You must have heard of many Scottish figures such as the genius Alexander Graham Bell ( the inventor of the telephone ).. or the famous actor Sean Connery ( James Bond , The Secret Agent 007)... You must have seen ( Braveheart ) Mel Gibsons epic film and recognized the well-known traditional Scottish kilt, or have heard the music of bagpipes or even watched the sword dance .. But is that all?? Of course not. Well, what you should know is that Scotland is considered one of the best places to celebrate and it has lots of wonders and festive events waiting to be discovered… So lets go together on this journey to find about it all!!You are explorers and are going on a journey to Scotland to learn more,see for yourselves the festive nature of the Scottish spirit andexperiment the different styles of celebrations.You have only 100 minutes..Your plane will take off after that, so beware, or youll miss you flightback home!!!When you come back safe, report what new explorations you havefound..Dear explorers , use the provided links to look for the answers of thefollowing questions and write them down on your notebook.
Group A:What is the capital of Scotland?What are the spoken languages in Scotland?What is the area and population of Scotland?Is Scotland a fully independent country?What happened in 1603?When did the two countries unite?http://www.stayinbritain.co.uk/country/scotland.aspx
Ceann a Bhàirr Barrhead Coat of Arms It forms part of the Greater Glasgow conurbation. There are 19,813 inhabitantsBarrhead is in Scotland.
Scotland is a country of Great Britainand once independent Kingdom. Itcovers 78,772 square kilometres. Thepopulation is over 5,000,000 people. It occupies the northern part of Great Britain and is bordered on the south by England. The Scottish flag The capital town is Edinburgh.
In 1603 King James VI inherited the throne of England from his Tudor cousin Elizabeth I, and became James I of England. In 1707 the Scottish and English Parliaments signed a Treaty of Union, which effectively transferred all powers to London.In May 1999 Scotland gained a new Scottish Parliament,which governs the country on domestic matters.The United Kingdom Parliament, retains responsibility forScotlands defence, international relations and certain otherareas.Modern Scotland comprises 32 unitary authority regions. Coat of arms of James VI, King of Scots, from 1567 to 1603
This emblem occupied the shield of the royal coatof arms of the ancient Kingdom of Scotland.It was used by the King of Scots until the Unionof the Crowns in 1603, when James VI accededto the thrones of the Kingdom of England andKingdom of Ireland.Since 1603, the Lion rampant of Scotland hasbeen incorporated into both the royal arms and This is Royal Standard of Scotland /royal banners of successive Scottish then British Lion Rampant of Scotland /monarchs in order to symbolize Scotland. Banner of the King of Scots Today it is in the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom. the Royal Standard of Scotland continues to be one of Scotlands most representative symbols. Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom used in Scotland
In Scotland they speak English and Scottish Gaelic. Scottish Gaelic is a Celtic language. It is not an official language of the European Union, or of the United Kingdom. It is spoken in Scotland.Bilingual sign at Queen Street Stationin Glasgowwith English and Gaelic. The Gaelic language was introduced to Scotland by settlers from Ireland, probably in the 4th century.The word Scot, and all such derivations(Scotland, Scottish, etc.) derivesfrom Scoti, the Latin name for a peoplethat traveled to Scotland fromIreland, and it is possible that this tribebrought Gaelic speech to Scotland.
Group B:What is Hogmanay ? What are the origins of this word?When is this event celebrated?What do people do in Hogmanay? How do Scots observe it?http://www.rampantscotland.com/know/blknow12.htm
HogmanayHogmanay is the Scots word for the lastday of the year. It is, however, normally only the start of a celebration which lasts through the night until the morning of New Year‟s Day. Maybe Hogmanay derives from 16th century Old French aguillanneuf meaning either a gift given at New Year, a childrens cry for such a gift, or New Years Eve itself. A Viking longship is burnt during Edinburgh‟s annual Hogmanay celebrations.
People sing “Auld Lang Syne” "in many countries."Auld Lang Syne" is a traditional poem reinterpreted by Robert Burns,which was later set to music.It is now common for this to be sung in a circle of linked armsthat are crossed over one another as the clock strikes midnight for New Years Day.
The most widespread national custom isthe practice of „first-footing‟ whichstarts immediately after midnight.This involves being the first person tocross the threshold of a friend orneighbour and often involves the givingof symbolic gifts such as salt, coal,shortbread, whisky and a fruit cake(black bun) intended to bring differentkinds of luck to the householder.Food and drink (as the gifts) are thengiven to the guests. The first-foot is supposed to set the luck for the rest of the year. Traditionally, tall dark men are preferred as the first-foot.
Group C:What is Burns Night? Who Is Burns?What do people do in this event?What is the " Haggis “?http://www.rampantscotland.com/know/blknow_burns_supper. htm
Robert Burns was born on 25 January 1759 inAlloway in Scotland and died on 21 July 1796.In his short life he made a tremendous impressionon many people in Scotland, so it was onlynatural that they should want to mark his lifeand works with some sort of celebration. The custom of holding a "supper" to the immortal memory of Rabbie Burns has become a world- wide phenomenon . Haggis is a dish containing sheep‟s „pluck‟ (heart, liver, and lungs) , minced with onion, oatmeal, suet, spices, and salt, mixed with stock, and traditionally simmered in the animals stomach for approximately three hours. It is served with „neeps and tatties‟ (yellow turnip and potatoes) and a „dram‟, (a glass of scotch whisky ).
Group D:What are the Highland Games? When do theystart?What do people wear?Give an idea about some of the sports eventsheld there.What other activities do people do during thosegames?http://www.solarnavigator.net/sport/highland_games.htm
Highland games are festivals held throughout the year in Scotland and many other countries of the world as a way of celebrating Scottish and Celtic culture and heritage, especially that of the Scottish Highlands. In their original form many centuries ago, Highland games centered around athletic and sports competitions.The origin of games and sports pre-dates recorded historyand are the stuff of legend and stories.One common factor seems to be the need of primitive man to develop or to imitate,magically or otherwise, the skills necessary for survival in his society.
Normally held in conjunction with the opening and closing ceremonies of the games, as many as 20 or more pipe bands will march and play together. There are two basic forms of dancing at modern Highland Games gatherings. Scottish country dancing is a social dance like ballroom dancing or square dancing, the latter of which evolved from country dancing. At modern-day Highland Games events, a wide variety of other activities and events are generally available.Various vendors selling Scottish memorabilia are also presentselling everything from Irn-Bru to the stuffed likenessof the Loch Ness Monster.Traditional and modern Celtic arts are often showcased.Food vendors will also offer assorted types of traditional Scottish refreshment and sustenance.
What is Edinburgh Festival? When is it held?What subsidiary festivals does it include?How do people celebrate this event?http://www.edinburghguide.com/festival/edinburghsfestivals/1623http://www.edinburgh-history.co.uk/edinburgh-international-festival.html
The Edinburgh International Festival is a festival of performing arts that takes place in the city of Edinburgh , over three weeks from around the middle of August. By invitation from the Festival Director, the International Festival brings top class performers of music (especially classical music), theatre, opera, and dance from around the world to perform. The festival also hosts a series of visual art exhibitions, talks and workshops.It tookplacebetweenAugust 22andSeptember11
Every available hall in churches, school and universities,and open space with a roof over it is requisitioned.Public walls are papier-mached with layers of posters, and "Seen anything good?"is at the top of every festival-goers tongue. It is chaotic, mad, intoxicating."The festival" is, in fact, several overlapping festivals, run by separate organisations:the Edinburgh International Festival,the Edinburgh Festival Fringe, the Edinburgh Book Festival,The Edinburgh International Jazz & Blues Festival, and the Edinburgh Art Festival.Theres also the mini, multi-cultural fest the Edinburgh Mela late in the month of August,and the 3-day Edinburgh Television Festival and 3-day Edinburgh Interactive Festival , although the latter two are more industry events.
Dear friends, after searching your linkswe can say you are right: Scotland is notonlySean Connery „s and 007 and MelGibson „s Braveheart!! See you very soon!