The direct method Alejandra Lopez

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The direct method Alejandra Lopez

  1. 1. Universidad Central del EcuadorUniversidad Central del Ecuador Facultad de Filosofía, Letras yFacultad de Filosofía, Letras y Ciencias del EcuadorCiencias del Ecuador Carrera de PlurilingüeCarrera de Plurilingüe The Direct MethodThe Direct Method Nombre: Alejandra LópezNombre: Alejandra López
  2. 2. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD The Direct Method of language teaching is also called:
  3. 3. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD The Direct Method was developed by Maximilian Berlitz towards the end of the 19th century as a reaction to the Grammar Translation Method.
  4. 4. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD The Direct Method is named “direct” because meaning should be connected directly with the target language without translation into the native language.
  5. 5. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD Basically, the Direct Method aims to provide language learners with a practically useful knowledge of language. Knowing a language is being able to speak it.
  6. 6. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD This method argues that a foreign language can be taught without translation, unlike the argument of the Grammar-Translation Method.
  7. 7. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD Rather than translating the teaching material, the teacher is expected to directly use the target language in class because a language can best be taught by using it actively in the classroom.
  8. 8. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD The teacher should not explain but associate the meaning through action and demonstration.
  9. 9. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD In this way, learners will be able to induce grammar rules through examples, illustrations, and demonstrations.
  10. 10. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD This method replaces the textbook with teacher-student / student- student activities such as reading aloud, question-answer exercises, fill-in-the-blank exercises, etc.
  11. 11. THE DIRECT METHODTHE DIRECT METHOD Correct pronunciation is given careful attention in this method. In addition, new vocabulary is taught by using known words.
  12. 12. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 1. Classroom instruction is conducted exclusively in the target language. The teacher should demonstrate, not explain or translate. NEVER TRANSLATE: DEMONSTRATE
  13. 13. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 2. Only everyday vocabulary and sentences are taught. BASIC VOCABULARY IS GIVEN FIRST
  14. 14. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 3. Grammar is taught inductively. There may never be an explicit grammar rule given. DO NOT GIVE RULES: MAKE THEM FIGURE OUT THE RULE.
  15. 15. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 4. New teaching points are introduced orally. ORAL TRANSMISSION
  16. 16. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 5. Correct pronunciation and grammar are emphasized.
  17. 17. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 6. Both speech and listening comprehension are taught.
  18. 18. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 7. Vocabulary is taught through known words, demonstration, authentic objects (realia), pictures, and miming.
  19. 19. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 8. The teacher, by asking the student to make a choice, gets him to correct his own error. LEARNING BY SELF-CORRECTION
  20. 20. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 9. The syllabus is based on situations or topics, not usually on linguistic structures. CONTEXTUAL/TOPICAL TEACHING
  21. 21. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 10. Learning is not merely restricted with formal language knowledge; it also involves speaker conventions and descriptive usage. NOT formal BUT NATURAL USE
  22. 22. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 11. Students should learn to think in the target language as soon as possible. Vocabulary is acquired more naturally if students use it in full sentences, rather than memorizing word lists. NOT memorization but PRODUCTION
  23. 23. BASIC PRINCIPLESBASIC PRINCIPLES 12. The purpose of language learning is communication; therefore students need to learn how to ask questions as well as answer them. COMMUNICATION-FIRST PRINCIPLE
  24. 24. TECHNIQUES IN THE DIRECTTECHNIQUES IN THE DIRECT METHODMETHOD  Reading aloud  Question-answer exercise  Student self-correction  Conversation practice  Fill-in-the-blank exercise  Dictation
  25. 25. Direct Method Grammar translation method In the direct method, the teacher provides the knowledge in The GTM focuses on grammar rules and their application. Language is learned Grammar-Translation Method vs.Grammar-Translation Method vs. The Direct Method: A ComparisonThe Direct Method: A Comparison in terms of GRAMMAR
  26. 26. Grammar-Translation Method vs.Grammar-Translation Method vs. The Direct Method: A ComparisonThe Direct Method: A Comparison in terms of VOCABULARY Direct Method Grammar translation method The vocabulary is learned through practice every day. The vocabulary is learned through direct translation of L1. Students
  27. 27. Grammar-Translation Method vs.Grammar-Translation Method vs. The Direct Method: A ComparisonThe Direct Method: A Comparison in terms of TEACHER ATTITUDE Direct Method Grammar translation method The role of the teacher is of great importance. He asks questions to students constantly, The role of the teacher is not very active because he just limits his work to translate for the
  28. 28. Grammar-Translation Method vs.Grammar-Translation Method vs. The Direct Method: A ComparisonThe Direct Method: A Comparison in terms of STUDENT ATTITUDE Direct Method Grammar translation method The students are very actives, their oral The accuracy from the students is
  29. 29. Grammar-Translation Method vs.Grammar-Translation Method vs. The Direct Method: A ComparisonThe Direct Method: A Comparison in terms of LANGUAGE SKILLS Direct Method Grammar translation method Oral communication Primary skills to be improved:
  30. 30. APPLICATION OF THE DIRECT METHOD

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