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  • 1. SPANISH EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
  • 2.
    • On May 3rd, 2006 the Ley Orgánica de Educación , LOE (Education Act) was passed, repealing, among others, the 1970 LGE, the 1990 LOGSE, the 1995 LOPEG and the 2002 LOGE, and modifying the LODE.
  • 3.
    • According to the LOE, ESO must combine the principles of common education and pay attention to students’ diversity .
    • by introducing a more global concept of education in the first three years,( programmes reinforcing and supporting basic skills) and a fourth year of a guidance nature.
  • 4.
    • Quality education adapted to the pupils needs and effective equal opportunities.
    • All sectors of the educational community must be involved.
    • Determined commitment to the educational objectives set out by the European Union.
  • 5.
    • a) Full development of pupils’ personalities and abilities.
    • b) Respect for the fundamental rights and freedoms, equal rights and opportunities between men and women, and the equal treatment and non-discrimination against disabled people.
    • c) Tolerance and freedom within the democratic principles of coexistence, as well as the prevention of conflicts and their peaceful resolution.
    • d) Education in individual responsibility, merit and personal effort.
    • e) Peace, respect for human rights, community life, social cohesion, and cooperation and solidarity among communities, as well as the acquisition of values promoting respect for living beings and the environment, in particular, the importance of forested areas and sustainable development.
  • 6.
    • f) Development of pupils’ ability to regulate their own learning process, trust their aptitude and knowledge, and develop creativity, personal initiative and an enterprising spirit.
    • g ) Respect and acknowledgement of the linguistic and cultural plurality of Spain and to view multiculturalism as an element enriching society.
    • h) Acquisition of intellectual habits and working techniques, scientific, technical, humanistic, historical and artistic knowledge, as well as the development of a healthy lifestyle, physical exercise and sport.
    • i) Enabling pupils to obtain professional qualifications.
    • j) Development of pupils’ ability to communicate in the official language, the co-official language as applicable, and in one or more foreign languages.
    • k) Preparation for citizenship and active participation in economic, social and cultural life, with a critical and responsible attitude and with the capacity to adapt to the changing situations of a knowledge society.
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.
    • Pre-Primary Education : from 3 to 6 y/o
    • Primary Education : from 7 to 11 y/o
    • Secondary Education: from 12 to 16 y/o
    • Post-compulsory Secondary Education: Bachillerato and Intermediate Vocational Training
    • University : Grades and Post-Grades
    • Secondary education also includes artistic professional Music and Dance education, intermediate professional Sports and Plastic Arts and Design education, and language education which belong to enseñanzas de régimen especial .
  • 10.
    • “ Graduado en Educación Secundaria Obligatoria” certificate is awarded on completion of Compulsory secondary Education.
    • access to Bachillerato and Intermediate Vocational Training.
  • 11.
    • “ Certificado de Escolaridad” is awarded to those students who do not obtain the Graduado en ESO certificate.
    • Stating the academic years and subjects undertaken.
  • 12.
    • The“ Bachiller certificate” is awarded to those students who have passed all their subjects of the 2-years’Bachillerato.
    • qualifies students to enrol into Higher Education, though they also need an entrance examination to get into University.
  • 13.
    • The LOE recognises pupils’ diversity as an undeniable truth and attention must be paid to it by both classrooms and educational institutions.
    • 'pupils with the specific need of educational support‘ include: pupils with special educational needs, highly gifted pupils, and pupils whose educational needs result from their late integration in the education system.
  • 14.
    • Key element for the future development of the Spanish education system as a whole.
    • The Ministry of Education together with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation ( MAEC), establish bilateral and multilateral cooperation agreements both within the European Union and with other countries, aiming at reinforcing educational, scientific and cultural cooperation between the participating countries.
  • 15.
    • http :// eacea.ec.europa.eu / education / eurydice / documents / eurybase / eurybase_full_reports / ES_EN.pdf
    • El Sistema Educativo Español 2002 / Centro de Investigación y Documentación Educativa . - Madrid : Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte , 2002 . http://www.mepsyd.es/cide/espanol/publicaciones/estudios/inv2002see/inv2002seees.pdf
  • 16.