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because good research needs good data                             Derestricting Datasets                            How to...
OutlineWhy license research data?Licensing options    Creative Commons    Open Data Commons    Open Government Licence    ...
Why license research data?The open data argument      To allow the data to be used in new ways: comparative studies,      ...
Types of licenses      Contracts                                                £      Pure licences      WaiversIPR and L...
Licensing questions  1. Do you need to make a choice?             Institutional policy             Data archive policy  2....
Multiple licensing  Development                      Development  Community                          PartnersCopyleft     ...
Creative Commonsb       BY        Attributionn NC Non-Commercial                                                          ...
Creative Commonsb       BY     Attribution     Attribution stackingn NC Non-Commercial                                    ...
Open Data Commons      Attribution Licence (ODC-BY)          b/      Open Database Licence (ODC-ODbL)          ba /      E...
Open Government Licence      Attribution b      Terminates on illegal/misleading usage of data      Can only be used for p...
GILF/AusGOAL Licences      Six Australian CC Licences      Restrictive Licence             Contract template: standard leg...
Design Science Licence      Attribution and Share Alike ba      Distinguishes source data from visualisations      Does no...
Public Domain      Creative Commons Zero (CC0)                                  p      Open Data Commons Public Domain Ded...
Attaching the licence to the data[This database is/These data are/〈name of dataset〉 is] made availableunder the Public Dom...
Further Information     A Digital Curation Centre and JISC Legal     ‘working level’ guide                                ...
because good research needs good data                     Thank you for your attention                   DCC Website: http...
Group ExerciseHow would you license the following datasets?  1. Power consumption at your house  2. Temperature and humidi...
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Derestricting Datasets: How to License Research Data

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Presentation given by Alex Ball of DCC/UKOLN, University of Bath, at the workshop 'IPR and Licensing: Tips, Traps and Techniques' held on 25 Feburary 2011 in London.

Master URL: http://opus.bath.ac.uk/22975

Abstract: This talk is intended to help workshop participants decide how to apply a licence to their research data, and which licence would be most suitable. It covers why licensing data is important, the impact licences have on future research, and the potential pitfalls to avoid.

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Transcript of "Derestricting Datasets: How to License Research Data"

  1. 1. because good research needs good data Derestricting Datasets How to License Research Data Alex Ball DCC/UKOLN, University of Bath 25 February 2011 Except where otherwise stated, this work is licensed under Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 2.5 Scotland: http: Funded by //creativecommons.org/licenses/by- nc- sa/2.5/scotland/IPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  2. 2. OutlineWhy license research data?Licensing options Creative Commons Open Data Commons Open Government Licence GILF/AusGOAL Licences Design Science Licence Public DomainMechanisms for Licensing DataFurther InformationGroup ExerciseIPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  3. 3. Why license research data?The open data argument To allow the data to be used in new ways: comparative studies, data mining, interdisciplinary studies, ‘citizen science’. . . To permit greater scrutiny of research To raise standards of documentation To protect researchers from challenges To accelerate community-wide learning from experience To increase efficiency To increase impactThe pragmatic argument To provide clarityIPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  4. 4. Types of licenses Contracts £ Pure licences WaiversIPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  5. 5. Licensing questions 1. Do you need to make a choice? Institutional policy Data archive policy 2. Would a standard licence suffice? 3. Do you need to write your own licence? 4. Do you need more than one licence?IPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  6. 6. Multiple licensing Development Development Community PartnersCopyleft c Licence Licence fees Core Product Licence fees Copyleft Reseller Licence Copyleft Users Customers Välimäki, M. (2003). Dual licensing in open source software industry. Systemes d’Information et Man- agement, 8 (1), 63–75. Retrieved 3 September Migration 2010, from http : / / opensource . mit . edu / papers/valimaki.pdfIPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  7. 7. Creative Commonsb BY Attributionn NC Non-Commercial ca SA Share Aliked ND No DerivativesIPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  8. 8. Creative Commonsb BY Attribution Attribution stackingn NC Non-Commercial c What counts as commercial?a SA Share Alike Reduces interoperabilityd ND No Derivatives Severely restricts useIPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  9. 9. Open Data Commons Attribution Licence (ODC-BY) b/ Open Database Licence (ODC-ODbL) ba / Explicitly distinguishes database structure from contents, and deriving visualisations from deriving new databases.IPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  10. 10. Open Government Licence Attribution b Terminates on illegal/misleading usage of data Can only be used for public sector data Cannot be used for logos, insignia, personal data, otherwise encumbered data Does not distinguish database structure from contentsIPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  11. 11. GILF/AusGOAL Licences Six Australian CC Licences Restrictive Licence Contract template: standard legal code modified using schedules Expiry date Geographical restriction Different copying/distribution terms for confidential and ordinary data Licence fees Other restrictions and permissionsIPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  12. 12. Design Science Licence Attribution and Share Alike ba Distinguishes source data from visualisations Does not distinguish database structure from contents Redistribution requirementsIPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  13. 13. Public Domain Creative Commons Zero (CC0) p Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (ODC-PDDL) Open Data Commons Database Contents Licence (ODC-DbCL) Community norms?IPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  14. 14. Attaching the licence to the data[This database is/These data are/〈name of dataset〉 is] made availableunder the Public Domain Dedication and License v1.0 whose full text can be found at: http://www.opendatacommons.org/licenses/pddl/1.0/ http://www.example.com/data/set/1 http://purl.org/dc/terms/license http://www.opendatacommons.org/ licences/pddl/1.0/IPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  15. 15. Further Information A Digital Curation Centre and JISC Legal ‘working level’ guide http://www.dcc.ac.uk/ resources/how-guides/ How to License license-research-data Research Data Alex Ball (DCC) http://www.web2rights.com/ OERIPRSupport/ Starter Pack Diagnostic Tools Digital Curation Centre, 2011. Licensed under Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 2.5 Scotland: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/scotland/IPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  16. 16. because good research needs good data Thank you for your attention DCC Website: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/ Alex Ball: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/ukoln/staff/a.ball/IPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
  17. 17. Group ExerciseHow would you license the following datasets? 1. Power consumption at your house 2. Temperature and humidity readings from a well-sited Stevenson Screen 3. Wealth and assets survey data (2006–2008) 4. Anonymised genomic/proteomic data 5. Amounts of carbon and energy embedded in building materials 6. Recordings, transcriptions and annotations of simulated design meetingsIPR and Licensing: tips, traps and techniques 25 February 2011
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