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Writing open tools[2]


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  • 1. 1 Writing with Open Tools (Part Two)16/11/2011
  • 2. 2 Overview (part one) Review of key areas Essay check – AWL sublists AWL resources Specific academic lexis – Lextutor Phrases & Collocations exercises – FLAX Writing exercises Building your own corpus - AntConc 16/11/2011
  • 3. Review of key areas3 16/11/2011
  • 4. Lextutor4 16/11/2011
  • 5. Essay check - AWL sublists5 16/11/2011
  • 6. UEFAP (Andy Gillett)6 16/11/2011
  • 7. AWL sublists7 16/11/2011
  • 8. AWL resources8 16/11/2011
  • 9. Specific EAP vocab (UEFAP)9 16/11/2011
  • 10. Specific academic lexis10 16/11/2011
  • 11. 11 ?a=fp&sa=home 16/11/2011
  • 12. Critical phrases12 Drawbacks Speech recognition is usually tackled in one of two ways. The obvious way is to simply feed all the speech through an analogue to digital converter and use the computer to perform all the hard work. Unfortunately this method has a number of drawbacks, notably the time taken to perform the analysis. For speech recognition to be of any real use, however, the computer must seem to ‘understand’ the speech as fast as another human, the number crunching approach rarely achieves this. 16/11/2011
  • 13. Critical phrases13  Planning advice for those responsible for establishing partnerships of various kinds is now widely available. Rational planning models have several shortcomings — there is the danger that the plan becomes all important, the wider goals get lost. There is the danger that the plan becomes fossilised, static and unresponsive to new intelligence or other changed circumstances. The most serious danger, however, is that the ‘people bit’ gets lost — plans often assume that people will work and prosecute them in logical, rational ways, which of course they do not. The 16/11/2011 reality is a good deal messier and more
  • 14. 14 Limitations La Fontaine (1988, p.3) has also shown that while the British surveys she reviewed all used sample designs of the whole population ‘they suffered from serious limitations [and]…there is evidence that the methods of obtaining information influence the reporting rate’. She feels they might underestimate the prevalence and notes that in the American study by Russell (1986), which was particularly careful in choosing and training interviewers, the prevalence rate uncovered, for intrafamilial and extrafamilial sexual abuse was 58 per cent when non-contact abuse was included and 38 per cent when it was excluded. 16/11/2011
  • 15. 15 Serious His Lordship concluded that the issue company could restrain the receivers from proceeding further when they had sufficient assets to redeem the receivership, and if there was a serious issue to be tried as to whether that point had been reached, then an injunction could be granted. The serious issue was the dispute over the proper amount of remuneration. 16/11/2011
  • 16. 16 Common A common criticism of both these criticism theories is that they simply look at the end result of education; they are examples of an ‘input/output’ model. However, recent Marxist critiques of education (e.g. Willis 1977; Apple 1982) have concentrated more closely on the contradictions implicit in the experience of schooling:the process by which inequality is created and renewed, and the cultural resistance of pupils to the dominant ideology. 16/11/2011
  • 17. Web phrases - FLAX17 16/11/2011
  • 18. Writing critical sentences18 • in this research area • great limitations • the design of • comes from experiments • one of the • two main drawbacks • in this research area • the problem • to conceive of serious • It does not account for alternative explanations of their • this explanation data • account for the • the inability of relatively decreased researchers effect of 16/11/2011
  • 19. Example19 There are two main drawbacks to the design of experiments in this research area. 16/11/2011
  • 20. 20 16/11/2011
  • 21. 21 • a similar difficulty • of the study • we examine • there was a number • as a result of the discussion • of major criticisms • the amount of actual change • of various aspects in opinion accomplished • arises • as something very abstract • as instances of displaced • with the theories of change aggression • is that they treat the • the second problem subject • can be readily explained • one drawback • these results • this sort of theory • particularly the problem of 16/11/2011
  • 22. Example22  A similar difficulty arises when we examine the amount of actual change in opinion accomplished as a result of the discussion. 16/11/2011
  • 23. Web phrases - FLAX23 16/11/2011
  • 24. Building your own corpus -24 AntConc 16/11/2011