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JTC Event 2012 - Access for Students with Print Disabilities - Roy McConnell, Carrie Anton, and Nicole Lakusta
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JTC Event 2012 - Access for Students with Print Disabilities - Roy McConnell, Carrie Anton, and Nicole Lakusta


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  • Vision is both acuity or fieldHold a book relates to those with physical disabilitiesComprehension takes in those with learning disabilities…largest groupGeneral working numbers are 10% of the population have a print disability
  • Numbers vary from 5%-7%In public school world alternate formats are always done after the fact
  • HUB is a national organization of libraries …equitable access for Canadians with PDCNIB leading the effort27 000 cnib patrons could become > 110 000 usersUS District court ruling in HathiTrust case allows universities to digitize and keep their collection and make it available to other universtiies for their pd students…Landmark ruling on fair and transformative use
  • What do I mean by this slide?Let’s look back to the not too distant past Compare an analog tape or a CD with audio contentNon text-based PDF. The content can’t be navigated with the various technologiesDAISY for example has that built in navigation that allows for better ease of navigation
  • Talk briefly about each one
  • Talk briefly about each one
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act supports the education of children with disabilitiesNIMAS(National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard) included as part of IDEA… set of consistent and valid XML-based source files created by content producers. These well-structured source files can be used to create accessible specialized formats
  • Transcript

    • 1. Access for Students with Print Disabilities (Photo Not Available for Posting)
    • 2.  Print Disability…copyright law states prevents or inhibits a person from reading a literary or dramatic work in its original format, and includes: a) Severe or total impairment of sight or the ability to focus or move one’s eyes; b) The ability to hold or manipulate a book; or c) An impairment related to comprehension Estimated 3 million Canadians have a print disability Extrapolated to ECS-12 in AB…over 60 000
    • 3.  People who cannot read print due to a disability have access to only 7% of all published works. (2011 RNIB study)
    • 4.  10% of Canadians have a print disability Most developed countries have a national library for their citizens with print disabilities… Canada does not at this point We are moving there with a proposal called the HUB… it would take the current, full CNIB collection and make it available to more that just the blind
    • 5. DigitalAccessible
    • 6. Physical Downloadable/ Streamed Audio on CD/Tape  E-Text DAISY CD  MP3 Large Print  Downloadable Braille DAISY  Electronic Braille
    • 7.  Accessible Websites Described Video On-screen Text Multimedia
    • 8.  In 2011 Adult fiction ranked #1 in revenue among all individual print and electronic formats Last year 43% of Americans read an e-book IDEA is a driving force in the US…NIMAS included as part of IDEA ePUB 3 is becoming the standard for universal e-book format by commercial publishers ePUB 3 has the DAISY navigation advantages built in…UDL in practice
    • 9.  Handheld Optical Magnifiers, CCTV’s, Electronic Magnifiers Refreshable Braille Displays, Braille Notetakers Reading Machines such as eClipseScan or Extreme Reader DAISY Players Tablets, Smartphones, etc.
    • 10.  Text Enlarging…ZoomText, Magic, iZoom Screenreader…JAWS, Window Eyes, System Access OCR Software Text-to-Speech…Kurzweil, Read & Write Gold More and more the world of UDL is infiltrating this area….ie: iOS devices
    • 11.  Learning Resources Centre- Alberta Education BookShare Canada Audible Books Wikibooks Project Gutenberg