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[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning
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[kierownicy 2 - en] chosen legal regulations in the scope of the labour law regardning

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  1. CHOSEN LEGAL REGULATIONS IN THE SCOPE OF THE LABOUR LAW REGARDING OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
  2. <ul><li>By occupational health and safety regulations one should understand regulations included in: </li></ul><ul><li>The Labour Code – particularly in chapter </li></ul><ul><li>ten entitled Occupational health and safety </li></ul><ul><li>In orders such as: </li></ul><ul><li>- the order of the Minister of Labour and Social Policy of 26 September 1997 regarding general rules of occupational health and safety ( JL of 2003, No. 169, item 1650 with subsequent amendments) </li></ul><ul><li>In mentioned in the orders Polish Norms such as in </li></ul><ul><li>- PN-84E-020033 Lighting of interiors with electric light. </li></ul><ul><li>- PN-93N-01256.03 Safety signs. Occupational protection and hygiene. </li></ul>Rules and regulations of occupational health and safety THE BASIC LEGISLATIVE DETERMINING RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF EMPLOYEES AND EMPLOYERS IS THE LABOUR CODE
  3. <ul><li>Detailed responsibilities of an employer in the field of work protection are determined not only by legal regulations but also by the rules of occupational health and safety. </li></ul><ul><li>As it is known, rules of the labour law do not define the term rules of occupational health and safety, however, they refer to them numerous times </li></ul>Rules and regulations of occupational health and safety
  4. <ul><li>Occupational health and safety rules are the rules of performing one’s work safely, which have not been presented in the form of legal articles, but which result from technical knowledge as well as life experience (several of them are included in optional Polish Norms). </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational health and safety rules and regulations determine health and safety requirements at work mainly for recently established kinds of businesses, until appropriate legal articles are issued. </li></ul>ATTENTION! An employer who does not obey occupational health and safety rules bears equal responsibility as for violating these rules. Rules and regulations of occupational health and safety
  5. An employer who does not obey Art. 100 LC Worker’s obligations <ul><li>W orker is obliged to perform his/ her work conscien t iously and diligently and to follow his/ her supervisor’s orders regarding work, as long as they do not violate any legal rules or regulations or the work contract. </li></ul><ul><li>Worker Is Particularly Obliged To: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>follow the work time established in the workplace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>observe work regulations and order established in the workplace, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>follow rules and regulations of occupational health and safety as well as fire regulations, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>take care of the wellbeing of the workplace, protect its property and keep secret the information whose revealing might cause any damage to the employer, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep secret any information determined in separate regulations, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>follow the rules of social co - existence and cooperation in the workplace. </li></ul></ul>
  6. Obeying rules and regulations of occupational health and safety is the basic obligation o f the worker. In particular, the worker is obliged to: <ul><li>know occupational safety and health regulations </li></ul><ul><li>and principles, participate in training and </li></ul><ul><li>instructing in this field, and take the required </li></ul><ul><li>examinations, </li></ul><ul><li>2. perform the work in compliance with </li></ul><ul><li>occupational health and safety regulations and </li></ul><ul><li>principles and obey orders and decisions of the </li></ul><ul><li>supervisors, </li></ul><ul><li>3. take care of an appropriate state of machines, appliances, </li></ul><ul><li>tools, and equipment and keep order at work, </li></ul>Art. 211 LC Obligations of the worker An employer who does not obey
  7. <ul><li>make use of collective and personal protective equipment assigned to him/ her as well as protective clothes and footwear </li></ul><ul><li>according to their use, </li></ul><ul><li>5. undergo entrance, periodical, and check-up medical examinations and comply with the doctor’s indications, </li></ul><ul><li>6. immediately inform the supervisor of an accident of hazard to health or life noticed at the workplace and warn the coworkers and other people present in the dangerous area about the hazard, </li></ul><ul><li>cooperate with the employer and supervisors </li></ul><ul><li>so as to perform the duties concerning occupational </li></ul><ul><li>safety and health. </li></ul>Art. 211 LC Obligations of the worker An employer who does not obey
  8. The employee has the right to restrain from performing his/ her work, promptly notifying his/ her supervisor about it, if: <ul><li>the working conditions do not correspond with the rules and principles regarding occupational safety and health and pose a direct threat to health or life of the employee , or </li></ul><ul><li>the work performed by him/ her may pose such threat to other people. </li></ul>Art. 210 LC Rights of the worker An employer who does not obey
  9. ATTENTION !!! For the time during which the worker restrains from performing work or leaves the place of danger, in the cases discussed above, he/ she keeps the right to receive pay. If restraining him-/ herself from performing the work does not remove a direct threat to life or health of the worker, the employee has the right to leave the place of danger, promptly notifying his/ her supervisor about it Art. 210 LC Rights of the worker An employer who does not obey
  10. <ul><li>to organize work stations in accordance with the rules and regulations of the occupational safety and health, </li></ul><ul><li>to take care of the efficiency of measures of individual protection and their application in accordance with purpose, </li></ul><ul><li>to organize, prepare and perform tasks, considering workers’ protection against accidents at work, occupational </li></ul><ul><li>diseases and other diseases related to the conditions </li></ul><ul><li>of the working environment, </li></ul>Art. 212 LC OBLIGATIONS OF THE PERSON WHO MANAGES WORKERS An employer who does not obey
  11. <ul><li>to take care of safe and hygienic conditions of working rooms and technical equipment and of the efficiency of measures of collective protection and their application in accordance purpose, </li></ul><ul><li>to enforce following rules and regulations of the occupational safety and health by the worker, </li></ul><ul><li>to ensure execution of the recommendations of the medical doctor who takes care of the workers. </li></ul>OBLIGATIONS OF THE PERSON WHO MANAGES WORKERS An employer who does not obey Art. 212 LC
  12. Art. 108 LC <ul><li>A rebuke or a reprimand </li></ul><ul><li>If a worker disobeys: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The established rules of order and organization in the process of work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules and regulations of occupational health and safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire protection rules, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepted way of reporting arrival and presence at work as well as explaining absence during working hours. </li></ul></ul>EMPLOYEES’ DISCIPLINARY LIABILITY Liability for the violations of rules and regulations of occupational health and safety
  13. <ul><li>Financial penalty </li></ul><ul><li>If a worker: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disobeys rules and regulations of occupational health and safety or fire protection rules , </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves work without an explanation or excuse , </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reports for work in a state of intoxication, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>consumes alcohol during working hours . </li></ul></ul></ul>Financial penalty for one contravention and for each day of unexcused absence cannot be higher than the amount of a one-day salary of the worker. Liability for the violations of rules and regulations of occupational health and safety EMPLOYEES’ DISCIPLINARY LIABILITY Art. 108 LC
  14. Procedures for inflicting punishment § 1. The punishment cannot be inflicted after the period of 2 weeks from learning about the violation of the worker’s duty and after the period of 3 months after the violation was committed. § 2. The punishment can be inflicted only following hearing the worker. § 3. If, because of absence in the workplace, the worker cannot be heard, the 2-week period provided in § 1 does not begin and if it has already began it is suspended until the day the worker reports for work . Liability for the violations of rules and regulations of occupational health and safety EMPLOYEES’ DISCIPLINARY LIABILITY Art. 109 LC
  15. <ul><li>It is the employer who bears the responsibility for the state of occupational safety and health in the work place. </li></ul>Art. 207 LC Obligations of the employer
  16. <ul><li>The employer is particularly obliged to: </li></ul><ul><li>ensure safe and hygienic working conditions, with the proper use of scientific and technical achievements </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>organize work in the way ensuring safe and hygienic working conditions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Art. 207 LC Obligations of the employer
  17. Art. 207 LC <ul><li>ensure obeying occupational safety and health regulations and principles in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>ensure execution of orders, projections, decisions, and regulations issued by the inspection organs controlling working conditions </li></ul><ul><li>ensure execution of recommendations of the social inspector of labour </li></ul><ul><li>the employer or the person who manager workers is obliged to know rules regarding work protection, including occupational health and safety rules </li></ul>Obligations of the employer
  18. <ul><li>If work is performed simultaneously and in the same place by workers employed by different employers, these employers are obliged to: </li></ul>Art. 208 LC <ul><li>cooperate with one another, </li></ul><ul><li>designate a coordinator supervising safety </li></ul><ul><li>and hygiene of work of all workers employed in the same place , </li></ul><ul><li>establish the rules of cooperation with consideration </li></ul><ul><li>of ways of conduct in case of health or life hazards of workers. </li></ul>COOPERATION OF EMPLOYERS Obligations of the employer
  19. Art. 208 LC Obligations of the employer COOPERATION OF EMPLOYERS If work is performed simultaneously and in the same place by workers employed by different employers, these employers are obliged to: <ul><li>cooperate with each other, </li></ul><ul><li>designate a coordinator supervising safety </li></ul><ul><li>and hygiene of work of all workers employed in the same place , </li></ul><ul><li>establish the rules of cooperation with consideration </li></ul><ul><li>of ways of conduct in case of health or life hazards of workers. </li></ul>ATTENTION ! Designating a coordinator does not absolve each employer of the obligation to ensure their employees with safe and hygienic working conditions
  20. <ul><li>An employer beginning a business activity </li></ul><ul><li>i s obliged to inform – within 30 days following the date of the beginning of business activity - in writing - the work inspector and sanitary inspector about the place, kind and scope of activity. </li></ul>Art. 209 LC ATTENTION ! An appropriate inspector may obligate the employer running a business which may pose particular threats to a periodic revision of the above given information. REPORTING BUSINESS ACTIVITY. Obligations of the employer
  21. To provide measures necessary to give a worker the first aid in case of a sudden accident, to fight a fire and to evacuate the workers Art. 209 LC <ul><li>To designate workers to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>give the first aid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>undertake action in case of fire and workers’ evacuation </li></ul></ul>EMPLOYER’S ACTIONS IN THE SCOPE OF OCCUPARIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY Obligations of the employer
  22. <ul><li>The employer should provide machines, devices and tools which meet the requirements of occupational health and safety . </li></ul><ul><li>Machines and devices should: </li></ul><ul><li>- ensure safe and hygienic conditions of work, </li></ul><ul><li>- comply with the rule s of ergonomics </li></ul><ul><li>Machines posing any threats should be equipped with appropriate safety devices, </li></ul><ul><li>It is prohibited to equip workstations with machines or other devices which do not meet the requirements of the assessment of compliance. </li></ul><ul><li>Tools should comply with the rules of ergonomics and should ensure safe conditions of their use. </li></ul>Art. 215-219 LC Machines, other mechanical devices and working tools
  23. <ul><li>Electrical devices can be used when the user has been trained and authorized to use them. </li></ul><ul><li>Devices are used for what they are intended. </li></ul><ul><li>Devices are per i odically checked, serviced and maintained by an authorized person. </li></ul><ul><li>If a device is noticed to be working abnormally, it should be immediately switched off and the supervisor should be notified </li></ul>SAFETY IN THE USE OF ELECTRICAL DEVICES Machines, other mechanical devices and working tools Damage to the device The user The supervisor
  24. <ul><ul><li>name of the manufacturer, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>type of the device </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rated voltage (in volts) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CE safety sign, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic technical parameters, e.g. rotation/ min. </li></ul></ul>Every mechanical device should have a permanently fastened rated tag which should include: Machines, other mechanical devices and working tools SAFETY IN THE USE OF ELECTRICAL DEVICES
  25. <ul><li>Five rules of safe operation of electrical devices: </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to each use of the devi c e, check the state of the casing, switch and power cord; in case of any damage, the device should be repaired. </li></ul><ul><li>When the device is plugged and unplugged, it should always be held by its plug, never by the cord, </li></ul><ul><li>The device should be used appropriately and according to its parameters, </li></ul><ul><li>The device should be protected from water and moisture, </li></ul><ul><li>The user must be careful not to trip over a loosely lying power cord . </li></ul>Machines, other mechanical devices and working tools SAFETY IN THE USE OF ELECTRICAL DEVICES
  26. <ul><li>ATTENTION ! </li></ul><ul><li>Operation of devices, wiring system and networks (service, maintenance, repairs) may be performed by persons with proper electrical qualifications only – such work must not be done in any case or to any extend by workers. </li></ul>Machines, other mechanical devices and working tools SAFETY IN THE USE OF ELECTRICAL DEVICES
  27. <ul><li>ATTENTION! </li></ul><ul><li>The designer as well as the manufacturer bear responsibility should any machine designed or made by them not meet safety requirements. </li></ul>Art. 215-219 LC Machines, other mechanical devices and working tools
  28. <ul><li>It is prohibited to use: </li></ul><ul><li>Materials, preparations and other chemicals as well as technological processes without prior assessment of the degree of their harmfulness and without prior undertaking of preventive measures, </li></ul><ul><li>Preparations and other chemicals if they are not marked in the way which ensures their identification, </li></ul><ul><li>Dangerous preparations and o ther chemicals if there is no record of them in the workplace or operating characteristics’ card , </li></ul>It is the obligation of the employer to ensure safety in case chemical materials, substances or preparations are used. Art. 220-221 LC PREPARATIONS AND OTHER CHEMICALS Factors posing special threat
  29. <ul><li>It is the obligation of the employer to ensure safety to workers employed in conditions in which they are expose to cancerogenic agents. </li></ul><ul><li>The employer is obliged to keep the re c ord of all works with cancerogenic substances or other agents as well as with those which are likely to be cancerogenic </li></ul>The employer employing a worker in conditions in which this worker is exposed to cancerogenic substances or other agents is obliged to replace them with other substances or agents less harmful to health, or should use other available measures reducing the degree of threat with the proper use of the latest achievements of science and technology. Art. 222 LC FACTORS POSING SPECIAL THREAT Factors posing special threat
  30. <ul><li>It is the obligation of the employer to ensure that employees working in conditions which pose threat of biological agents’ exposure hav e a safe workstation. </li></ul><ul><li>If a worker is employed in conditions which pose threat of biological agents’ exposure, the employer is obliged to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U ndertake all available measures to eliminate the threat, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>K eep the record of all works which may pose threat to the employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>K eep the re co rd of all workers exposed to harmful biological agents. </li></ul></ul>BIOLOGICAL AGENTS Factors posing special threat
  31. <ul><li>The employer is obliged that his/ her workers receive prophylactic health protection. Such protection includes, among others obligatory medical examinations: </li></ul><ul><li>ENTRANCE </li></ul><ul><li>PERIODIC </li></ul><ul><li>CHECK UP </li></ul>TYPES OF EXAMINATIONS Medical examinations of the workers
  32. Art. 229 LC <ul><li>Entrance medical examination is required for: </li></ul><ul><li>persons admitted for work </li></ul><ul><li>juvenile workers who are transferred to other working positions </li></ul><ul><li>workers who are transferred to other positions characterized by dangerous and harmful to health agents or difficult working conditions. </li></ul>ENTRANCE MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS Medical examinations of the workers
  33. Art. 229 LC <ul><li>Periodic medical examination is required for: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>all the workers , </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>w orkers employed in conditions in which they are exposed to cancerogenic substances or other agents as well as fibrous dust also after : </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>they have ended work where they had a contact with such substances or dust , </li></ul><ul><li>w ork relationship has been dissolved, is the interested person applies for such examination . </li></ul>PERIODIC MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS Medical examinations of the workers
  34. Art. 229 LC <ul><li>A check-up medical examination is required : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In case of incapability to work which lasts for more than 30 days and is caused by an illness, </li></ul></ul></ul>In order to determine any contraindications regarding worker’s capability to continue work at the given position. MEDICAL CHECKUP Medical examinations of the workers
  35. The basis for conducting a medical examination is a request. It is the obligation of the employer to issue a laboratory request for entrance, periodic and check-up medical examinations. <ul><li>The following information must be provided in the request: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of examination (entrance, periodic, check-up) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kind of work or position at which a worker is (or will be) employed, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional information regarding exposure to agents harmful to health, the results of the latest tests and examination as well as the measurements of these agents, conducted at the given position </li></ul></ul>LABORATORY REQUEST Medical examinations of the workers
  36. Art. 229 LC <ul><li>Costs of medical examinations as well as other costs related to preventive health care are born by the employer </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic and check-up medical examinations are conducted, if it is possible, during working hours. </li></ul><ul><li>The worker keeps the right to receive pay for the time of work unperformed due to conducted examinations, and in case of necessary travel for periodic and check-up medical examinations to another town, the worker is entitled to financial coverage for the travel fare. </li></ul>Medical examinations of the workers
  37. The employer must not permit an employee begin work if he/ she has not shown a valid medical opinion confirming the lack of contraindications for work at a given position. Medical examinations of the workers
  38. <ul><li>Persons employed on the following basis undergo medical examinations: </li></ul><ul><li>Work contract : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>for trial period , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for fixed period, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for the time of performing specific work , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for indefinite period, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Selection, </li></ul><ul><li>Designation, </li></ul><ul><li>Appointment , </li></ul><ul><li>Collective work contract </li></ul>Medical examinations of the workers
  39. There is no obligation to conduct medical examinations if a person provides work on the basis of a civil legal contract (e.g. a fee-for-task agreement, a specific-task contract) Medical examinations of the workers
  40. <ul><li>Prophylactic medical examinations are concluded with a medical opinion. The opinion is in a form of a certificate in which the doctor confirms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the lack of health contraindications for work at a given position or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>health contraindications for work at a given position. </li></ul></ul>ISSUING OF THE MEDICAL OPINION Medical examinations of the workers
  41. <ul><li>If, as a result of medical examination of a worker, the doctor confirms health contraindications for work at a given position, then: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the given person must not be employed at such position and in such conditions as were declared by the employer in the laboratory request, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the person who is already the employee must be transferred to another position. </li></ul></ul>Issuing of the medical opinion Medical examinations of the workers
  42. <ul><li>Pursuant to the regulation of the Minister of Labour and Social Policy on detailed rules of training in the field of health and safety at work, the employer is obliged to provide his/ her workers with regular training in this field. </li></ul><ul><li>ATTENTION!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Training in the field of occupational health and safety is obligatory and required for all persons beginning work, regardless of their position. Training takes place during working hours and at the employer’s expense. For this reason, time spent participating in the training const it utes working time, therefore the employer is obliged to pay salary for this period </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, training in the field of occupational health and safety must not be organized before or after working hours. </li></ul>Training in the field of occupational health and safety
  43. <ul><li>The employer is obliged to provide their workers with two basic types of training in the field of occupational health and safety: </li></ul><ul><li>Introductory training prior to being permitted to begin his/ her work </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>general instruction , </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>position instruction . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>P eriodic training which is conducted in order to update and strengthen the knowledge and skills in the field of occupational safety and health acquired by the workers during introductory training . </li></ul>TYPES OF TRAINING Training in the field of occupational health and safety
  44. <ul><li>P rior to being permitted to begin his/ her work must be provided to : </li></ul><ul><li>Newly employed workers </li></ul><ul><li>S tudents undergoing students’ practical training </li></ul><ul><li>S tudents of vocational schools employed as apprentices </li></ul>GENERAL INSTRUCTION Training in the field of occupational health and safety
  45. <ul><li>Position instruction prior to being permitted to begin his/ her work must be provided to: </li></ul><ul><li>W orkers employed at manual positions and other at which they may be exposed to agents harmful to health, stren u ous or dangerous work, </li></ul><ul><li>Workers transferred to another position mentioned in no. 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Apprentices and s t udents undergoing students’ practical training . </li></ul>POSITION INSTRUCTION Training in the field of occupational health and safety
  46. ATTENTION!!! The worker performing work at several different positions should undergo position instruction regarding each position Transferring a worker from the menial position he/ she is holding at present to another position connected with production requires organizing position instruction. POSITION INSTRUCTION Training in the field of occupational health and safety
  47. <ul><li>Periodic training must be undergone by: </li></ul><ul><li>E mployers and other people managing workers (particularly managers, craftsmen and foremen) : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first training is conducted within 6 months after the work has begun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every successive training is conducted no more seldom than once every five years. </li></ul></ul>PERIODIC TRAINING Training in the field of occupational health and safety
  48. <ul><li>Workers employed at working positions; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first training is conducted within 12 months after the beginning of work , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every successive training is conducted no more seldom than once every three years </li></ul></ul>PERIODIC TRAINING This kind of training is undergone by: Training in the field of occupational health and safety
  49. <ul><li>3. Engineering-technical workers, including designers and constructors of machines and other mechanical devices, technologists and workers organizing production process. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first training in conducted within 12 months from the beginning of work, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every successive training is conducted no more seldom than once every five years </li></ul></ul>Periodic training must be undergone by: Training in the field of occupational health and safety PERIODIC TRAINING
  50. <ul><li>Office and administrative workers and other employees whose work chara c ter is connected with the hazard of harmful, stren u ous or dangerous agents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first training in conducted within 12 months from the beginning of work, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every successive training is conducted no more seldom than once every six years </li></ul></ul>Periodic training must be undergone by: Training in the field of occupational health and safety PERIODIC TRAINING
  51. <ul><li>The worker is not permitted to begin work for performing which he has no required qualities or necessary skills and sufficient knowledge of the rules and regulations of occupational safety and health . </li></ul>Training in the field of occupational health and safety
  52. Juvenile workers’ protection DEFINITION A juvenile, as described in the Labour Code, is a person who has attained the age of 16 and has not yet attained the age of 18.
  53. EMPLOYMENT OF THE JUVENILE <ul><li>It is allowed to employ only these juvenile people, who: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>have at least graduated from gymnasium (middle school) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>are able to submit a medical certificate which states that work of a particular kind does not pose a threat to their health. </li></ul></ul></ul>The juvenile without p rofessional qualifications can be employed only as an apprentice. Juvenile workers’ protection
  54. <ul><li>Cases in which it is permitted as an exception: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to employ the juvenile who have not graduated from gymnasium (middle school) yet, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to exempt the juvenile with no Professional qualifications from serving his/ her apprenticeship, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To employ persons under 16 who have completed middle school education , </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e m ployment of persons under 16 who have not compl e ted middle school education </li></ul></ul></ul>Juvenile workers’ protection EMPLOYMENT OF THE JUVENILE a re laid down in the Ordinance of the Council of Ministers of 24 August 2004 on the list of works prohibited for the juvenile and conditions of their employment for some of these works (JL 2004 No. 200, item 2047 with amendments)
  55. <ul><li>In order to ensure that juvenile workers’ health is particularly protected, the employer is obliged to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>keep the record of works performed in his/ her workplace which are prohibited for juvenile workers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>keep the record of works performed in his/ her workplace which are normally prohibited for juvenile workers, but which – as an exception – can be performed by juvenile workers serving apprenticeship. </li></ul></ul></ul>The physician responsible for the prophylactic care of the juvenile workers should participate in the preparation of the above records, and the list of works prohibited for the juvenile workers along with the positions at which such works are performed should be stored in an easily noticeable place, in each organizational unit where a juvenile worker is employed. JUVENILE WORKERS’ PROTECTION Juvenile workers’ protection
  56. WORKS PROHIBITED FOR YOUNG WORKERS CONNECTED WITH EXCESSIVE PHYSICAL EFFORT <ul><li>hand-lifting and hand-carrying loads within the distance of more than 25m and of the mass of more than the following values: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>at part-time work: for girls – 14 kg, for boys – 20 kg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for the repetitive load: for girls – 8 kg, for boys – 12 kg </li></ul></ul><ul><li>hand-carrying loads uphill, especially upstairs, of height above 5 m and the of the gradient of more than 30 º , mass of more than the following values: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>at part-time work: for girls – 10 kg, for boys – 15 kg , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for the repetitive load: for girls – 5 kg, for boys – 8 kg </li></ul></ul><ul><li>carrying loads on a wheelbarrow and 2-wheel handcarts by girls </li></ul>Juvenile workers’ protection
  57. Pregnant female workers’ health protection and provision of the proper childcare, are regulated by the following: <ul><li>Ban on employing pregnant female workers full-time of more than 8 hours, overtime and for night work (Art. 178 LC), </li></ul><ul><li>Ban on sending such pregnant female workers’ on business trips outside their workplace without their agreement (Art. 178 LC), </li></ul>Female workers’ protection RIGHTS CONNECTED WITH MOTHERHOOD
  58. <ul><li>Obligation to transfer a pregnant woman to another position if she performs work that the law prohibits her performing in her condition (Art. 179 LC), </li></ul><ul><li>The right to maternity leave (Art. 180 LC), </li></ul><ul><li>The right to breaks during the working hours for breastfeeding (Art. 187 LC) </li></ul>Female workers’ protection RIGHTS CONNECTED WITH MOTHERHOOD
  59. Pregnant female workers’ health protection and protection of workers taking care of a child under 4 along with the provision of the proper childcare, are regulated by the following: <ul><li>Ban on sending a female worker taking care of a child under 4 on business trips outside her workplace without her agreement (Art. 178 LC), </li></ul><ul><li>Ban on employing women bringing up children of under 4 for more than 8 hours per 24 h, for night work or overtime (Art. 178 LC) , </li></ul>Female workers’ protection RIGHTS CONNECTED WITH MOTHERHOOD
  60. The above rights may be also used by a male worker, however, if both parents or caretakers are employed, only one of them is allowed to exercise these rights. <ul><li>The right to free childcare leave to take care of a child until he/ she turns 4 (Art. 186 LC) , </li></ul><ul><li>The right to take a two-day childcare leave within one calendar year, for women bringing up children of under 14 (Art. 188 LC). </li></ul>Female workers’ protection RIGHTS CONNECTED WITH MOTHERHOOD
  61. ATTENTION !!! Pregnancy should be confirmed by doctor’s certificate Female workers’ protection RIGHTS CONNECTED WITH MOTHERHOOD
  62. <ul><li>Female worker has the right to maternity leave: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20 weeks for giving birth to one baby per childbirth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>31 weeks for giving birth to two babies per childbirth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>33 weeks for giving birth to three babies per childbirth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>35 weeks for giving birth to four babies per childbirth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>37 weeks for giving birth to five babies per childbirth </li></ul></ul></ul>THE LENGTH OF MATERNITY LEAVE Female workers’ protection
  63. The employer is obliged to permit the pregnant female worker be off work – with her keeping the right to benefits – when she undergoes tests and examinations recommended by her physician and connected with pregnancy if these tests and examinations cannot be done after her working hours. RIGHTS CONNECTED WITH MOTHERHOOD Female workers’ protection
  64. ATTENTION! The mass of loads mentioned in lines 3-5 include the mass of the transport machine or device. LIFTING AND CARRYING NORMS – FOR WOMEN Hand transport Specification Norms for pregnant and breatfeeding women Norms for not pregnant or breastfeeding women Hand-lifting and hand-carrying loads on flat surface <ul><li>3 kg (full-time work) </li></ul><ul><li>5 kg (part-time work - no more than 4 times per one hour per one working shift) </li></ul><ul><li>12 kg (full-time work) </li></ul><ul><li>20 kg (part-time work) </li></ul>Hand-carrying loads (on a ramp, stairs) <ul><li>2 kg ( full-time work) </li></ul><ul><li>3,75 kg (part-time work) </li></ul><ul><li>8 kg (full-time work) </li></ul><ul><li>15 kg (part-time work) </li></ul>Carrying loads on one-wheel wheelbarrows <ul><li>12,5 kg </li></ul><ul><li>50 kg </li></ul>Carrying loads on 2-, 3-, and 4-wheeled carts <ul><li>20 kg </li></ul><ul><li>80 kg </li></ul>Carrying loads on carts on tracks <ul><li>75 kg </li></ul><ul><li>300 kg </li></ul>
  65. Hand transport LIFTING AND CARRYING NORMS – FOR WOMEN Way of lifting, carrying or transporting by wheelbarrows and carts Norm – in kg COMMENTS <ul><li>Hand carrying: </li></ul><ul><li>at full-time work </li></ul><ul><li>at half-time work </li></ul><ul><li>to the height of under 4 m </li></ul><ul><li>on the distance of less than 25 m </li></ul>30 50 30 30 It is not allowed to hand-carry loads of the total mass over 30 kg on the weight of more than 30 kg and at height of more than 4 m, or within the distance of more than 25 m. <ul><li>Hand-rolling of round things (a barrel, a pipe which has a large diameter etc.): </li></ul><ul><li>flat surface </li></ul><ul><li>on a ramp </li></ul>300 50 During two-handed transport of things force used by the worker and necessary to initiate movement of the object cannot be greater than the following values: 300N – while pushing 250N – while pulling <ul><li>Transporting on a wheelbarrow: </li></ul><ul><li>On a hard surface </li></ul><ul><li>on an unhardened surface </li></ul>100 75 Including the mass of the wheelbarrow. It is not allowed to transport loads on a wheelbarrow upwards at a maximum angle of more than 8% and within the distance longer than 200 m.
  66. Hand transport LIFTING AND CARRYING NORMS – FOR WOMEN Way of lifting, carrying or transporting by wheelbarrows and carts Norm – in kg COMMENTS <ul><li>Moving loads on a trackless cart upwards : </li></ul><ul><li>on a 2-wheel cart </li></ul><ul><li>on a 3- or 4-wheel cart </li></ul>350 450 <ul><li>including cart’s mass </li></ul><ul><li>Moving loads on a trackless cart upwards at a maximum angle of more than 5%. </li></ul><ul><li>on a 2-wheel cart </li></ul><ul><li>on a 3- or 4-wheel cart </li></ul>250 350 including cart’s mass . Including the weight of the cart. It is not allowed to transport loads on hand-carts upwards at a maximum angle of more than 8% and on a distance longer than 200 m . <ul><li>Moving loads on track-carts: </li></ul><ul><li>on tracks whose gradient is more than 2% </li></ul><ul><li>on tracks whose gradient is more than 4% and on a distance longer than 400 m. </li></ul>600 450 <ul><li>including the mass of the cart </li></ul><ul><li>the distance between separate carts on tracks should be at least 25 m, and between sets consisting of several carts – 50 m </li></ul>
  67. Hand transport LIFTING AND CARRYING NORMS – FOR WOMEN Way of lifting, carrying or transporting by wheelbarrows and carts Norm – in kg COMMENTS <ul><li>Team-lifting and -carrying objects </li></ul><ul><li>for full time work </li></ul><ul><li>for part-time work </li></ul>25 42 Team-lifting and –carrying loads should take part when the length of objects to lift/ carry is more than 4 m and their mass 30 kg. It is not allowed to team-carry objects over the distance of more than 25 m or mass exceeding 500 kg. Transport of harmful and hazardous objects 25 It is not allowed for one worker to lift and carry liquid materials – hot, caustic or posing health hazard whose mass, including the dish and the handle exceeds 25 kg. Carboys containing acids or other caustic liquids should be carried on special carts. In exceptional circumstances, carboys can be caried by two workers in two strong enough baskets with handles. It is not allowed to carry carboys on one’s back or in front of oneself .
  68. <ul><li>The employer is obliged to provide the right work offices depending on the kind of performed work as well as the num b er of employees. </li></ul>Art. 214 LC IN ADDITION, THE EMPLOYER IS OBLIGED: Work rooms
  69. To keep work rooms clean and orderly and to ensure their periodic renovation and maintenance in order to constantly fulfill the requirements of occupational health and safety. Work rooms IN ADDITION, THE EMPLOYER IS OBLIGED:
  70. <ul><li>Permanent work work offices – these are work rooms in which the total time of spent by one worker within 24 hours is longer that 4 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary work work offices – these are work rooms in which the total time spent by one worker is between 2 and 4 hours. </li></ul>TYPES OF WORK ROOMS Work rooms
  71. <ul><li>The height of permanent work work offices must not be smaller than: </li></ul><ul><li>3 m – if there are no health hazard factors in the office </li></ul><ul><li>3.3 m – if work performed in the office leads to the presence of health hazards factors </li></ul>THE HEIGHT OF WORK OFFICES Occupational health and safety requirements for work offices
  72. The height of work rooms of temporary work must not be smaller than: <ul><li>2.2 m - if there are no health hazard factors in the room </li></ul><ul><li>2.5 m - if work performed in the office leads to the presence of health hazards factors </li></ul>Occupational health and safety requirements for work offices THE HEIGHT OF WORK OFFICES
  73. <ul><li>Per each worker emloyed in one room of permanent work at one time, there should be at least: </li></ul><ul><li>2m 2 – of free floor area not occupied </li></ul><ul><li>by technical appliances, furniture, </li></ul><ul><li>equipment etc. </li></ul><ul><li>13m 3 – of free volume per each worker employed </li></ul><ul><li>in permanent work work room </li></ul>THE AREA OF WORK ROOMS Occupational health and safety requirements for work offices
  74. <ul><li>The temperature in work offices should be appropriate for a specific type of work, however, not lower than 14 º C. </li></ul><ul><li>In work offices where light physical work is performed as well as in work offices cannot be lower than 1 8 o C . </li></ul>TEMPERATURE IN WORK ROOMS Occupational health and safety requirements for work offices
  75. <ul><li>The employer is obliged to provide workers with hygienic-sanitary rooms and facilities whose kind, size and number should depend on the number of employees, technology used and types of work as well as conditions in which this work is performed. </li></ul>EMPLOYERS DUTIES Hygienic-sanitary rooms
  76. <ul><li>dressing rooms </li></ul><ul><li>shower rooms </li></ul><ul><li>WCs </li></ul><ul><li>dining rooms </li></ul><ul><li>rest rooms </li></ul><ul><li>smoking rooms </li></ul><ul><li>laundry, rooms for disinfection, drying and dusting of work and protective clothing </li></ul><ul><li>rooms for workers’ getting warm </li></ul>TYPES OF HYGIENIC-SANITARY ROOMS Hygienic-sanitary rooms
  77. <ul><li>Dre s sing rooms, shower rooms, WCs should be designed and furnished separately for men and women. This does not apply to the work place where under 10 workers are employed per shift – provided that the use of these rooms is ensured to be separate for men and women . </li></ul>DRESSING ROOMS, SHOWER ROOMS, WCS Requirements for hygienic-sanitary rooms
  78. <ul><li>The employer employing m ore than 20 workers per shift should provide his/ her workers with room for meal consumption, the so called dining room. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The obligation regards also the employers who employ 20 or fewer workers , if they are exposed to a contact with harmful or radioactive chemicals, biologically contagious materials as well as in works which makes everything particularly dirty. </li></ul>This does not apply to these work places where only office work takes place. DINING ROOMS Requirements for hygienic-sanitary rooms
  79. <ul><li>Every worker eating a meal in the dining room must be provided with a separate sitting place at the table. </li></ul><ul><li>The dining room should not be s m aller than 8 m 2 . </li></ul><ul><li>The dining room should be equipped with washbasins – no fewer than one washbasin per 20 seats in the dining room. Every washbasin should be equipped with disposable paper towels unless it is equipped with a hand dryer. </li></ul><ul><li>In dining rooms intended for the consumption of the workers’ own meals or next to such rooms, there should be lockers for keeping – in clean and hygienic conditions – meals brought in by individual workers. </li></ul>DINING ROOMS Requirements for hygienic-sanitary rooms
  80. <ul><li>In case of work performed outside or in unheated rooms, workers should be provided with rooms, nearby their work, where they can shelter themselves from rain, snow, etc., get warm and change their clothing. </li></ul><ul><li>Such rooms should be equipped with devices for warming up food. </li></ul><ul><li>In rooms for workers’ getting warm, the temperature should be not lower than 1 6 o C . </li></ul><ul><li>The total area of such room cannot be smaller than 8 m 2 . . </li></ul>ROOMS FOR WORKERS’ GETTING WARM Requirements for hygienic-sanitary rooms
  81. <ul><li>The employer is obliged to ensure service and transport roads with proper signs, walkways as well as fire roads in the area of the company, and should ensure that their state does not pose any dangers. </li></ul>The roads should be marked with road signs in accordance with legal regulations regarding road traffic. MARKING Service roads
  82. On roads – in places where pedestrians may unexpectedly enter, especially in front of gates, doors and passageways, special railings or other effective protective measures s hould be used. PROTECTIVE CENTERS Service roads
  83. <ul><li>It should be ensured that there is a safe and convenient access to each work station, its height all along the passage should not be smaller in light than 2m. </li></ul>Passages between machines and other devices or walls, designed only for the purpose of using these devices s hould be at least 0.75m wide. PASSAGES BETWEEN AND TO WORK STATIONS Work stations
  84. <ul><li>An employer employing handicapped workers should ensure that work stations and access to them are adjusted to the needs and possibilities of such workers. </li></ul>Work stations PASSAGES BETWEEN AND TO WORK STATIONS
  85. <ul><li>The employer is obliged to make current occupational health and safety instructions available to the workers. The instructions should regard: </li></ul><ul><li>Technological processes applied in the workplace; </li></ul><ul><li>The use of machines and other mechanical devices; </li></ul><ul><li>How to act with materials harmful to health and hazardous ones; </li></ul><ul><li>Providing first aid. </li></ul>OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS Work stations
  86. <ul><li>The employer is obliged to provide the workers with an efficiently working system of first aid in case of fire as well as with the right measures to provide first aid. </li></ul>The number, place of keeping and content of first aid kits and posts should be decided after consulting the physician taking prophylactic health care of the workers; kinds and intensity of possible hazards should be considered. THE SYSTEM OF FIRST AID Work stations
  87. First aid posts and places where first aid kits are kept should be marked in an appropriate way. Work stations THE SYSTEM OF FIRST AID

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