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  1. 1. MIME
  2. 2. Early mime <ul><li>Early mime was the first kind of drama. It originally came from cave men, who used sign language to communicate because they couldn’t speak. </li></ul><ul><li>The Greeks then used it as a form of entertainment </li></ul>This is where it all began: the Theater of Dionysus in Athens. Masked actors performed outdoors, in daylight, before audiences of 10,000 or more at festivals in honor of Dionysus, the god of theater. http://www.members.tripod.com/~kiko_mime/history.html
  3. 3. <ul><li>How did the form Emerge? </li></ul><ul><li>The performance of mime dates back to the ancient Greeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Once a year Greeks would put on a performance in an outdoor theatre to honor their god Dionysus (god of wine, fertility, celebration) t o at least 10,000 people. The theatre they would perform in was built into a mountain, the seats were carved in a semi circle right up until the top of the mountain, because of this the actors wore masks which expressed which emotion the actors were feeling, one mask had an upside don mouth and one had an upright mouth this has now became the symbols of drama. </li></ul><ul><li>There was two stages one for the orchestra and the chorus (these were the people that talked about what was on the stage.) and another for the performers. </li></ul><ul><li>The audience at the top of the theatre could not here what was being said by the performers, this is were the idea of masks came. In drama they had two masks which expressed to emotions, a sad emotion and a happy emotion, this gave the audience an idea of what was going on, this also projected the voice of the performance. </li></ul><ul><li>The Romans copied the ideas of mime from the Greeks, this developed into Pantomime. The church didn’t like the Vulgar mimes so they closed down theatres. Mime then began in church-for example Christmas stories. </li></ul><ul><li>Mime stretched to Italy </li></ul><ul><li>The title, Commedia dell'arte (&quot;Comedy of Art&quot; or &quot;Comedy of the profession&quot;), means unwritten or improvised drama, and implies rather to the manner of performance than to the subject matter of the play . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Religious plays. <ul><li>The Greeks performed there plays at the church but the church disliked the sort of plays they performed, so the Greeks brought their performances outside. The church then developed their own shows called miracle morality plays. </li></ul><ul><li>Story of Angels and Shepherds </li></ul><ul><li>Story of Baby Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>Story of the Three Wise men </li></ul>Mystery Plays: Mystery plays were Bible stories. There were four or five short mystery plays in each presentation. Clergymen were the actors. Each presentation was broken up, and staged all over town. One stage was located right outside the local church. Another scene might be staged in a wagon that was pulled through town. Some scenes were placed in different parts of town. The audience moved from stage to stage. The mystery plays were quite fun and very well attended by commoners and nobles alike. The stories included the Birth of Jesus, The Wise Men, and the Flight Into Egypt. Miracle Plays: Miracle plays were plays about the lives of the saints and the miracles they performed. Again, the clergy were the actors. These plays were staged like the mystery plays .
  5. 5. <ul><li>My favorite mimes artists. </li></ul>Charlie Chaplin. Thought of by many as the greatest comedian of all time, Charles Spencer Chaplin was born in London, England on 16 April 1889. In 1908 he joined Fred Akron's touring stage company with his brother Sydney; Stan Laurel was also a member of the same company. In 1912 the troupe went to perform in America, and Chaplin decided to stay. The following year, producer Mack Sennett saw him perform and decided to take him on at the Keystone Studio, which already boasted such names as 'Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle' , Mabel Normand, the Keystone Kops and Mack Swain. However, Chaplin moved on to become an even a bigger star than any of the above legendary names, making a staggering 35 pictures in one year alone. Mr. bean is an English mimic played by Rowan Sebastian Atkins he was born in a town near Newcastle upon tyne. He started his comedian career at the Edinburgh fringe festival in 1977. At Oxford, he also acted and performed early sketches for the Oxford University Dramatic Society. Rowan Sebastian Atkins is best known for his mimic noises and his exaggerated face expression.
  6. 6. Mime Costume <ul><li>Mimes don’t dress up in fancy clothes, mimes have their own unique style they were black and white clothes and paint their faces sometimes so they resemble the two symbols of drama the happy face and the sad face, this also shows the character they are going to play. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Where in the UK can we see mimes? <ul><li>Mime can be seen in the streets of London. For example when you go to the big cities such as West End you will see mimes being performed. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Factors <ul><li>Social. People performed to get famous and to socialize with everyone. Mime is often used to protest against social injustment . In mime you don’t verbally act you physically act this way no one can get offended by what you say. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical- before technology was invented most sounds were made by the actors and live instruments for example A group of people would stand at the Orchestra and be the characters voice. </li></ul><ul><li>Actors would use masks to project their voice so the audience at the back can hear. </li></ul><ul><li>Economical- Kings and Queen would fund the theatres for their own entertainment because the government in those days would not fund the theatres unless they performed Shakespearian plays </li></ul><ul><li>Historical- </li></ul><ul><li>Theatre not noticed and known in the Tudor times, until Queen Elizabeth started to attend theatres for her own entertainment for she enjoyed drama and performances, she gained respect for theatres. </li></ul><ul><li>The Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was the scene of action between 2 November, 1914, and 29 October, 1918. The combatants were the Ottoman Empire, with some assistance from the other Central Powers, and primarily the British and the Russians among the Allies of World War I. Also participating on the Allied side were Arabs who participated in the Arab Revolt, and Armenian Resistance which eventually became the Armenian Corps of Democratic Republic of Armenia. This theatre encompassed the largest territory of all the theatres of the war. There were five main campaigns: the Sinai and Palestine Campaign, the Mesopotamian Campaign, the Caucasus Campaign, the Persian Campaign and the Gallipoli Campaign. There were the minor Arabia and Southern Arabia Campaign and Aden Campaign. Besides their regular forces, both sides used asymmetrical forces in the region. </li></ul>
  9. 9. BIBLIOGRAPHY. <ul><li>http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/plays.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.members.tripod.com/~kiko_mime/history.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/plays.html </li></ul>