The Shrinking World: Political Sociology Week 3
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It is now commonly understood that we live in a ‘global’ world, one defined by the undeniable fact that societies since the late 20th century have become more interconnected due to the greater ...
It is now commonly understood that we live in a ‘global’ world, one defined by the undeniable fact that societies since the late 20th century have become more interconnected due to the greater deregulated flow of capital worldwide. Theorists of globalization, working from a variety of perspectives, have looked at globalization as an economic, a cultural, as well as a political and social phenomenon. The increased globality of capital has also affected the ways we live our lives with greater access to travel, knowledge about other environments and ever-similar patterns of cultural consumption from London to Lahore. A useful term to describe this is ‘glocalized identities’. These similarities also extend into growing inequality with effects in both the ‘first’ and the ‘developing’ world; e.g. when labour is outsourced from richer countries to poorer ones, workers at home suffer because they lose their jobs whilst those in poorer countries are often exploited by their employers in order to be able to sell cheaper goods in the rich North. A number of scholars have begun to theorise what most people call globalization from a non-western perspective that emphasises a decolonial approach informed by ‘border thinking’. Border thinking does not reject European modernity but incorporates elements – such as democracy – redefining them for their own indigenous practice (e.g. the Zapatistas in Chiapas, Mexico). Looking at how, not only the West has informed the rest of the world, but how all knowledge, wealth and progress is an amalgamation of cultures, ideas, inventions, etc. from across the globe helps us to understand globalization to the fullest extent.
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