The KNAB was created as new institution. There were not offices or units included in the KNAB.
According to the mandate the KNAB consists of administrative divisions, subordinated to the Director; divisions subordinated to the Deputy Director for Combating of Corruption and divisions, subordinated to the Deputy Director for Prevention of Corruption.
The Bureau doesn't enjoy fiscal/budgetary autonomy
The budget of the KNAB is part of the State Budget and therefore financing of the Bureau depends on economical situation of the country as well as on commitment of the Director.
There are restrictions of donation for needs of state agencies and municipalities in Latvia. Still there were donations for the KNAB as part of technical assistance of foreign countries, before all from the US.
I t is one of specific duties of KNAB to control whether activities of any kind of public officials fit with the requirements of Law on Prevention of Conflict of Interests in Activity of Public Officials.
KNAB charges public officials with administrative liability and impose appropriate punishment.
More than 700 public officials including were administratively punished for violation of the Law. Only in 2008 KNAB punished 8 Parlamentarians, 8 directors of schools, 11 heads of other institutions.
One of most politically sensitive duties of KNAB is to monitor political parties` compliance with party financing and election campaign regulations.
Director of KNAB asks political parties to return to the state budget illegally acquired funding.
In cases of illegal disobedience Director asks courts to stop activities of political parties or to liquidate political parties. Altogether there were taken 15 decisions to stop activity of political party and 8 decisions to liquidate political party.
Thousands of public officials are covered by the educational activities of the KNAB.
KNAB realized two social advertising campaigns: in 2005 to promote reporting of the possible acts of corruption and in 2007 to highlight the essence of corruption: buying and selling of the power entrusted to public officials for private gain.
KNAB was one of the most open to public law enforcement agencies in Latvia, informing society about activities of the KNAB, elaborated draft laws as well as educating wide public on evil of corruption.
The KNAB relationship with agencies with similar powers
There are other government agencies that has similar powers in combating of corruption. For example, the Security Police, the State Police, the Criminal Department of Custom have duties of combating of corruption, too.
The KNAB co-operates with such agencies for needs of criminal intelligence and on ad hoc basis for needs of pretrial investigation.
In order to increase effectiveness of the KNAB I would recommend to keep it mandate, to keep it transparency before public, to take more active position in initiating and protecting of anti-corruption laws and regulations.
I would wish to share the KNAB experience as itself, as working model of specialized anti-corruption authority with wide mandate and scope of activities.
Especially I would wish to stress successful control over financing of political parties that significantly has been improved when the KNAB has got the mandate.