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Our Sponsors
Electric one-way shared
vehicles in Montreal
Martin Trépanier, Polytechnique Montréal
Benoît Robert, Communauto
Marco Vivi...
Summary
• The evolution of the project
• Results and performance
• Implementation and follow-up
Two-way carsharing One-way carsharing
Integration is crucial
ONE WAY
Communauto’s position
• Communauto asked to the city
of Montreal (April 2011) to
confirm its interest for this kind
of ser...
Auto-Mobile
the transit oriented, responsible one-way carsharing service
• Free online subscription in real-time
• Access ...
Auto-Mobile
the transit oriented, responsible one-way carsharing service
• Integration with transit, taxi
and carsharing
•...
Pilot project
• When : mid-June to Winter…
• Where : Plateau-Mont-Royal (100 000 Inh.,
8 km2)
• How : 23 EV cars parked an...
17km
Logistic : tech, charge & parking
• On board technology, managing
software and mobile app were
provided in very short time...
Research and results
• Part of a “continuous” research project
Communauto/Polytechnique
• Analysis from three sources
– da...
Distance travelled during use
0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30%
0 to 1 km
2 to 3 km
4 to 5 km
7.5 to 10 km
15 to 20 km
30 to 50 km...
Duration of lending period
0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25%
0 to 5 min.
5 to 10 min.
10 to 15 min.
15 to 20 min.
20 to 30 min.
30 to ...
« Learning curve » over weeks
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37
Week number
Average distance per ...
Distribution of duration over
weekdays
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
0 to 5 min. 5 to 10
min.
10 to 15
min.
15 to 20
min.
20 t...
Home location of users
Longueuil
Laval
Montreal CBD
Auto-Mobile
zone
What was the purpose of your trip with Auto-mobile?
Survey results
When using the Auto-mobile vehicle, how many activities
did you do (number of times you parked the car)?
If Auto-mobile hadn’t existed, what transportation mode would
you have used for this trip?
Public
transportation
28%
A reg...
How many cars/motorcycles (owned or long terme lease)
do you have at home?
Some numbers
June July August
Hours / car / day 0.69 1.48 1.97
Usage / car 16 (half month) 52 45
Km / car 174 (half month)...
Research perspectives
for one-way carsharing
• Cross-analyze the survey responses with the trip logs
– to understand the u...
Conclusion and follow-up
• The service in this configuration seems much easier to
manage than expected (redistribution of ...
THANKS
martin.trepanier@polymtl.ca
mviviani@communauto.mobi
Other research projects on carsharing
• Previous
– supply and demand interactions: showed no
saturation sign of CS service...
GPS traces analysis
• What happens during a
reservation? How many
trips? Where?
Type
Trip distance
(km)
Activity duration
...
Impacts of CS on HH car ownership
• A model of car
ownership based on
1998, 2003 and 2008
shows that CS has a
slight but r...
Trepanier and Viviani - One-way carsharing in Montréal
Trepanier and Viviani - One-way carsharing in Montréal
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Trepanier and Viviani - One-way carsharing in Montréal

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Transcript of "Trepanier and Viviani - One-way carsharing in Montréal"

  1. 1. Our Sponsors
  2. 2. Electric one-way shared vehicles in Montreal Martin Trépanier, Polytechnique Montréal Benoît Robert, Communauto Marco Viviani, Communauto
  3. 3. Summary • The evolution of the project • Results and performance • Implementation and follow-up
  4. 4. Two-way carsharing One-way carsharing
  5. 5. Integration is crucial ONE WAY
  6. 6. Communauto’s position • Communauto asked to the city of Montreal (April 2011) to confirm its interest for this kind of service and proposed itself to put in place a system – Strongly integrated with transit, taxi, carsharing… – Able to benefits to all collectives transportation modes. • The city of Montreal launched a consultation (April-July 2013) to know what the opinion of the citizens was
  7. 7. Auto-Mobile the transit oriented, responsible one-way carsharing service • Free online subscription in real-time • Access with the personal transit card (OPUS card) • Free floating : on street parking (except paying), no stations required • No reservation, no return station • Electric charging managed by Auto-Mobile
  8. 8. Auto-Mobile the transit oriented, responsible one-way carsharing service • Integration with transit, taxi and carsharing • Between 250 et 350 cars according the configuration • 80 Km2 area served • Scheduling : – 1st phase: summer 2013 (23 cars) – 2nd phase: spring-summer 2014 according to the city of Montreal’s plan • 0,38 $/min, 12 $/h, 50 $/d
  9. 9. Pilot project • When : mid-June to Winter… • Where : Plateau-Mont-Royal (100 000 Inh., 8 km2) • How : 23 EV cars parked anywhere on the street, including resident permits and excluding meters. • Why : To evaluate the impact on parking, on other transportation modes (taxi and public transportation) and the interest of the population. • With : the research is supervised by Polytechnique Montreal, with the collaboration of Taxi Diamond. • The city, the transit company (STM) and the parking agency as external observers • More information : http://communauto.com/auto-mobile/
  10. 10. 17km
  11. 11. Logistic : tech, charge & parking • On board technology, managing software and mobile app were provided in very short time by VULOG • Parking : access to on-street parking, including residents permits, excl paying places and hour of cleaning of street • Charge made by Communauto : 2 vehicles are charged every morning and 2 every evening and the charged ones replaces the least charged in the fleet • No actual need to rebalance the fleet
  12. 12. Research and results • Part of a “continuous” research project Communauto/Polytechnique • Analysis from three sources – data on lending periods : date, time, vehicle, distance, duration, home location of users • 3466 reservations over 13 weeks – short survey addressed to the members after every use of the system: no. of trips, trip purpose, what mode is replaced, satisfaction
  13. 13. Distance travelled during use 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 0 to 1 km 2 to 3 km 4 to 5 km 7.5 to 10 km 15 to 20 km 30 to 50 km 100 km and more % of reservations
  14. 14. Duration of lending period 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 0 to 5 min. 5 to 10 min. 10 to 15 min. 15 to 20 min. 20 to 30 min. 30 to 45 min. 45 min. to 1h 1h to 2h 2h to 3h 3h to 6h 6h to 12h 12h and more % of reservations
  15. 15. « Learning curve » over weeks 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 Week number Average distance per res. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 Week number Average duration per res.
  16. 16. Distribution of duration over weekdays 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 0 to 5 min. 5 to 10 min. 10 to 15 min. 15 to 20 min. 20 to 30 min. 30 to 45 min. 45 min. to 1h 1h to 2h 2h to 3h 3h to 6h 6h to 12h 12h and more Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
  17. 17. Home location of users Longueuil Laval Montreal CBD Auto-Mobile zone
  18. 18. What was the purpose of your trip with Auto-mobile? Survey results
  19. 19. When using the Auto-mobile vehicle, how many activities did you do (number of times you parked the car)?
  20. 20. If Auto-mobile hadn’t existed, what transportation mode would you have used for this trip? Public transportation 28% A regular communauto vehicle 19% Taxi 11% I wouldn't have taken the trip 11% Walk 10% Someone would have accompanied me 4% My car or moto 4% My bike 5% Bixi 8%
  21. 21. How many cars/motorcycles (owned or long terme lease) do you have at home?
  22. 22. Some numbers June July August Hours / car / day 0.69 1.48 1.97 Usage / car 16 (half month) 52 45 Km / car 174 (half month) 372 467 Trip 0 km 36% 22% 27% # Usage per user 2.9 3.6 4.4 June July August Revenues / car 2012 2013
  23. 23. Research perspectives for one-way carsharing • Cross-analyze the survey responses with the trip logs – to understand the use of the service in relation with trip purpose, mode replacement • Analyze GPS traces – to characterize each individual trip within the whole reservation (origin and destination, extent of the trip, speed, etc.) • Measure the place of OWCS in urban mobility, assess its impacts – Attributes of household, other trips made by HH – GHG assessment (?  electric!)
  24. 24. Conclusion and follow-up • The service in this configuration seems much easier to manage than expected (redistribution of the fleet, charging, etc.) • The usage appears to complete the offer of carsharing for « short and spontaneous » trips not necessarily one way • Usage and revenues are increasing faster than expected • Possible bias due to the limited zone and the fact of addressing in priority Communauto’s members (weather?) • Much more research and analysis has to be done to understand the interactions with other modes • The project will be extended in the Winter in order to test operation in this season
  25. 25. THANKS martin.trepanier@polymtl.ca mviviani@communauto.mobi
  26. 26. Other research projects on carsharing • Previous – supply and demand interactions: showed no saturation sign of CS service in Montreal – GHG assessment: showed that CS helps reduce GHG emissions in urban context – travel behavior of HH: showed that CS members behave differently than regular car owners, drive less • Actual – GPS traces analysis – Impacts of CS on HH car ownership
  27. 27. GPS traces analysis • What happens during a reservation? How many trips? Where? Type Trip distance (km) Activity duration (min.) Trip chain length (km) Trip chain’s activity duration (min.) Trips / trip chain Urban 4.75 54.63 21.26 244.02 4.48 Interurban 36.54 69.74 139.58 333.38 3.82 With home location 7.40 49.07 41.29 283.21 5.58 Without home location 8.17 56.84 35.31 245.91 4.32 Urban only, with home location 3.93 49.17 21.91 272.46 5.57 Urban only, without home location 4.82 55.17 20.90 234.01 4.33 Global 8.11 56.22 36.91 255.91 4.55 Average 1st trip 11:46 to 11:53 2nd trip 11:59 to 12:24 3rd trip 13:52 to 14:13 4th trip 15:39 to 16:00 GPS event GPS timepoint 5th trip 16:22 to 16:26 A B C D E
  28. 28. Impacts of CS on HH car ownership • A model of car ownership based on 1998, 2003 and 2008 shows that CS has a slight but real impact on the decrease of car ownership in central Montreal
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