black history

  1. 1. By Alexander Chen<br />Black History<br />
  2. 2. Can be traced back to 1760 BC<br />Spanish enslaved Native Americans through their policy of encomienda<br />Spanish failed to bring Africans to America and the white revolutionaries saw the opportunity to make Africans work for them<br />African slaves brought to America by Dutch in 1619<br />Whites bought and owned slaves<br />Slavery<br />
  3. 3. Rules of the slaves<br />Slaves could not gather in groups of 4 or more<br />Slaves caught escaping would be beaten or have their limbs cut off<br />Slaves could not own weapons<br />Slaves could not learn to read or write<br />Slaves could not leave their owner’s property<br />This was to ensure the slaves would not escape and think of freedom<br />Slavery<br />
  4. 4. In relation to the novel<br />Slaves, mostly blacks, were discriminated<br />They were not thought of highly<br />The study of slavery helps me understand how the blacks were treated and how their white counterparts saw them<br />Slavery<br />
  5. 5. Southern states – North Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Virginia, Tennessee and Louisianna<br />Led by Abraham Lincoln<br /> Was fought to curb slavery from expanding to other states where slavery did not exist<br />War was fought from 1861 to 1865<br />The civil war<br />
  6. 6. Begun in 1950<br />Movements in the United States aimed at outlawing racial discrimination against African Americans and restoring voting rights in Southern states<br />Supported by John Kennedy<br />Outcome was that Blacks were equal to Whites<br />Civil rights movement<br />
  7. 7. Brown v. Board of Education<br />Blacks were unhappy about over populated school premises and unsuitable conditions in their school<br />Judge ordered segregation to be phased out over time<br />Desegregating Little Rock<br />9 Black students were sent to Little Rock Central High School<br />One of Nine black students turned up because she did not receive a phone call about the dangers of attending school<br />She was harassed and was brought into a police car for her protection<br />The nine black students had to be escorted by federal troops but still were harassed and attacked<br />Civil rights movement<br />
  8. 8. A woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger<br />Parks was arrested, tried, and convicted for disorderly conduct and violating a local ordinance<br />African-Americans demanded a more humane bus transportation system<br />Pushed for desegregation and boycott lasted 381 days<br />Reduced bus revenue to up to 80% which led to the desegregation in buses<br />Montgomery Bus Boycott<br />
  9. 9. 9 Black boys were accused of raping 2 white girls<br />They were trialed in an unfairly, which included a set-up and an all white jury<br />Tom Robinson was falsely accused of raping MayellaEwell<br />Scottsboro trials<br />
  10. 10. A Southern Belle is a a young woman of the American Old South's upper class.<br />A Southern Gentleman is a man who is polite and is someone worth respecting<br />Atticus – He is polite and is respected, and even decided to defend a black in court<br />Bob Ewell – He is ruthless as he raped his own daughter and accused someone else of doing so<br />Traits of a true Southern Belle and Southern Gentleman<br />
  11. 11. Born on April 28, 1926 in Monroeville, Alabama<br />Pursued a law degree at the University of Alabama from 1945 to 1949<br />Studied for a summer in Oxford, England, before moving to New York City, where she worked as a reservation clerk<br />Continued as a reservation clerk until 1958, when she devoted herself to writing<br />Published To Kill a Mocking Bird on July 11, 1960<br />TKMB was the only book Lee published<br />Won the 1961 Pulitzer Prize for fiction<br />Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom of the United States for her contribution to literature in 2007<br />
  12. 12. Thanks you for you kind attention<br />The end<br />

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