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Determining The Optimum Way To Deploy Small Cells Within The Network

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-How have small cells evolved from early femtocell deployments? …

-How have small cells evolved from early femtocell deployments?
-How can macro cells be effectively divided into small cells?
-How many small cells are needed to match the capacity of the micro?
-Topology: where should small cells be placed?
-Overcoming municipalities queries of ‘ugly equipment’
-Do residential femtocells make sense?
-What do operators need to be mindful of when planning future small cell deployments?

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  • 1. 1COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 2. DETERMINING THE OPTIMUM WAY TO DEPLOYSMALL CELLS WITHIN THE NETWORKMIKE SCHABELNov. 14th, 2012 COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 3. SMALL CELLSTHE EVOLVING STORY Femto Small Cells HetNet Home Office Public Coverage Capacity Services Private indoor Public indoor Public outdoor Churn Market share TCO 3 COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 4. METRO CELLSCHANGING THE OPERATIONAL MODEL RESIDENTIAL METRO / ENTERPRISE MACRO 4 COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 5. SMALL CELLSWRITING A NEW PLAYBOOKLOCATION OF CELL SITES BACKHAUL ACCESS PARTNER ECOSYSTEMVariety - site selection & access More diversity Expanding group of playersREGULATION VOLUME OF CELL SITES NETWORK TOPOLOGIES DEPLOYMENT & OPERATIONS & INTEGRATIONNeed to Educate 3x-10x the number of sites 5 COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 6. SMALL CELLSWRITING A NEW PLAYBOOKLOCATION OF CELL SITES BACKHAUL ACCESS PARTNER ECOSYSTEMVariety - site selection & access More diversity Expanding group of playersREGULATION VOLUME OF CELL SITES NETWORK TOPOLOGIES DEPLOYMENT & OPERATIONS & INTEGRATIONNeed to Educate 3x-10x the number of sites 6 COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 7. LOCATION OFCELL SITES Site Selection: RF • Stop guessing RF Interference Mitigation INTERFERENCE • Maximize offload MITIGATION • Maximize capacity Footfall Site Access: Site + Power SITE + Backhaul POWER • Land grab (time?) Availability + BACKHAUL FOOTFALL • Wi-Fi AVAILABILITY • Multi-host • Lease costs • Co-locate It’s no longer all about RF positioning. 7 COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 8. BACKHAULAVAILABLE OPTIONS BACKHAUL BIT RATE LATENCY DOWN GPON/XGPON via OLT 10 Gbps 0.2 / 0.3 ms VDSL 25-100 Mbps 2.5 ms + backhaul Leased Ethernet/Fibre 10 Gbps ~25msec Hybrid Fibre Coax 1 Gbps, 10 Gbps ~30msec Pt to Pt 802.11 Up to 200 Mbps <3ms Pt to Pt Up to 10 Gbps <50µsec • Flexibility Pt to Pt Microwave 800 Mbps <50µsec • Scalability Stacked XGPON to BBU 10 Gbps 0.15 ms overlay on PON ~WDM-PON 10 Gbps 0.15 ms • Simplicity • Low-cost G.Fast 100-500 Mbps 0.5-1 ms + backhaul 8 COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 9. PARTNER ECOSYSTEMAND ECONOMICS MNO Builds & Ops $50 Small Cell Deployment $45 completed in 2017 Mobile $40 operator MNO $35 Leases End-user “The Four P’s” Backhaul $30 Cumulative NPV • Poles provider $25 • People $20 • Power Wireline Op. Builds & Ops • Ports $15 $10 Installation & Site $5 maintenance owner $0 Leasing & 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 brokering co. 9 COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 10. REGULATIONCOMMUNITY BUY-INIMPROVED BROADBAND SAFE – NOT SIGNIFICANTLY GREEN - REDUCES BLENDS IN WITH THECOVERAGE TO CITIZENS DIFFERENT THAN Wi-Fi POWER CONSUMPTION ENVIRONMENT• Improved in-building • Lower transmit power • 70% less power than • More aesthetic then macro coverage required macro cells towers• Improved network • Reduce macro power • Smaller footprint • Unobtrusive – “blends in” capacity • Greater signal strength at • Lower UE power • Installed in discreet• Eliminates dead-zones lower UE power consumption locationsINDUSTRY REQUIRES: 1) DEFINED GUIDELINES, 2) FAST TRACK PERMITTING, 3) TRADE ASSOCIATION PROMOTION 10 COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 11. 11COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 12. 12COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.COPYRIGHT © 2012 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.