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The gift of the magi
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  • 1. O’HENRY (WILLIAM SYDNEY PORTER) 1862 - 1910 BY: Vargas, Alcira
  • 2.
    • Born September 11, 1862 as
    • William Sydney Porter in
    • North Carolina, where he
    • spent his childhood.
    • Read avidly
    • Dropped out of school at 15
    • Worked many jobs (on a Texas ranch, in a drug store, as a bank clerk) to make money
  • 3.
    • Started a humorous weekly called The Rolling Stonein 1894
    • Drank heavily when the weekly failed Worked as a bank teller and accused of embezzling money from the First National Bank of Austin
    • Fled to Honduras to avoid trial
    • Returned after hearing of wife dying
  • 4.
    • He was convicted of embezzling $4,000 in 1894.
    • While in prison, he began writing short stories.
    • After he spent three years in jail, he changed his name to O. Henry.
    • He was released two years early for good behavior.
  • 5.
    • William Porter was married to Athol Estes in 1887.
    • They had one daughter, Margaret Worth Porter.
    • His wife died of tuberculosis in 1897.
    Porter Family in the 1890’s.
  • 6.
    • Whistling Dick’s Christmas was his first story, written in 1899.
    • He wrote a story each week for about three years, that was published in the New York World magazine.
    • His stories were also published in other magazines.
  • 7.
    • O’Henry wrote over 600 short stories in his life. These inlcude:.
  • 8.
    • He also published ten collections, of his hundreds of short stories. These include:
    • Cabbages and Kings
    • The Four Million
    • The Trimmed Lamp
    • Whirligigs
    • Sixes and Sevens
    • Rolling Stones
    • Waifs and Strays
    • Heart of the West
  • 9.
    • O. Henry died on June 5th, 1910, of cirrhosis of the liver.
    • In the last years of his life he had many problems, including an unhappy marriage, financial problems, poor health, and alcoholism.
    • He had married Sarah Lindsay Coleman just three years earlier and they had separated after 1 year.
  • 10.  
  • 11.
    • It is a classic tale of sacrifice, irony, and wisdom gained.
    • It is about a couple who long to buy the perfect holiday gifts for one another.
    • They are very much in love with each other.
    • Unfortunately, they have very little money, but they are determined.
  • 12.
    • New York City
    • A cheap, small apartment
    • Christmas Eve
    • Early 1900’s
  • 13.
    • Della Young: Pretty, slender young woman who cuts off her beautiful long hair and sells it to buy a Christmas gift for her husband.
    • James Dillingham Young: Husband of Della. He is a thin, serious young man, twenty-two years old. He sells his gold watch to buy a gift for Della.
    • Madame Sofronie: The only character in the story other than the Youngs. The local hair-goods shop owner who buys Della's hair.
  • 14.
    • Introduction: The background information about Jim and Della, description of setting, and circumstances
    • Rising Action: Della’s difficult decision.
    • Climax: Exchange of gifts
    • Falling Action: The realization of generosity and that actions are more priceless than the possessions.
    • Denouement: Jim and Della remain in love. They already possess the greatest gift of all, love for each other.
  • 15.
    • Poverty
    • Internal Conflict (Man vs. Man/Man vs. Himself)
    • External Conflict (Man vs. Society)
  • 16.
    • Personality and presence
    • Della’s point of view
    • Third party narrator
    • Direct
    • Discusses details
    • Comments on his own words
  • 17.
    • Wealth and poverty
    • Generosity
    • Love
  • 18.