The gospel of Christ


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A study of the gospel... from Paul's perspective in the book of Galatians

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The gospel of Christ

  1. 1. The Gospel of Christ
  2. 2. Galatians 4 <ul><li>4. but when the fulness of the time came, God sent forth his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, </li></ul><ul><li>5. that he might redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. </li></ul>
  3. 3. GOD sent forth His Son Jesus To REDEEM born of a woman born under the law Jewish
  4. 4. Redemption Who? What? When? Where? Why?
  5. 5. <ul><li>Redemption </li></ul><ul><li>1. To recover ownership of by paying a specified sum. </li></ul><ul><li>2. To pay off (a promissory note, for example). </li></ul><ul><li>3. To turn in (coupons, for example) and receive something in exchange. </li></ul><ul><li>4. To fulfill (a pledge, for example). </li></ul><ul><li>5. To convert into cash: redeem stocks. </li></ul><ul><li>6. To set free; rescue or ransom. </li></ul><ul><li>7. To save from a state of sinfulness and its consequences. </li></ul><ul><li>8. To make up for: The low price of the clothes dryer redeems its lack of special features. </li></ul><ul><li>9. To restore the honor, worth, or reputation of: You botched the last job but can redeem yourself on this one. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Considerations <ul><li>The need for redemption predates the Law of Moses </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus came to redeem sinners </li></ul><ul><li>All men are “sinners” – beginning with Adam and all that followed (cf. Rom. 3:23) </li></ul><ul><li>It is interesting that in Romans 1-3 the point Paul makes is that BOTH Jews and Gentiles are in need of redemption </li></ul>Christ Jesus is the answer to our need
  7. 7. Two Religions <ul><li>Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>Began in the time of Moses </li></ul><ul><li>According to the Law given at Sinai </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily for the seed of Abraham (Hebrew) </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Began in the time of Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>According to a New law that had been promised (Jer. 31:31) </li></ul><ul><li>For all nations </li></ul>
  8. 8. Jeremiah 31:31-34 <ul><li>31. Behold, the days come, saith Jehovah, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: </li></ul><ul><li>32. not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was a husband unto them, saith Jehovah. </li></ul><ul><li>33. But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith Jehovah: I will put my law in their inward parts, and in their heart will I write it ; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people: </li></ul><ul><li>34. and they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know Jehovah; for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith Jehovah: for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin will I remember no more . </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Law of Moses <ul><li>Not given in the fulness of time </li></ul><ul><li>Not intended to “redeem” all men from their sins </li></ul><ul><li>Was only for one nation of people – the Jews </li></ul>
  10. 10. Galatians 1:13-14 <ul><li>13. For ye have heard of my manner of life in time past in the Jews' religion , how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and made havoc of it: </li></ul><ul><li>14. and I advanced in the Jews' religion beyond many of mine own age among my countrymen, being more exceedingly zealous for the traditions of my fathers. </li></ul>
  11. 11. What is Judaism? <ul><li>It is a religion of those who follow the Law of God given through Moses at Mount Sinai </li></ul><ul><li>It is a faith which demands obedience to the ordinances and commands that are contained in the writings of Moses – the Pentateuch (first five books of the OT) </li></ul><ul><li>It is a national religion – for the descendants of Abraham – the Israelites </li></ul>
  12. 12. Middle Wall of Partition <ul><li>Ephesians 2:14-15 For he is our peace, who made both one, and brake down the middle wall of partition, 15. having abolished in the flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; that he might create in himself of the two one new man, so making peace </li></ul>
  13. 13. From all the nations God chose ONE nation ISRAEL <ul><li>God separated His people from all the other nations – by the Law He gave them </li></ul>Exodus 19 3. And Moses went up unto God, and Jehovah called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel: 4. Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself. 5. Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be mine own possession from among all peoples: for all the earth is mine: 6. and ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and a holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.
  14. 14. The Gospel of Christ <ul><li>Given in the fulness of time </li></ul><ul><li>To “redeem” all men from their sins </li></ul><ul><li>Was for all nations </li></ul>
  15. 15. After the Cross <ul><li>The Old Testament Law was fulfilled </li></ul><ul><li>It was nailed to the cross – Col. 2:14 </li></ul><ul><li>The middle wall of partition was removed </li></ul><ul><li>FAILURE to understand this fact was the underlying reason for the problem confronting the churches in Galatia </li></ul><ul><li>It REMAINS a serious theological problem even today </li></ul>
  16. 16. In Galatia <ul><li>Some were perverting the gospel (1:7) </li></ul><ul><li>This they did by insisting that Christians submit to and keep various OLD TESTAMENT practices </li></ul><ul><li>Paul’s purpose in Galatians is to urge the brethren NOT to go back to the slavery of the OT Law, but rather to hold fast to their faith in Christ </li></ul>
  17. 17. Galatians 5 <ul><li>1. For freedom did Christ set us free: stand fast therefore, and be not entangled again in a yoke of bondage. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Behold, I Paul say unto you, that, if ye receive circumcision, Christ will profit you nothing. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Yea, I testify again to every man that receiveth circumcision, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Ye are severed from Christ, ye would be justified by the law; ye are fallen away from grace . </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Gospel <ul><li>The source of the gospel: from God </li></ul><ul><li>It came by a Divine revelation </li></ul><ul><li>It was not invented by men </li></ul><ul><li>It is not to be altered by men </li></ul><ul><li>The penalty for changing the gospel is severe </li></ul>Galatians 1
  19. 19. Galatians 1 <ul><li>11. For I make known to you, brethren, as touching the gospel which was preached by me, that it is not after man. </li></ul><ul><li>12. For neither did I receive it from man, nor was I taught it, but it came to me through revelation of Jesus Christ. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Galatians 1 <ul><li>13. For ye have heard of my manner of life in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and made havoc of it: </li></ul><ul><li>14. and I advanced in the Jews' religion beyond many of mine own age among my countrymen, being more exceedingly zealous for the traditions of my fathers. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Galatians 1 <ul><li>15. But when it was the good pleasure of God, who separated me, even from my mother's womb, and called me through his grace, </li></ul><ul><li>16. to reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the Gentiles; straightway I conferred not with flesh and blood: </li></ul><ul><li>17. neither went I up to Jerusalem to them that were apostles before me: but I went away into Arabia; and again I returned unto Damascus. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Galatians 1 <ul><li>18. Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to visit Cephas, and tarried with him fifteen days. </li></ul><ul><li>19. But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother. </li></ul><ul><li>20. Now touching the things which I write unto you, behold, before God, I lie not. </li></ul><ul><li>21. Then I came unto the regions of Syria and Cilicia. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Galatians 1 <ul><li>22. And I was still unknown by face unto the churches of Judaea which were in Christ: </li></ul><ul><li>23. but they only heard say, He that once persecuted us now preacheth the faith of which he once made havoc; </li></ul><ul><li>24. and they glorified God in me. </li></ul>
  24. 24. From Persecutor to Preacher <ul><li>Why did Paul persecute Christians? He was zealous for the Law that God had given to the people by Moses </li></ul><ul><li>When Paul learned the truth – that salvation was through faith in Jesus – he abandoned his Jewish religion and became a “Christian” </li></ul><ul><li>The message Paul now preached did not include any OT regulations as it was based on NT revelation </li></ul>
  25. 25. Paul’s Gospel <ul><li>Did not include OT ordinances, rather it relied solely on the teachings and commands that came through Christ </li></ul><ul><li>For Paul there could be NO mingling of the Old and the New </li></ul><ul><li>Paul understood that the Old Covenant was “ineffective” for redemption </li></ul><ul><li>Paul knew that salvation was “in Christ” </li></ul>