Gynecology¨ Gynecology is the branch of medicine specializing in conditions of the female reproductive system. (uterus, vagina, and ovaries)¨ From the Greek work gynaika meaning woman.¨ A physician is called a gynecologist
Gynecology: DiseasesCancer and precancerous diseasesInfertilityIncontinenceAmenorrhoea (absent menstrual periods)Dysmenorrhoea (painful menstrual periods)Menorrhagia (heavy menstrual periods)Prolapse of pelvic organsInfections of vagina cervix and uterus
Menopause¨ Menopause is the ending of menstrual activity.¨ Normally occurs between the ages of 45 and 55¨ Menopause means end of monthly cycles. Men (month) pausis (cessation)¨ Menopause is defined as the last date of menstrual period
Menopause: Signs¨ Hot flashes¨ Migraines¨ Rapid heartbeat¨ Vaginal atrophy¨ Breast atrophy¨ Depression¨ Fatigue¨ Sleep disturbances
Gestation¨ Gestation is the length of time from conception to birth.¨ Average length of human gestation is 40 weeks¨ Pregnancy is broken into three trimesters consisting of 3 months each.¨ Prenatal development is divided into two stages. The embryonic stage and the fetal stage.
Gestation: Embryonic stage¨ The embryonic stage is the first two months of development.¨ Weeks 1-3: attaches to the wall of the uterus (endometrium) and begins to connect to mother. The brain, heart and gastrointestinal tract start growing.¨ Weeks 4-5: Women’s menstrual cycle will stop. Limb buds begin to form. Brain grow and heart begins to beat.¨ Weeks 6-8: Hair and all essential organs begin to form. Embryo is capable of motion. Eyes and facial form begins to grow.
Gestation: Fetal stage¨ Weeks 9-16: Brain and pathways begin to form. Head makes up half the size of fetus. Breathing like movement begins to help develop lungs.¨ Weeks 17-26: Fetus continues to develop. Women will begin to feel movement.¨ Weeks 27-40: Bones are developed but are still soft. Hair grows thicker. Breasts bud for both sexes. At 37 to 40 weeks the fetus developed enough to survive outside of the womb.