Recycling is processing used materials (waste) into new products to prevent waste of potentially useful materials, reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution (from incineration) and water pollution (from landfilling) by reducing the need for "conventional" waste disposal, and lower greenhouse gas emissions as compared to virgin production.
Recycling is a key component of modern waste reduction and is the third component of the "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle" waste hierarchy.
Include many kinds of glass, paper, metal, plastic, textiles, and electronics. Although similar in effect, the composting or other reuse of biodegradable waste – such as food or garden waste – is not typically considered recycling.
Materials to be recycled are either brought to a collection center , then sorted, cleaned, and reprocessed into new materials bound for manufacturing.
HOW DO YOU RECYCLE? Recycling is one of the alternatives used in reducing the volume of solid waste. This process consists of re-using materials that were discarded, and still are apt to develop other products or rework them.
Recycling part of a strategy of waste treatment called - The Three Rs – *Reduce: regroups all aspects of waste reduction. *Reuse: groups together the procedures used to give a product already used a new use. *Recycling is the process of treatment for which must go through the waste by recycling.
There are three major divisions of recycling techniques: chemical, mechanical and organic. *Recycling - chemical - a chemical reaction used for the treatment of waste, eg to remove certain components. *Recycling - mechanical - is the processing of waste with the help of a machine, for example, a waste grinder. *Recycling - organic - is, after fermentation, to produce fertilizers and fuels such as biogas
For domestic source separation using containers of different colors located in urban or rural: *Yellow container (containers) must be deposited in it all kinds of lightweight containers such as plastic containers (bottles, jars, bags, trays, etc..) cans (beverages, canned goods, etc.). *Blue Container (paper and cardboard): In this container must be disposed of cartons (boxes, trays, etc..) as well as newspapers, magazines, wrapping paper, advertising, etc. It is advisable to fold the boxes so that takes up minimal space inside the container.
*Green Container (glass) are deposited in this container glass containers. *Brown Container(organic) are deposited in the other waste that do not fit in the other groups, mainly biodegradable.
BENEFITS OF RECYCLING •Conserve resources for the future. •Prevent emissions of many greenhouse gases and water pollutants. •Save energy. •Supply valuable raw materials to industry. •Create jobs. •Stimulate the development of greener technologies. •Reduce the need for new landfills and incinerators.