Harvesting English CC-BY  Alannah Fitzgerald
Tricky structures in writing <ul><li>It is significant  to have comprehension  of its causes… </li></ul>
Google *FLAX language* http://tinyurl.com/ 7ea4tzq
FLAX Web Phrases search
Not a passive voice structure?
Active voice structure = very frequent
FLAX Web Phrases results
An issue of collocation?
Web Collocations in FLAX
Substitute verb + its causes
Harvesting FLAX http://www.flickr.com/photos/uwgbadmissions/6032574436 /
Tricky structures in writing… <ul><li>There is a strong link between the  misuse of women  and child abuse… </li></ul>
*+of women*
Tricky structures in writing… <ul><li>Medical  researches  can help to reduce the effect of those negative factors… </li><...
*medical researches*
*medical research*
*researches* in the BNC – archaic?
Reporting verbs analyses/analysed compares/compared comments/commented concludes/concluded criticises/criticised demonstra...
The grammar of reporting verbs <ul><li>Verb + noun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edwards (2012)  discusses the idea  that more gra...
Harvesting structures Verb + noun Verb + that + sentence Verb + ‘ wh ’  word + sentence
Sharing your harvest
Web Pronouns Phrases OER http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ns4nXsZQmUA
Beginning sentences with  it… <ul><li>In the  present tense  you can use an  adjective  to express your opinion of an auth...
Beginning sentences with  it… <ul><li>In the  present perfect tense  you can use reporting verbs subject to the restrictio...
It pronoun phrase harvest time!
Lextutor   22/02/12 http:// www.lextutor.ca
Web Collocations OER http://www.lextutor.ca/vp/   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iyZgZhHMovI
Essay check - AWL sublists 22/02/12 http://www.lextutor.ca/vp/eng /
AWL sublists 22/02/12 http://www.victoria.ac.nz/lals/resources/academicwordlist/ sublists.aspx
Student abstract – AWL = 6.63% <ul><li>Every country  wants to become  a superpower in economics or politics. Now, America...
VocabProfile check – AWL = 7.88% <ul><li>Every country  would like to  establish  themselves as a  dominant  superpower in...
VocabProfile edit & check
AWL resources 22/02/12 http://www.victoria.ac.nz/lals/resources/academicwordlist/ links.aspx
UEFAP (Andy Gillett) 22/02/12 http://www.uefap.com/ index.htm
Specific EAP vocab (UEFAP) 22/02/12 http://www.uefap.com/vocab/ vocfram.htm
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Harvesting English

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Corpus-based Open Educational Resources for English for Academic Purposes. Focusing on the FLAX and Lextutor web-based tools and language collections.

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  • Include other examples e.g. economical/economic decline To ….effect on
  • Harvesting English

    1. 1. Harvesting English CC-BY Alannah Fitzgerald
    2. 2. Tricky structures in writing <ul><li>It is significant to have comprehension of its causes… </li></ul>
    3. 3. Google *FLAX language* http://tinyurl.com/ 7ea4tzq
    4. 4. FLAX Web Phrases search
    5. 5. Not a passive voice structure?
    6. 6. Active voice structure = very frequent
    7. 7. FLAX Web Phrases results
    8. 8. An issue of collocation?
    9. 9. Web Collocations in FLAX
    10. 10. Substitute verb + its causes
    11. 11. Harvesting FLAX http://www.flickr.com/photos/uwgbadmissions/6032574436 /
    12. 12. Tricky structures in writing… <ul><li>There is a strong link between the misuse of women and child abuse… </li></ul>
    13. 13. *+of women*
    14. 14. Tricky structures in writing… <ul><li>Medical researches can help to reduce the effect of those negative factors… </li></ul>
    15. 15. *medical researches*
    16. 16. *medical research*
    17. 17. *researches* in the BNC – archaic?
    18. 18. Reporting verbs analyses/analysed compares/compared comments/commented concludes/concluded criticises/criticised demonstrates/demonstrated discusses/discussed illustrates/illustrated indicates/indicated notes/noted investigates/investigated evaluates/evaluated estimates/estimated observes/observed points out/pointed out reports/reported shows/showed suggests/suggested validates/validated verifies/verified argues/argued disputes/disputed concedes/conceded believes/believed recognises/recognised predicts/predicted
    19. 19. The grammar of reporting verbs <ul><li>Verb + noun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edwards (2012) discusses the idea that more grammar teaching is necessary in EAP. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Verb + that + sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fitzgerald (2012) proposes that more grammar teaching is necessary in EAP. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Verb + ‘ wh ’ word + sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kendall (2012) demonstrates why more grammar teaching is necessary in EAP. </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Harvesting structures Verb + noun Verb + that + sentence Verb + ‘ wh ’ word + sentence
    21. 21. Sharing your harvest
    22. 22. Web Pronouns Phrases OER http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ns4nXsZQmUA
    23. 23. Beginning sentences with it… <ul><li>In the present tense you can use an adjective to express your opinion of an author’s fact, idea or opinion: </li></ul><ul><li>It is interesting/unlikely/probable that the number of men who smoke is on the rise. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Beginning sentences with it… <ul><li>In the present perfect tense you can use reporting verbs subject to the restrictions of grammar which we discussed in the previous activity: </li></ul><ul><li>It has been pointed out/concluded/acknowledged by Blake (2009) that the number of men who smoke is on the rise. </li></ul>
    25. 25. It pronoun phrase harvest time!
    26. 26. Lextutor 22/02/12 http:// www.lextutor.ca
    27. 27. Web Collocations OER http://www.lextutor.ca/vp/ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iyZgZhHMovI
    28. 28. Essay check - AWL sublists 22/02/12 http://www.lextutor.ca/vp/eng /
    29. 29. AWL sublists 22/02/12 http://www.victoria.ac.nz/lals/resources/academicwordlist/ sublists.aspx
    30. 30. Student abstract – AWL = 6.63% <ul><li>Every country wants to become a superpower in economics or politics. Now, America is the superpower over all of the world, making rules and games that other countries usually have to follow due to the decision from America. However, who will be the next economic superpower in the world that can order another country? Maybe China or India will be the next economic star. This article will display… </li></ul>
    31. 31. VocabProfile check – AWL = 7.88% <ul><li>Every country would like to establish themselves as a dominant superpower in the area of economics or politics. Now, America is the superpower over all of the world, making rules and games that other countries usually have to follow due to the decision from America. However, who will be the next economic superpower in the world that can order another country? </li></ul>
    32. 32. VocabProfile edit & check
    33. 33. AWL resources 22/02/12 http://www.victoria.ac.nz/lals/resources/academicwordlist/ links.aspx
    34. 34. UEFAP (Andy Gillett) 22/02/12 http://www.uefap.com/ index.htm
    35. 35. Specific EAP vocab (UEFAP) 22/02/12 http://www.uefap.com/vocab/ vocfram.htm
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