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Ar and poco critiques

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This session will look at the politics of knowledge production and discuss the ways in which the establishment of the dominant discourses of legitimate knowledge relied upon the concomitant …

This session will look at the politics of knowledge production and discuss the ways in which the establishment of the dominant discourses of legitimate knowledge relied upon the concomitant marginalisation of ‘other’ sources of knowledge. Mainstream approaches to the philosophy of social science have not, for the most part, been particularly concerned with the effects of epistemology on the racialized/ethnicized and/or the non-Western and non-white. This is because the West, as the location from which the majority of these viewpoints have been constructed, has either implemented a universalistic image of the world which proposes that it can be all encompassing, or because it has more directly ignored the world beyond Europe and the West. This session will critically discuss the emergence of ‘postcolonial studies’ and its positioning of the subaltern as the vantage point from which to critique these dominant discourses, as well as attending to the various problems present in such an undertaking, as identified in the writings of Spivak. It will also look at the problems of doing social research with or on ‘Other’ (non-white, non-Western) groups. We shall examine the problems of paternalism, tokenism, objectivism, victimisation and the intended or unintended abuses of power that can arise out of sensitive and highly politicised research situations. We also ask what a philosophy of social science would look like if it was purposefully dedicated to acknowledging the injustices borne of racism and colonialism and redressing them.

Published in: Education, Spiritual

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Philosophy ofSocialScienceAnti-racist &Postcolonialcritiques Week 10
    • 2. QuestionsWhat is meant by the decolonial epistemic shift?
    • 3. QuestionsWhat scientific practices are challengedby anti-racist / anti-colonialistepistemology?What is meant by the decolonial epistemic shift?
    • 4. QuestionsWhat scientific practices are challengedby anti-racist / anti-colonialistepistemology?How is language used to construct scientificcategories?What is meant by the decolonial epistemic shift?
    • 5. QuestionsWhat scientific practices are challengedby anti-racist / anti-colonialistepistemology?How is language used to construct scientificcategories?What problems are raised by doingspecifically anti-racist research?What is meant by the decolonial epistemic shift?
    • 6. QuestionsWhat scientific practices are challengedby anti-racist / anti-colonialistepistemology?How is language used to construct scientificcategories?What problems are raised by doingspecifically anti-racist research?What is an anti-racist / anti-colonialiststandpoint for research or theory?What is meant by the decolonial epistemic shift?
    • 7. Anthropology
    • 8. Frantz Boas, 1895
    • 9. Benjamin Disraeli
    • 10. UNESCO
    • 11. “Current biological knowledge doesnot permit us to impute culturalachievements to differences ingenetic potential. Differences inthe achievements of differentpeoples should be attributedsolely to their cultural history.The peoples of the world todayappear to possess equal biologicalpotentialities for attaining anylevel of civilization.”!UNESCO Statement on Race & RacialPrejudice 1950
    • 12. Satpal Ramvictim of prison harassment
    • 13. Subject of physical anthropology (1840-55)
    • 14. “groups of mankind possessing well-developed and primarily heritablephysical differences from othergroups… national, religious,geographical, linguistic andcultural groups do not necessarilycoincide with racial groups.”Juan Comas, 1961: 304.
    • 15. Claude L evi-Strauss
    • 16. Lisu ethnic group, China
    • 17. Frantz Fanon
    • 18. Hurricane Katrina aftermath
    • 19. Civilizing mission
    • 20. Black Skin, White Masks
    • 21. Can the subaltern speak?
    • 22. Orientalist art
    • 23. Indian nationalism
    • 24. Gayatri Spivak
    • 25. 39
    • 26. Zapatista Woman 40
    • 27. 41