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  • 1. The Dharavi slumThe Dharavi slumMumbai, IndiaMumbai, IndiaMustafa Ozcan 10A
  • 2. LocationLocationLocated in the suburbs ofLocated in the suburbs ofMumbai, betweenMumbai, betweenMahim in the west andMahim in the west andSion in the eastSion in the east
  • 3. HistoryHistory In the 18th century, Dharavi was an island.In the 18th century, Dharavi was an island. Was taken over by an Indian warlord, Chimnaji Appa in 1739.Was taken over by an Indian warlord, Chimnaji Appa in 1739. Before the 19Before the 19ththCentury Dharavi was a swamp, with fishermen livingCentury Dharavi was a swamp, with fishermen livingin.in. Population growth in Dharavi was very high, with merchants comingPopulation growth in Dharavi was very high, with merchants comingin from different parts of India.in from different parts of India. First school was constructed for use in Dharavi in 1924.First school was constructed for use in Dharavi in 1924. In the 1960’s Dharavi’s Co-operative Housing Society took action toIn the 1960’s Dharavi’s Co-operative Housing Society took action touplift the lives of people living in the slum by building 338 flats anduplift the lives of people living in the slum by building 338 flats and97 shops.97 shops.
  • 4. Living conditionsLiving conditionsLiving conditions in the shanty settlement of Dharavi, isLiving conditions in the shanty settlement of Dharavi, isobviously terrible mainly due to the lack of amenities,obviously terrible mainly due to the lack of amenities,sewers and fresh water. The streets are polluted with dirtsewers and fresh water. The streets are polluted with dirtand mud. The shelters are covered with randomand mud. The shelters are covered with randommaterial,material,
  • 5. Here are some pictures:Here are some pictures:
  • 6. Social problemsSocial problemsThe slum environment can be the perfect place to haveThe slum environment can be the perfect place to havesocial problems. High unemployment is one of the majorsocial problems. High unemployment is one of the majorproblems.problems. Cramped conditions mean that there isCramped conditions mean that there isnowhere to go when tensions rise, a factor thatnowhere to go when tensions rise, a factor thatregularly leads to domestic violence. Sometimesregularly leads to domestic violence. Sometimesthe situation goes to the other extreme, wherethe situation goes to the other extreme, wherepeople abandon their homes, lured by thepeople abandon their homes, lured by theprospect of oblivion through alcohol or drugprospect of oblivion through alcohol or drugabuse. Once people develop such problems theabuse. Once people develop such problems theprospects of finding work diminish. They fallprospects of finding work diminish. They falldeeper into poverty and the cycle continues.deeper into poverty and the cycle continues.
  • 7. Child laborChild laborMany children in the slums start work at a very early ageMany children in the slums start work at a very early agewith no prospect of getting any education. They makewith no prospect of getting any education. They makemoney by rag picking (trawling through rubbish dumps tomoney by rag picking (trawling through rubbish dumps toretrieve anything that can be sold), selling newspapers inretrieve anything that can be sold), selling newspapers intraffic jams, peddling drugs or begging. They are at risktraffic jams, peddling drugs or begging. They are at riskof exploitation as well as all the health problems thatof exploitation as well as all the health problems thataccompany their lifestyles. Incest and abuse can occuraccompany their lifestyles. Incest and abuse can occurand child marriages are still encouraged in some areas.and child marriages are still encouraged in some areas.
  • 8. Gender inequalityGender inequalityFemale babies could face discrimination, since they areFemale babies could face discrimination, since they arethought to be useless for a family.thought to be useless for a family.Male children are seen as a blessing in most parts of India,Male children are seen as a blessing in most parts of India,especially in the slums. They are more likely to be sentespecially in the slums. They are more likely to be sentto school and have a better way of life than the femaleto school and have a better way of life than the femalepopulation.population.
  • 9. Internal and external corruptionInternal and external corruptionSome people manage to achieve a high status within slumsSome people manage to achieve a high status within slumsand establish themselves as slumlords. They are oftenand establish themselves as slumlords. They are oftenallies of certain politicians and gain control of sizeableallies of certain politicians and gain control of sizeablechunks of the community land. By renting out the land,chunks of the community land. By renting out the land,they make huge financial gains while everyone living inthey make huge financial gains while everyone living inthe slum struggles to survive on their meager earnings.the slum struggles to survive on their meager earnings.The slumlords form elaborate links with local politicians,The slumlords form elaborate links with local politicians,government officials and the police, and slum dwellersgovernment officials and the police, and slum dwellersbecome dependent on them for the smallest ofbecome dependent on them for the smallest ofamenities. They have little empathy with the slumamenities. They have little empathy with the slumresidents and exploit them by charging highly inflatedresidents and exploit them by charging highly inflatedprices for illegal electricity and water supplies or forprices for illegal electricity and water supplies or forconstructing huts.constructing huts.
  • 10. SolutionsSolutions Government can develop strategies to avoid anotherGovernment can develop strategies to avoid anotherslum being built and should include affordable land,slum being built and should include affordable land,reasonably priced materials, employment opportunitiesreasonably priced materials, employment opportunitiesand social services.and social services. The shanty settlements could be improved with theThe shanty settlements could be improved with thesupport of the government and the public. Improvementssupport of the government and the public. Improvementscan be better housing, water, sanitation, medicalcan be better housing, water, sanitation, medicalservices, energy and urban services, such as garbageservices, energy and urban services, such as garbagedisposal.disposal.