Articles by Alan Greenhalgh http://www.kapitalsmm.com/en/publications.html
The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership | Avrupa-Akdeniz Ortaklığı199544 members | üyeler27 European Union member states and 16 partner countries :Albania Algeria Bosnia & HerzegovinaCroatia Egypt IsraelJordan Lebanon MauritaniaMonaco Montenegro MoroccoPalestine Syria Tunisia…and TurkeyWith the Free Trade Agreement with Jordan on 1st March 2011,Turkey will have established Free Trade Zones with all Euro-Mediterraneancountries except Algeria.Türkiye; Cezayir hariç, tüm Avrupa-Akdeniz ülkeleri ile bir Serbest TicaretAnlaşması yapmış, Mart ayında Ürdün ile bir anlaşma yapmış olacak.
Eurasia in the Global Economy | Avrasya Dünya EkonomisiThe Silk Road of the Third Millennium is home to some of the world’slargest energy producers, wealthiest investors, fastest growingeconomies and more than half the world’s population.The major concerns in Eurasia are energy, transport and security.Üçüncü Millennium İpek Yolu dünyanın en büyük enerji üreticilerindenbazıları olan enerji sağlayıcılarına, zengin yatırımcılara, hızlı ekonomilere vedünya nüfusunun yarısından fazlasına ev sahipliği yapmaktadır.Avrasyanın en büyük endişeleri enerji, ulaşım ve güvenlik vardır.
Afghanistan’s Shopping List | Afganistan alışveriş listesiAgricultural chemicals, machinery, equipment and services, agro-processing;Irrigation planning and technologies; Architectural, construction, andengineering services; Building materials for both residential and commercialproperties; Computer hardware, software and peripherals (to include Darilanguage capability); Telecommunications services and equipment; Dieselgenerators for independent power supply; Education/training services;Heavy equipment, including trucks, trailers and buses; motor graders,concrete mixers, heavy-duty dumpers, paver finishers, and bull-dozers;Security and safety equipment; Automobiles/light trucks/vans anddevelopment of dealerships for 4x4 vehicles (sales, parts, and service);Translation services, including simultaneous, conference-style translationproducts; Office furniture; Printing and publishing; Aircraft and aircraftparts; Airport/ground support equipment; Electrical power systems; Oil andgas field machinery; oil, gas, and mineral exploration and productionservices; Road upgrades, lighting, and signage; Transportation services;Carpets and textiles; Leather and leather processing; Precious and semi-precious stones; Marble and natural stones; Cashmere etc. etc.
Okay… shorter slides! | Tamam ... kısa slaytlar!
Azerbaijan | Azerbeycan‘Moscow meets Dubai’ | ‘Moskova ve dubai buluştuğu’Kapital Setup an office 2008 – doing well | Kurulum 2008 yılında bir ofis -iyi gidiyor• High economic growth during 2006–08 is attributable to oil exports, construction, banking, and real estate. | 2006-08 döneminde yüksek ekonomikdeki büyüme Petrol ihracatı, inşaat, bankacılık ve gayrimenkul sayesinde olmuştur.• A revision of Azerbaijan’s tax code lowered several tax rates, including the profit tax rate, and simplified the process of paying corporate income tax and value added tax. |Azerbaycanın vergi kodu revizyonu birkaç vergi oranı, kar vergisi oranı ve katma değer vergisi de dahil olmak üzere kurumlar vergisi ve KDV ödeme süreci basitleştirilmiş tir. Opportunities | Fırsatlar Foreign investment in the non-energy sector | enerji olmayan sektöre yabancı sermaye yatırım Telecoms | Luxury Brands | Entertainment
Kazakhstan | KazakistanKazakhstan improved business regulation the most in the past year, according toDoing Business 2011 | Kazakistan Doing Business 2011 Raporu na göre işyönetmeliğini iyileştirmiştir.• Primary exports of crude oil - By 2015 one of the worlds top 10 oil producers | dünyanın en büyük 10 petrol üreticisi• Metals | Madenler• World’s largest producer of uranium | Dünyanın en büyük Uranyum üreticisi• Agriculture is the second most important sector and was provider of wheat to the states of the Soviet Union. | Tarım , SSCBye buğday sağlayan en önemli ikinci sektör konumundadır.Business Set up | Iş kurma• Minimum capital requirement 100 tenge ($0.70) |Gereken asgari sermaye• Memorandum of Association and company charter are not notarized | Şirket kuruluş senedi ve şirket kiralama noter tastikli olmaz.• Modernized customs and customs automation | Modern gümrük
KazakhstanThere are opportunities for SMEs are operating in the oil services sector and otheropportunities include oil and gas, metals, minerals and mining, financial services,manufacturing, telecommunications, transport - road, rail and aviation,construction and power generation.Kobiler için bir çok fırsat vardır. Bunlar, petrol ve gaz, metaller, mineraller vemadencilik, finansal hizmetler, üretim, telekomünikasyon, ulaşım - Karayolu,demiryolu ve havacılık- inşaat ve enerji üretimi dahil olmak üzere petrol hizmetlerisektöründe işletmektedir.
TurkmenistanBy far the largest foreign investor is Turkey followed by Iran, Russia, Afghanistan andUSA. | En büyük yabancı yatırımcı Türkiyedir. Daha sonra İran, Rusya, Afganistan veABD dir.• largely desert country | çöl ülke• intensive agriculture in irrigated oases | vaha alanlarında tarım• sizeable oil resources | büyük enerji kaynakları• worlds fifth largest estimated reserves of natural gas | dünyanın tahmini beşinci büyük doğalgaz,rezervi• Closed up to 2007 but high on corruption index | Yolsuzluk endeksi yüksek olan 2007 yılındaki Kapalı ekonomi.
TurkmenistanOpportunities• Turkmenistans economy is predominantly agricultural with fruits and vegetables but needs food processing equipment, preservation techniques, and agricultural equipment to prevent the spoiling of most of its crops.• Ekonomisi çoğunlukla meyve ve sebze olarak tarımsaldır ancak ürünlerin bozulmalarını önlemek için gıda işleme ekipmanına, muhafaza etme tekniklerine ve tarımsal ekipmanlara ihtiyacı vardır.• Other high-growth sectors are telecoms and ICT, pharmaceuticals and healthcare, construction and real estate, transport infrastructure, tourism, textiles and carpets such as their famous naturally-dyed Sargin sheep wool, and breeding of Akhalteke horses.• Diğer büyüyen sektörleri; telekom ve bilişim, ilaç ve sağlık, inşaat ve gayrimenkul, ulaşım altyapısı, turizm, tekstil ve Sargın koyun yünleriyle yapılan halıları ve Akhalteke atları vardır.
The new opportunity: Free Trade Area between Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria …and IraqTürkiye, Ürdün, Lübnan ve Suriye arasında serbest ticaret bölgesi ... ve Irak
Jordan ÜrdünFree Trade Area - 1st March 2011 Serbest Ticaret Alanı - 1 Mart 201180% of goods exported to Jordan Ürdüne ihraç edilen malların% 80 ‘ininwill be free of customs taxes gümrük vergisi veya diğer vergilendirmeor any other form of tax. biçimleri ücretsiz olacakFriendly relations with USA - may ABD ile dost ilişkileri - Türk Tekstiline karşıhelp ‘restrictions’ for ‘Turkish olan kotayı yendiTextiles’ Ürdünlü işadamları nınEge ili olan Denizli’ yeJordanian businessmen to invest in yatırımıAegean province Denizli. mermer ve ev tekstili gibi ithal ürünlerJordan import products like marbleand household linens
Lebanon | Lübnan Lübnanın koalisyon hükümeti çöktü. Türkiye krizi çözecekLebanons coalition government collapsed.Turkey flies in to solve the crisis. Türkiye için önemli bir ihracat pazarı:An important export market for Turkey: Animportant export market for Turkey: Lübnan’a Ihracat $686 milyon, Türkiye’ye $107 milyon LübnanExports $686 million to Lebanon İthalatıImports to Turkey at $107 million Ticaret hacmi 2004 yılında $381 MTrade volume increased from $381 million in dan ,2009 yılında $794M çıkmıştır.2004 to $794 million in 2009. $ 2milyara ulaşacakIt will reach $2 billion Petrol, gıda ürünleri, giysi,Average income per capita in the two elektronik.countries is equal.Turkey has stong production and Lebanon iki ülkede kişi başına düşenhas strong finance and banking. ortalama gelir eşittir. Hindi üretim stong ve Lübnan güçlüOil, food products, clothes, electronics. finans ve bankacılık var.
Lebanon | Lübnan Mersin ve Beyrut bağlayan FeribotFerry boat services connecting Mersin tekne hizmetleri Aralık 2010and Beirut started December 2010. başladı.Opportunities FırsatlarTourism, energy and infrastructure Turizm, enerji ve altyapı, makyaj ve(airports and build new roads), make- moda giyim ihracatı (havaalanlarıup and fashion clothes exports ve yeni yollar inşa)
Syria |SuriyeFree trade agreement made in 2004 2004 yılında yapılan serbest ticaretTurkey to target $5 billion in bilateral anlaşmasıtrade volume by the end of 2012. Türkiyenin ikili ticaret hacminde hedef i2012 yılı sonuna kadar $ 5BnTurkey will have a 40 percent advantagein trade with Middle Eastern countriesincluding Saudi Arabia by sending goodsvia Syria and its Arab Free TradeAgreement. "The free-trade agreement between Syria and Turkey increased the trade volume ten-fold’’ Opportunities - Tourism No. of Syrian tourists visiting Turkey rose 80% and reached 800,000 in 2010. Visa waiver scheme ‘Discover Damascus’ as an original ‘Ottoman City’
Syria |SuriyeShoppingTurkey’s Renaissance Construction is signing an agreement 19th January for a25% stake in the largest mixed-use project in Syria. The Taj Halab project at$180 million, in Aleppo, is a shopping center, conference and meeting facilitiesand a four-star Nova Hotel, three-star Ibis hotel and a five-star boutique hotel.The 74 acres shopping center will lead Turkish brands to enter the Syrianmarket.Cement factory of Turkish construction and engineering company, Guris,opens shortly in Raqqa. 74 -dönümlük alışveriş merkezi Suriye pazarına girmek için Türk markaları na yol açacaktır
Syria |Suriye OpportunitiesIn your opinion...What are the business opportunities/sectors forTurkish Small Business Enterprises in Syria?Answers via Linkedin:Syria Business and Professional Network
Syria |Suriye Opportunities (via Linkedin)1. Online Businesses ‘Turkey has a large agriculture and food2. Supermarkets market, the best business is exporting food3. Malls stuff to Syria because they are neighbor with a4. Clothing Lines (In Syria, the very wide border so costs are less , second consumers have a great Syria has similarly- oriented food i.e. 90% the perception for Turkish same. Also products such as clothing, textile clothing) and leather, building materials , cars and spare5. Import of food and beverages parts.’6. Consulting Companies7. Private Equity and Venture Capital8. Real Estate Development9. Stock MarketLife Insurance • ‘Security systems ( CCTV, fire (still isn’t big)’ alarm ) • Telecommunication (data and voice devices)’
Syria |Suriye Opportunities (via Linkedin) ‘Household products and food industry. Educational Sector Exporting to Syria is the best way!’ ‘Retail and supply chain development and establishment that can flourish in Syria. The Educational sector, a well studied investment, is prosperous as well.’ ‘MARKET RESEARCH has a HUGE opportunity in Syria, because there are only 2 local companies/agencies. Many multi-nationals require this service and can’t find many credible companies to execute research for them.’ ‘Shopping and services from internet will be important area. Supermarkets, malls projects and franchising for food sector.’
Iraq‘Great opportunity for Iraq with energy company in GAS and electricity. About smallcompany I do not think it’s a good Idea came to Iraq at this time as high risk, trust me,I am afraid to lose the capital here. In Baghdad also Turkish construction andcontractor companies get really good contract and future Iraqi Market looking formore contract company - good quality and good price!’Ahmed Mahdi Al-Juboori |Baghdad - Iraq (via Linkedin)Kita Logistics - first Turkish logistics company providing all logistics services in thecountry, supporting its services in the Middle East and CIS countries. ‘Iraq will grow to be a regional economic giant, using Turkey as their door to Europe.’ | Irak ,Türkiyeyi bir kapı olarak kullanarak Avrupa’da bölgesel ekonomik dev olarak büyüyecek.‘ Iraq’s energy contribution will be significant for increased production and demand surplus only after 2015.
IraqTurkey Trade Volume | Ticaret Hacmi• $941 million in 2003, exceeded $6 billion in 2010.Petro-chemical industries Petrokimya sanayiWater SuPower supply Güç kaynağıHealthcare SağlıkConstruction InşaatPorts PortlarıTelecommunications TelekomünikasyonAgriculture TarımTransport (road & rail) Ulaştırma (karayolu ve demiryolu)Education EğitimManufacturing ImalatFinancial services Finansal hizmetler
IraqThe 26-lane checkpoint of Ibrahim Khalil/Habur Gate, where 1,500 trucks passdaily, brings Turkish building materials, clothes, furniture, food and everythingelse that fills shops in northern Iraq and large amounts of potatoes and onions.Mardin Industrialists say they can double exports figures to Iraq if the numberof personnel stationed at the border crossing is increased.About 15,000 Turks work in Erbil and other parts of the north, and Turkishcompanies, more than 700 of them, make up two-thirds of all foreigncompanies in the region. ‘A JV needed to import Brazilian sugar to M E country A joint venture with a good sugar trading company is needed to import big quantities of Brazilian sugar.’ (via Linkedin) In two or three years, Iraq may be Turkey’s biggest export market.
Yemen30,000 soldiers killed in Yemen during World War I, fighting against Europeanand Russian armies. History dates back to 1538 and Yemen’s 37 Ottoman rulers.Many tourists from the Gulf states have started to travel to Yemen, especially tothe coastal areas .Turkey and Yemen have signed a protocol that allows Yemeni students enroll inprograms in Turkish universities.• No visa requirements• Important for stability of the Arab peninsula, stability of Africa and safety of sea routes• Turkey will make an organized industrial zone in Hodeidah, Yemen• Trade in vehicle spare parts• 2008 Doing Business Report, Yemen ranked near the bottom of the Ease of Doing Business Index, where it came 177 out of 178 countries. Now it is 105 out of 183 countries.
The Good News | İyi Haber• PriceWaterhouseCoppers estimates that Turkey will overtake Canada in 2020 on GDP and in 2024 it will overtake Italy• Nearly 60 percent of Turkey’s overall exports in 2009 were carried out by small or medium enterprises - businesses employing up to 249 people.• SMEs | KOBİler and micro enterprises dominate the Turkish Market. They represent 99% of the number of companies and 75% of employment, and 46% of business turnover• The top ranked foreign trade was occupied by industrial exports and a majority of the business was done in EU countries.
What are the best opportunities? | En iyi fırsatlar nelerdir .... ?• Food – e.g. Koftecisi Ramiz / Yemek Sepeti• Construction and supply services –Turkey’s hard workers, good reputation . A ‘strategic sector’ which provides more than 10 percent of total employment in Turkey and aims to become one of the top three countries in building material exports by 2023.• ‘Under-developed’ hospitality sector in the Turkic region – 3* hotels• Consumer electronics, imaging, telecom, information technologies, office equipment, small domestic appliances and white goods sectors.• KOSGEB | TUBITAK | TUSKON – sign up for notifications• Leasing Machines and Vehicles, Spare Parts• Turkish / Regional language software• Network of blogging sites - serving ads and revenue• Technology Localistation and bespoke tech projects
How to set up a business in … | iş nasıl kurulur ... Steps to establishing a Ltd Company • www.doingbusiness.org
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